List incidents API in Microsoft 365 Defender

Important

The improved Microsoft 365 security center is now available in public preview. This new experience brings Defender for Endpoint, Defender for Office 365, Microsoft 365 Defender, and more into the Microsoft 365 security center. Security teams can now manage all endpoint, email and cross product investigations, configuration and remediation without the need to navigate to separate product portals. Learn more about what's changed.

Applies to:

  • Microsoft 365 Defender

Important

Some information relates to prereleased product which may be substantially modified before it's commercially released. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information provided here.

API description

The list incidents API allows you to sort through incidents to create an informed cybersecurity response. It exposes a collection of incidents that were flagged in your network, within the time range you specified in your environment retention policy. The most recent incidents are displayed at the top of the list. Each incident contains an array of related alerts, and their related entities.

The API supports the following OData operators:

  • $filter on the lastUpdateTime, createdTime, status, and assignedTo properties
  • $top, with a maximum value of 100
  • $skip

Limitations

  1. Maximum page size is 100 incidents.
  2. Maximum rate of requests is 50 calls per minute and 1500 calls per hour.

Permissions

One of the following permissions is required to call this API. To learn more, including how to choose permissions, see Access Microsoft 365 Defender APIs

Permission type Permission Permission display name
Application Incident.Read.All Read all incidents
Application Incident.ReadWrite.All Read and write all incidents
Delegated (work or school account) Incident.Read Read incidents
Delegated (work or school account) Incident.ReadWrite Read and write incidents

Note

When obtaining a token using user credentials:

  • The user needs to have view permission for incidents in the portal.
  • The response will only include incidents that the user is exposed to.

HTTP request

GET /api/incidents

Request headers

Name Type Description
Authorization String Bearer {token}. Required

Request body

None.

Response

If successful, this method returns 200 OK, and a list of incidents in the response body.

Schema mapping

Incident metadata

Field name Description Example value
incidentId Unique identifier to represent the incident 924565
redirectIncidentId Only populated in case an incident is being grouped together with another incident, as part of the incident processing logic. 924569
incidentName String value available for every incident. Ransomware activity
createdTime Time when incident was first created. 2020-09-06T14:46:57.0733333Z
lastUpdateTime Time when the incident was last updated on the backend.

This field can be used when you're setting the request parameter for the range of time that incidents are retrieved.
2020-09-06T14:46:57.29Z
assignedTo Owner of the incident, or null if no owner is assigned. secop2@contoso.com
classification The specification for the incident. The property values are: Unknown, FalsePositive, TruePositive Unknown
determination Specifies the determination of the incident. The property values are: NotAvailable, Apt, Malware, SecurityPersonnel, SecurityTesting, UnwantedSoftware, Other NotAvailable
status Categorize incidents (as Active, or Resolved). It can help you organize and manage your response to incidents. Active
severity Indicates the possible impact on assets. The higher the severity the bigger the impact. Typically higher severity items require the most immediate attention.

One of the following values: Informational, Low, *Medium, and High.
Medium
tags Array of custom tags associated with an incident, for example to flag a group of incidents with a common characteristic. []
alerts Array containing all of the alerts related to the incident, plus other information, such as severity, entities that were involved in the alert, and the source of the alerts. [] (see details on alert fields below)

Alerts metadata

Field name Description Example value
alertId Unique identifier to represent the alert caD70CFEE2-1F54-32DB-9988-3A868A1EBFAC
incidentId Unique identifier to represent the incident this alert is associated with 924565
serviceSource Service that the alert originates from, such as Microsoft Defender for Endpoint, Microsoft Cloud App Security, Microsoft Defender for Identity, or Microsoft Defender for Office 365. MicrosoftCloudAppSecurity
creationTime Time when alert was first created. 2020-09-06T14:46:55.7182276Z
lastUpdatedTime Time when alert was last updated at the backend. 2020-09-06T14:46:57.2433333Z
resolvedTime Time when alert was resolved. 2020-09-10T05:22:59Z
firstActivity Time when alert first reported that activity was updated at the backend. 2020-09-04T05:22:59Z
title Brief identifying string value available for each alert. Ransomware activity
description String value describing each alert. The user Test User2 (testUser2@contoso.com) manipulated 99 files with multiple extensions ending with the uncommon extension herunterladen. This is an unusual number of file manipulations and is indicative of a potential ransomware attack.
category Visual and numeric view of how far the attack has progressed along the kill chain. Aligned to the MITRE ATT&CK™ framework. Impact
status Categorize alerts (as New, Active, or Resolved). It can help you organize and manage your response to alerts. New
severity Indicates the possible impact on assets. The higher the severity the bigger the impact. Typically higher severity items require the most immediate attention.
One of the following values: Informational, Low, *Medium, and High.
Medium
investigationId The automated investigation ID triggered by this alert. 1234
investigationState Information on the investigation's current status. One of the following values: Unknown, Terminated, SuccessfullyRemediated, Benign, Failed, PartiallyRemediated, Running, PendingApproval, PendingResource, PartiallyInvestigated, TerminatedByUser, TerminatedBySystem, Queued, InnerFailure, PreexistingAlert, UnsupportedOs, UnsupportedAlertType, SuppressedAlert. UnsupportedAlertType
classification The specification for the incident. The property values are: Unknown, FalsePositive, TruePositive, or null Unknown
determination Specifies the determination of the incident. The property values are: NotAvailable, Apt, Malware, SecurityPersonnel, SecurityTesting, UnwantedSoftware, Other or null Apt
assignedTo Owner of the incident, or null if no owner is assigned. secop2@contoso.com
actorName The activity group, if any, the associated with this alert. BORON
threatFamilyName Threat family associated with this alert. null
mitreTechniques The attack techniques, as aligned with the MITRE ATT&CK™ framework. []
devices All devices where alerts related to the incident were sent. [] (see details on entity fields below)

