Schedule scans with Microsoft Defender for Endpoint (Linux)

To run a scan for Linux, see Supported Commands.

Linux (and Unix) have a tool called crontab (similar to Task Scheduler) to be able to run scheduled tasks.

Pre-requisite

Note

To get a list of all the time zones, run the following command: timedatectl list-timezones
Examples for timezones:

  • America/Los_Angeles
  • America/New_York
  • America/Chicago
  • America/Denver

To set the Cron job

Use the following commands:

Backup crontab entries

sudo crontab -l > /var/tmp/cron_backup_200919.dat

Note

Where 200919 == YRMMDD

Tip

Do this before you edit or remove.

To edit the crontab, and add a new job as a root user:

sudo crontab -e

Note

The default editor is VIM.

You might see:

0 * * * * /etc/opt/microsoft/mdatp/logrorate.sh

Press "Insert"

Add the following entries:

CRON_TZ=America/Los_Angeles

0 2 * * sat /bin/mdatp scan quick > ~/mdatp_cron_job.log

Note

In this example, we have set it to 00 minutes, 2 a.m. (hour in 24 hour format), any day of the month, any month, on Saturdays. Meaning it will run Saturdays at 2:00 a.m. Pacific (UTC -8).

Press "Esc"

Type ":wq" without the double quotes.

Note

w == write, q == quit

To view your cron jobs, type sudo crontab -l

linux mdatp.

To inspect cron job runs

sudo grep mdatp /var/log/cron

To inspect the mdatp_cron_job.log*

sudo nano mdatp_cron_job.log

For those who use Ansible, Chef, or Puppet

Use the following commands:

To set cron jobs in Ansible

cron - Manage cron.d and crontab entries

See [https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/modules/cron_module.html](https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/modules/cron_module.html) for more information.

### To set crontabs in Chef

```bash
cron resource
```bash

See https://docs.chef.io/resources/cron/ for more information.

To set cron jobs in Puppet

Resource Type: cron

See https://puppet.com/docs/puppet/5.5/types/cron.html for more information.

Automating with Puppet: Cron jobs and scheduled tasks

See https://puppet.com/blog/automating-puppet-cron-jobs-and-scheduled-tasks/ for more information.

Additional information

To get help with crontab

man crontab

To get a list of crontab file of the current user

crontab -l

To get a list of crontab file of another user

crontab -u username -l

To backup crontab entries

crontab -l > /var/tmp/cron_backup.dat

Tip

Do this before you edit or remove.

To restore crontab entries

crontab /var/tmp/cron_backup.dat

To edit the crontab and add a new job as a root user

sudo crontab -e

To edit the crontab and add a new job

crontab -e

To edit other user's crontab entries

crontab -u username -e

To remove all crontab entries

crontab -r

To remove other user's crontab entries

crontab -u username -r

Explanation

+—————- minute (values: 0 - 59) (special characters: , - * /)
| +————- hour (values: 0 - 23) (special characters: , - * /)
| | +———- day of month (values: 1 - 31) (special characters: , - * / L W C)
| | | +——- month (values: 1 - 12) (special characters: ,- * / )
| | | | +—- day of week (values: 0 - 6) (Sunday=0 or 7) (special characters: , - * / L W C)
| | | | |*****command to be executed