Azure Cosmos DB client library for JavaScript - Version 3.12.2

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Azure Cosmos DB is a globally distributed, multi-model database service that supports document, key-value, wide-column, and graph databases. This package is intended for JavaScript/Typescript applications to interact with SQL API databases and the JSON documents they contain:

  • Create Cosmos DB databases and modify their settings
  • Create and modify containers to store collections of JSON documents
  • Create, read, update, and delete the items (JSON documents) in your containers
  • Query the documents in your database using SQL-like syntax

Key links:

Getting started

Prerequisites

Azure Subscription and Cosmos DB SQL API Account

You must have an Azure Subscription, and a Cosmos DB account (SQL API) to use this package.

If you need a Cosmos DB SQL API account, you can use the Azure Cloud Shell to create one with this Azure CLI command:

az cosmosdb create --resource-group <resource-group-name> --name <cosmos-database-account-name>

Or you can create an account in the Azure Portal

NodeJS

This package is distributed via npm which comes preinstalled with NodeJS. You should be using Node v10 or above.

CORS

You need to set up Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) rules for your Cosmos DB account if you need to develop for browsers. Follow the instructions in the linked document to create new CORS rules for your Cosmos DB.

Install this package

npm install @azure/cosmos

Get Account Credentials

You will need your Cosmos DB Account Endpoint and Key. You can find these in the Azure Portal or use the Azure CLI snippet below. The snippet is formatted for the Bash shell.

az cosmosdb show --resource-group <your-resource-group> --name <your-account-name> --query documentEndpoint --output tsv
az cosmosdb keys list --resource-group <your-resource-group> --name <your-account-name> --query documentEndpoint --output tsv

Create an instance of CosmosClient

Interaction with Cosmos DB starts with an instance of the CosmosClient class

const { CosmosClient } = require("@azure/cosmos");

const endpoint = "https://your-account.documents.azure.com";
const key = "<database account masterkey>";
const client = new CosmosClient({ endpoint, key });

async function main() {
  // The rest of the README samples are designed to be pasted into this function body
}

main().catch((error) => {
  console.error(error);
});

For simplicity we have included the key and endpoint directly in the code but you will likely want to load these from a file not in source control using a project such as dotenv or loading from environment variables

In production environments, secrets like keys should be stored in Azure Key Vault

Key concepts

Once you've initialized a CosmosClient, you can interact with the primary resource types in Cosmos DB:

  • Database: A Cosmos DB account can contain multiple databases. When you create a database, you specify the API you'd like to use when interacting with its documents: SQL, MongoDB, Gremlin, Cassandra, or Azure Table. Use the Database object to manage its containers.

  • Container: A container is a collection of JSON documents. You create (insert), read, update, and delete items in a container by using methods on the Container object.

  • Item: An Item is a JSON document stored in a container. Each Item must include an id key with a value that uniquely identifies the item within the container. If you do not provide an id, the SDK will generate one automatically.

For more information about these resources, see Working with Azure Cosmos databases, containers and items.

Examples

The following sections provide several code snippets covering some of the most common Cosmos DB tasks, including:

Create a database

After authenticating your CosmosClient, you can work with any resource in the account. The code snippet below creates a SQL API database.

const { database } = await client.databases.createIfNotExists({ id: "Test Database" });
console.log(database.id);

Create a container

This example creates a container with default settings

const { container } = await database.containers.createIfNotExists({ id: "Test Database" });
console.log(container.id);

Insert items

To insert items into a container, pass an object containing your data to Items.upsert. The Cosmos DB service requires each item has an id key. If you do not provide one, the SDK will generate an id automatically.

This example inserts several items into the container

const cities = [
  { id: "1", name: "Olympia", state: "WA", isCapitol: true },
  { id: "2", name: "Redmond", state: "WA", isCapitol: false },
  { id: "3", name: "Chicago", state: "IL", isCapitol: false }
];
for (const city of cities) {
  container.items.create(city);
}

Read an item

To read a single item from a container, use Item.read. This is a less expensive operation than using SQL to query by id.

await container.item("1").read();

Delete an item

To delete items from a container, use Item.delete.

// Delete the first item returned by the query above
await container.item("1").delete();

Query the database

A Cosmos DB SQL API database supports querying the items in a container with Items.query using SQL-like syntax:

const { resources } = await container.items
  .query("SELECT * from c WHERE c.isCapitol = true")
  .fetchAll();
for (const city of resources) {
  console.log(`${city.name}, ${city.state} is a capitol `);
}

Perform parameterized queries by passing an object containing the parameters and their values to Items.query:

const { resources } = await container.items
  .query({
    query: "SELECT * from c WHERE c.isCapitol = @isCapitol",
    parameters: [{ name: "@isCapitol", value: true }]
  })
  .fetchAll();
for (const city of resources) {
  console.log(`${city.name}, ${city.state} is a capitol `);
}

For more information on querying Cosmos DB databases using the SQL API, see Query Azure Cosmos DB data with SQL queries.

Troubleshooting

General

When you interact with Cosmos DB errors returned by the service correspond to the same HTTP status codes returned for REST API requests:

HTTP Status Codes for Azure Cosmos DB

Conflicts

For example, if you try to create an item using an id that's already in use in your Cosmos DB database, a 409 error is returned, indicating the conflict. In the following snippet, the error is handled gracefully by catching the exception and displaying additional information about the error.

try {
  await containers.items.create({ id: "existing-item-id" });
} catch (error) {
  if (error.code === 409) {
    console.log("There was a conflict with an existing item");
  }
}

Transpiling

The Azure SDKs are designed to support ES5 JavaScript syntax and LTS versions of Node.js. If you need support for earlier JavaScript runtimes such as Internet Explorer or Node 6, you will need to transpile the SDK code as part of your build process.

Handle transient errors with retries

While working with Cosmos DB, you might encounter transient failures caused by rate limits enforced by the service, or other transient problems like network outages. For information about handling these types of failures, see Retry pattern in the Cloud Design Patterns guide, and the related Circuit Breaker pattern.

Next steps

More sample code

Several samples are available to you in the SDK's GitHub repository. These samples provide example code for additional scenarios commonly encountered while working with Cosmos DB:

  • Database Operations
  • Container Operations
  • Item Operations
  • Configuring Indexing
  • Reading a container Change Feed
  • Stored Procedures
  • Changing Database/Container throughput settings
  • Multi Region Write Operations

Additional documentation

For more extensive documentation on the Cosmos DB service, see the Azure Cosmos DB documentation on docs.microsoft.com.

Contributing

If you'd like to contribute to this library, please read the contributing guide to learn more about how to build and test the code.

Impressions