Device format

Field name Description Example value
DeviceId The device ID as designated in Microsoft Defender ATP. 24c222b0b60fe148eeece49ac83910cc6a7ef491
aadDeviceId The device ID as designated in Azure Active Directory. Only available for domain-joined devices. null
deviceDnsName The fully qualified domain name for the device. user5cx.middleeast.corp.contoso.com
osPlatform The OS platform the device is running. WindowsServer2016
osBuild The build version for the OS the device is running. 14393
rbacGroupName The role-based access control (RBAC) group associated with the device. WDATP-Ring0
firstSeen Time when device was first seen. 2020-02-06T14:16:01.9330135Z
healthStatus The health state of the device. Active
riskScore The risk score for the device. High
entities All entities that have been identified to be part of, or related to, a given alert. [] (see details on entity fields below)

Entity Format

Field name Description Example value
entityType Entities that have been identified to be part of, or related to, a given alert.
The properties values are: User, Ip, Url, File, Process, MailBox, MailMessage, MailCluster, Registry
User
sha1 Available if entityType is File.
The file hash for alerts associated with a file or process.
5de839186691aa96ee2ca6d74f0a38fb8d1bd6dd
sha256 Available if entityType is File.
The file hash for alerts associated with a file or process.
28cb017dfc99073aa1b47c1b30f413e3ce774c4991eb4158de50f9dbb36d8043
fileName Available if entityType is File.
The file name for alerts associated with a file or process
Detector.UnitTests.dll
filePath Available if entityType is File.
The file path for alerts associated with a file or process
C:\\agent_work_temp\Deploy\SYSTEM\2020-09-06 12_14_54\Out
processId Available if entityType is Process. 24348
processCommandLine Available if entityType is Process. "Your File Is Ready To Download_1911150169.exe"
processCreationTime Available if entityType is Process. 2020-07-18T03:25:38.5269993Z
parentProcessId Available if entityType is Process. 16840
parentProcessCreationTime Available if entityType is Process. 2020-07-18T02:12:32.8616797Z
ipAddress Available if entityType is Ip.
IP address for alerts associated with network events, such as Communication to a malicious network destination.
62.216.203.204
url Available if entityType is Url.
Url for alerts associated to network events, such as, Communication to a malicious network destination.
down.esales360.cn
accountName Available if entityType is User. testUser2
domainName Available if entityType is User. europe.corp.contoso
userSid Available if entityType is User. S-1-5-21-1721254763-462695806-1538882281-4156657
aadUserId Available if entityType is User. fc8f7484-f813-4db2-afab-bc1507913fb6
userPrincipalName Available if entityType is User/MailBox/MailMessage. testUser2@contoso.com
mailboxDisplayName Available if entityType is MailBox. test User2
mailboxAddress Available if entityType is User/MailBox/MailMessage. testUser2@contoso.com
clusterBy Available if entityType is MailCluster. Subject;P2SenderDomain;ContentType
sender Available if entityType is User/MailBox/MailMessage. user.abc@mail.contoso.co.in
recipient Available if entityType is MailMessage. testUser2@contoso.com
subject Available if entityType is MailMessage. [EXTERNAL] Attention
deliveryAction Available if entityType is MailMessage. Delivered
securityGroupId Available if entityType is SecurityGroup. 301c47c8-e15f-4059-ab09-e2ba9ffd372b
securityGroupName Available if entityType is SecurityGroup. Network Configuration Operators
registryHive Available if entityType is Registry. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
registryKey Available if entityType is Registry. SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
registryValueType Available if entityType is Registry. String
registryValue Available if entityType is Registry. 31-00-00-00
deviceId The ID, if any, of the device related to the entity. 986e5df8b73dacd43c8917d17e523e76b13c75cd

