Investigate connection events that occur behind forward proxies

Applies to:

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Defender for Endpoint supports network connection monitoring from different levels of the network stack. A challenging case is when the network uses a forward proxy as a gateway to the Internet.

The proxy acts as if it was the target endpoint. In these cases, simple network connection monitors will audit the connections with the proxy that is correct but has lower investigation value.

Defender for Endpoint supports advanced HTTP level monitoring through network protection. When turned on, a new type of event is surfaced which exposes the real target domain names.

Use network protection to monitor network connection behind a firewall

Monitoring network connection behind a forward proxy is possible due to other network events that originate from network protection. To see them on a device timeline, turn on network protection (at the minimum in audit mode).

Network protection can be controlled using the following modes:

  • Block: Users or apps will be blocked from connecting to dangerous domains. You will be able to see this activity in Microsoft 365 Defender.
  • Audit: Users or apps will not be blocked from connecting to dangerous domains. However, you will still see this activity in Microsoft 365 Defender.

If you turn off network protection, users or apps will not be blocked from connecting to dangerous domains. You will not see any network activity in Microsoft 365 Defender.

If you do not configure it, network blocking will be turned off by default.

For more information, see Enable network protection.

Investigation impact

When network protection is turned on, you'll see that on a device's timeline the IP address will keep representing the proxy, while the real target address shows up.

The network events on device's timeline

Other events triggered by the network protection layer are now available to surface the real domain names even behind a proxy.

Event's information:

The URLs of a single network event

Hunt for connection events using advanced hunting

All new connection events are available for you to hunt on through advanced hunting as well. Since these events are connection events, you can find them under the DeviceNetworkEvents table under the ConnecionSuccess action type.

Using this simple query will show you all the relevant events:

DeviceNetworkEvents
| where ActionType == "ConnectionSuccess"
| take 10

The advanced hunting query

You can also filter out events that are related to connection to the proxy itself.

Use the following query to filter out the connections to the proxy:

DeviceNetworkEvents
| where ActionType == "ConnectionSuccess" and RemoteIP != "ProxyIP"
| take 10