Plan for Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo
This guidance is designed for administrators of multi-national companies (MNCs) who are preparing their Microsoft 365 tenant to be expanded to additional geographies in accordance with the company’s presence to meet data residency requirements.
In a multi-geo configuration, your Microsoft 365 tenant consists of a central location and one or more satellite locations. This is a single tenant that spans across multiple geo locations. Your tenant information, including geo locations, is mastered in Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).
Here are some key multi-geo terms to help you understand the basic concepts of the configuration:
Tenant – An organization's representation in Microsoft 365 which typically has one or more domains associated with it (for example, https://contoso.sharepoint.com).
Geo locations – The geographic locations available to host data in a Microsoft 365 tenant.
Satellite locations – The additional geo locations that you have configured to host data in your Microsoft 365 tenant. Multi-geo tenants span more than one geo location, for example, North America and Europe.
Preferred Data Location (PDL) – The geo location where an individual user's Exchange and OneDrive data is stored. This can be set by the administrator to any of the geo locations that have been configured for the tenant. Note that if you change the PDL for a user who already has a OneDrive site, their OneDrive data is not moved to the new geo location automatically. See Move a OneDrive library to a different geo-location for more information. If they have an Exchange mailbox, the mailbox is moved to the new preferred data location automatically.
Enabling Multi-Geo requires four key steps:
Work with your account team to add the Multi-Geo Capabilities in Microsoft 365 service plan.
Choose your desired satellite location(s) and add them to your tenant.
Set your users' preferred data location to the desired satellite location. When a new OneDrive site or Exchange mailbox is provisioned for a user, it is provisioned to their PDL.
Migrate your users' existing OneDrive sites from the central location to their preferred data location as needed. (Exchange mailboxes are migrated automatically when you set a user's PDL.)
See Configure Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo for details on each of these steps.
Note that Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo is not designed for performance optimization, it is designed to meet data residency requirements. For information about performance optimization for Microsoft 365, see Network planning and performance tuning for Microsoft 365 or contact your support group.
You can configure any of the following locations to be satellite locations where you can host OneDrive and SharePoint sites, and Exchange mailboxes. As you plan for multi-geo, make a list of the locations that you want to add to your Microsoft 365 tenant. We recommend starting with one or two satellite locations and then gradually expanding to more geo locations, if needed.
|Geo location||Code||eDiscovery data location|
|Asia-Pacific||APC||Southeast or East Asia datacenters|
|Australia||AUS||Southeast or East Asia datacenters|
|Brazil||BRA||(eDiscovery data location coming soon)|
|Europe / Middle East / Africa||EUR||Europe datacenters|
|India||IND||Southeast or East Asia datacenters|
|Japan||JPN||Southeast or East Asia datacenters|
|Korea||KOR||Southeast or East Asia datacenters|
|North America||NAM||US datacenters|
|Norway||NOR||(eDiscovery data location coming soon)|
|South Africa||ZAF||Southeast or East Asia datacenters|
|United Arab Emirates||ARE||Southeast or East Asia datacenters|
|United Kingdom||GBR||Europe datacenters|
When you configure multi-geo, consider taking the opportunity to consolidate your on-premises infrastructure while migrating to Microsoft 365. For example, if you have on-premises farms in Singapore and Malaysia, then you can consolidate them to the APC satellite location, provided data residency requirements allow you to do so.
We recommend that you create a test user in Microsoft 365 to do some initial testing. We’ll walk through some testing and verification steps with this user before you proceed to onboard production users into Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo.
Once you’ve completed testing with the test user, select a pilot group – perhaps from your IT department – to be the first to use OneDrive and Exchange in a new geo location. For this first group, select users who do not yet have a OneDrive. We recommend no more than five people in this initial group and gradually expand following a batched rollout approach.
Each user should have a preferred data location (PDL) set so that Microsoft 365 can determine in which geo location to provision their OneDrive. The user's preferred data location must match one of your chosen satellite locations or your central location. While the PDL field is not mandatory, we recommend that a PDL be set for all users. Workloads of a user without a PDL will be provisioned in the central location.
Create a list of your users, and include their user principal name (UPN) and the location code for the appropriate preferred data location. Include your test user and your initial pilot group to start with. You'll need this list for the configuration procedures.
If your users are synchronized from an on-premises Active Directory system to Azure Active Directory, you must set the preferred data location as an Active Directory attribute and synchronize it by using Azure Active Directory Connect. You cannot directly configure the preferred data location for synchronized users using Azure AD PowerShell. The steps to set up PDL in Active Directory and Synchronize it are covered in Azure Active Directory Connect sync: Configure preferred data location for Microsoft 365 resources.
The administration of a multi-geo tenant can differ from a non-multi-geo tenant, as many of the SharePoint and OneDrive settings and services are multi-geo aware. We recommend that you review Administering a multi-geo environment before you proceed with your configuration.
Read User experience in a multi-geo environment for details about your end users' experience in a multi-geo environment.
For details about the Teams experience in a Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo tenancy, see Teams experience in a Microsoft 365 OneDrive and SharePoint Online Multi-Geo-enabled tenancy.
To get started configuring Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo, see Configure Microsoft 365 Multi-Geo.
Once you've completed the configuration, remember to migrate your users' OneDrive libraries as needed to get your users working from their preferred data locations.