How to use Jupyter notebooks in single-user and multi-user servers

This article explains how to load sample Python notebooks from Machine Learning samples on Github. It also explains how to add our libraries to a remote Jupyter server acting as central hub for multi-user notebooks on your network.

Jupyter Notebooks is distributed with Anaconda, which is the Python distribution used by Machine Learning Server. If you installed Machine Learning Server, you have the components necessary for running notebooks as a single user on localhost.

Both Machine Learning Server and Jupyter Notebooks must be on the same computer.


Jupyter Notebooks are a presentation concept, integrating script and text on the same page. Script is interactive on the page, often Python or R, but could be any one of the 40 languages supported by Jupyter. The text is user-provided content that describes the script. Notebooks are executed on a server, accessed over http, and rendered as HTML in a browser to the person requesting the notebook. For more information, see Jupyter documentation.

Load on Windows

  1. Download just the .ipynb files from the Github repo


    Some browsers append a .txt file extension automatically. Remove the extraneous .txt extension if you see it in the file name.

  2. Upload the .ipynb to your local server:

    • Navigate to the Jupyter-notebook executable on your computer: C:\Program Files\Microsoft\ML Server\PYTHON_SERVER\Scripts
    • Right-click Run as administrator on jupyter-notebook.exe
    • The Notebook Dashboard opens in your default browser at http://localhost:8888/tree.
    • Click Upload on the top right corner.
    • Navigate to the folder where you saved the .ipynb file. Most likely, it's in the Downloads folder: \Downloads\ML-Server-Python-Samples-master\microsoftml\quickstarts\binary-classification\Binary+Classification+Quickstart.ipynb
    • Select the file and click Open to add the notebook to your server.
  3. Click the notebook to load it, then click Run to step through the content and script. For this particular notebook, no additional configuration is required. For the web service notebook, read the readme for configuration requirements.

Configure for multi-user access

This procedure applies to Linux or Spark edge node upon which you are hosting a JupyterHub or multi-user server. It does not apply to single-user localhost servers.

For a multi-user server, add our custom kernel MMLSPy to the data directory of your server. Machine Learning Server provides this kernel for notebooks and scripts that make calls to revoscalepy, microsoftml, and azureml.

Run the following command to install the kernel:

sudo /usr/bin/anaconda/bin/jupyter kernelspec install /opt/microsoft/mlserver/9.2.1/libraries/jupyter/kernels/MMLSPy

Check kernel installation

Verify the file is in the expected location.

  1. Run jupyter –data-dir from the node on which Jupyter Notebook Server is installed.
  2. Note the path returned by -data-dir. This is where Jupyter stores its data directories, including kernels.
  3. Navigate to the folder. You should see MMLSPy listed.

If the installation command did not succeed, you can manually copy the MMLSPy directory from /opt/microsoft/mlserver/9.2.1/libraries/kernels/ to the kernels subdirectory under the data directory.

You might need to restart your server in order for the server to pick up the kernel.

Use the MMLSPy notebook option

In Jupyter dashboard, click New to create a new notebook. You should see the new kernel (MMLSPy) in the drop down.

mmlspy kernel in New notebook list

See also