National cloud deployments
In addition to our global network of datacenters, Microsoft cloud services are available in three separate national clouds. These national cloud versions are physical and logical network-isolated instances of Microsoft enterprise cloud services that are confined within the geographic borders of specific countries and operated by local personnel.
Current national clouds include:
- Microsoft Cloud for US Government
- Microsoft Cloud Germany
- Azure and Office 365 operated by 21Vianet in China
Each national cloud environment is unique and different than the Microsoft global environment. It is important to be aware of some of these key differences when you develop applications for national cloud environments; for example, registering applications, acquiring tokens, and calling the Microsoft Graph API can be different.
This article provides information about the different Microsoft Graph national cloud deployments and the capabilities that are available to developers within each.
App registration and token service root endpoints
Before calling the Microsoft Graph APIs, you should first register your application and acquire a token. The following table lists the base URLs for the Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) endpoints to register your application and acquire tokens for each national cloud.
|National cloud||Azure AD portal endpoint||Azure AD endpoint|
|Azure AD for US Government||https://portal.azure.us||
|Azure AD Germany||https://portal.microsoftazure.de||
|Azure AD China operated by 21Vianet||https://portal.azure.cn||
|Azure AD (global service)||https://portal.azure.com||
Note: The Azure AD v2.0 authorization and token endpoints are available on the global service only; they are not yet supported for use with national cloud deployments.
Microsoft Graph and Graph Explorer service root endpoints
The following table shows the service root endpoints for Microsoft Graph and Graph Explorer for each national cloud.
|National Cloud||Microsoft Graph||Graph Explorer|
|Microsoft Graph for US Government||https://graph.microsoft.us||Not supported.|
|Microsoft Graph Germany||https://graph.microsoft.de||Not supported.|
|Microsoft Graph China operated by 21Vianet||https://microsoftgraph.chinacloudapi.cn||https://developer.microsoft.com/zh-cn/graph/graph-explorer-china|
|Microsoft Graph global service||https://graph.microsoft.com||https://developer.microsoft.com/graph/graph-explorer|
Note: Apps can only access organizational data through the national cloud endpoints. This means that apps can only access data in tenants that are registered in the specific national cloud. Apps that are trying to access consumer data associated with personal Microsoft accounts through Microsoft Graph should use the global service
https://graph.microsoft.com. Access tokens acquired for a national cloud deployment are not interchangeable with those acquired for the global service or any other national cloud.
The following Microsoft Graph features are generally available on the
/v1.0 endpoint across all national cloud deployments, except where noted.
|Microsoft Graph features||Microsoft Cloud for US Government||Microsoft Cloud China operated by 21Vianet||Microsoft Cloud Germany|
|Directory schema extensions||➖||➖||➖|
|Open type extensions||➖||➖||➖|
The following additional Microsoft Graph features are available in preview (on the
/beta endpoint) across all national cloud deployments, except where noted:
- Organizational Contacts
- Service Principals
(*) Limited support for this API in this cloud.
IMPORTANT: Certain services and features that are in specific regions of the global service might not be available in all of the national clouds. To find out what services are available, see products available by region.
To learn more about National clouds, see the following topics: