DialogSet class

A related set of dialogs that can all call each other.

Remarks

The constructor for the dialog set should be passed a state property that will be used to persist the dialog stack for the set:

const { ConversationState, MemoryStorage, ActivityTypes } = require('botbuilder');
const { DialogSet, Dialog, DialogTurnStatus } = require('botbuilder-dialogs');

const convoState = new ConversationState(new MemoryStorage());
const dialogState = convoState.createProperty('dialogState');
const dialogs = new DialogSet(dialogState);

The bot can add dialogs or prompts to the set using the add() method:

class GreetingDialog extends Dialog {
    async beginDialog(dc, options) {
        await dc.context.sendActivity(`Hi! I'm a bot.`);
        return await dc.endDialog();
    }
}

dialogs.add(new GreetingDialog('greeting'));

To interact with the sets dialogs you can call createContext() with the current TurnContext. That will create a DialogContext that can be used to start or continue execution of the sets dialogs:

// Create DialogContext for the current turn
const dc = await dialogs.createContext(turnContext);

// Try to continue executing an active multi-turn dialog
const result = await dc.continueDialog();

// Send greeting if no other dialogs active
if (result.status == DialogTurnStatus.empty && dc.context.activity.type == ActivityTypes.Message) {
    await dc.beginDialog('greeting');
}

Constructors

DialogSet(StatePropertyAccessor<DialogState>)

Creates a new DialogSet instance.

Properties

telemetryClient

Set the telemetry client for this dialog set and apply it to all current dialogs. Set the telemetry client for this dialog set and apply it to all current dialogs. Future dialogs added to the set will also inherit this client.

Methods

add<T>(T)

Adds a new dialog or prompt to the set.

createContext(TurnContext)

Creates a dialog context which can be used to work with the dialogs in the set.

find(string)

Finds a dialog that was previously added to the set using add().

getVersion()

Returns a 32-bit hash of the all the Dialog.version values in the set.

Constructor Details

DialogSet(StatePropertyAccessor<DialogState>)

Creates a new DialogSet instance.

new DialogSet(dialogState?: StatePropertyAccessor<DialogState>)

Parameters

dialogState

StatePropertyAccessor<DialogState>

(Optional) state property used to persist the sets dialog stack.

Remarks

If the dialogState property is not passed in, calls to createContext() will return an error. You will need to create a DialogContext for the set manually and pass in your own state object for persisting the sets dialog stack:

const dc = new DialogContext(dialogs, turnContext, state);

Property Details

telemetryClient

Set the telemetry client for this dialog set and apply it to all current dialogs. Set the telemetry client for this dialog set and apply it to all current dialogs. Future dialogs added to the set will also inherit this client.

BotTelemetryClient telemetryClient

Property Value

BotTelemetryClient

Method Details

add<T>(T)

Adds a new dialog or prompt to the set.

function add<T>(dialog: T)

Parameters

dialog

T

The dialog or prompt to add. If a telemetryClient is present on the dialog set, it will be added to each dialog.

Returns

this

Remarks

If the Dialog.id being added already exists in the set, the dialogs id will be updated to include a suffix which makes it unique. So adding 2 dialogs named "duplicate" to the set would result in the first one having an id of "duplicate" and the second one having an id of "duplicate2".

createContext(TurnContext)

Creates a dialog context which can be used to work with the dialogs in the set.

function createContext(context: TurnContext)

Parameters

context

TurnContext

Context for the current turn of conversation with the user.

Returns

Promise<DialogContext>

find(string)

Finds a dialog that was previously added to the set using add().

function find(dialogId: string)

Parameters

dialogId

string

ID of the dialog or prompt to lookup.

Returns

Dialog | undefined

Remarks

This example finds a dialog named "greeting":

const dialog = dialogs.find('greeting');

getVersion()

Returns a 32-bit hash of the all the Dialog.version values in the set.

function getVersion()

Returns

string

Remarks

This hash is persisted to state storage and used to detect changes to a dialog set.