Example

Request

GET https://api.security.microsoft.com/api/incidents

Response

{
	"@odata.context": "https://api.security.microsoft.com/api/$metadata#Incidents",
	"value": [
			{
			"incidentId": 924565,
			"redirectIncidentId": null,
			"incidentName": "Ransomware activity",
			"createdTime": "2020-09-06T14:46:57.0733333Z",
			"lastUpdateTime": "2020-09-06T14:46:57.29Z",
			"assignedTo": null,
			"classification": "Unknown",
			"determination": "NotAvailable",
			"status": "Active",
			"severity": "Medium",
			"tags": [],
			"alerts": [
				{
					"alertId": "caD70CFEE2-1F54-32DB-9988-3A868A1EBFAC",
					"incidentId": 924565,
					"serviceSource": "MicrosoftCloudAppSecurity",
					"creationTime": "2020-09-06T14:46:55.7182276Z",
					"lastUpdatedTime": "2020-09-06T14:46:57.2433333Z",
					"resolvedTime": null,
					"firstActivity": "2020-09-04T05:22:59Z",
					"lastActivity": "2020-09-04T05:22:59Z",
					"title": "Ransomware activity",
					"description": "The user Test User2 (testUser2@contoso.com) manipulated 99 files with multiple extensions ending with the uncommon extension herunterladen. This is an unusual number of file manipulations and is indicative of a potential ransomware attack.",
					"category": "Impact",
					"status": "New",
					"severity": "Medium",
					"investigationId": null,
					"investigationState": "UnsupportedAlertType",
					"classification": null,
					"determination": null,
					"detectionSource": "MCAS",
					"assignedTo": null,
					"actorName": null,
					"threatFamilyName": null,
					"mitreTechniques": [],
					"devices": [],
					"entities": [
						{
							"entityType": "User",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": "testUser2",
							"domainName": "europe.corp.contoso",
							"userSid": "S-1-5-21-1721254763-462695806-1538882281-4156657",
							"aadUserId": "fc8f7484-f813-4db2-afab-bc1507913fb6",
							"userPrincipalName": "testUser2@contoso.com",
							"mailboxDisplayName": null,
							"mailboxAddress": null,
							"clusterBy": null,
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						},
						{
							"entityType": "Ip",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": "62.216.203.204",
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": null,
							"mailboxDisplayName": null,
							"mailboxAddress": null,
							"clusterBy": null,
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						}
					]
				}
			]
		},
		{
			"incidentId": 924521,
			"redirectIncidentId": null,
			"incidentName": "'Mimikatz' hacktool was detected on one endpoint",
			"createdTime": "2020-09-06T12:18:03.6266667Z",
			"lastUpdateTime": "2020-09-06T12:18:03.81Z",
			"assignedTo": null,
			"classification": "Unknown",
			"determination": "NotAvailable",
			"status": "Active",
			"severity": "Low",
			"tags": [],
			"alerts": [
				{
					"alertId": "da637349914833441527_393341063",
					"incidentId": 924521,
					"serviceSource": "MicrosoftDefenderATP",
					"creationTime": "2020-09-06T12:18:03.3285366Z",
					"lastUpdatedTime": "2020-09-06T12:18:04.2566667Z",
					"resolvedTime": null,
					"firstActivity": "2020-09-06T12:15:07.7272048Z",
					"lastActivity": "2020-09-06T12:15:07.7272048Z",
					"title": "'Mimikatz' hacktool was detected",
					"description": "Readily available tools, such as hacking programs, can be used by unauthorized individuals to spy on users. When used by attackers, these tools are often installed without authorization and used to compromise targeted machines.\n\nThese tools are often used to collect personal information from browser records, record key presses, access email and instant messages, record voice and video conversations, and take screenshots.\n\nThis detection might indicate that Windows Defender Antivirus has stopped the tool from being installed and used effectively. However, it is prudent to check the machine for the files and processes associated with the detected tool.",
					"category": "Malware",
					"status": "New",
					"severity": "Low",
					"investigationId": null,
					"investigationState": "UnsupportedOs",
					"classification": null,
					"determination": null,
					"detectionSource": "WindowsDefenderAv",
					"assignedTo": null,
					"actorName": null,
					"threatFamilyName": "Mimikatz",
					"mitreTechniques": [],
					"devices": [
						{
							"mdatpDeviceId": "24c222b0b60fe148eeece49ac83910cc6a7ef491",
							"aadDeviceId": null,
							"deviceDnsName": "user5cx.middleeast.corp.contoso.com",
							"osPlatform": "WindowsServer2016",
							"version": "1607",
							"osProcessor": "x64",
							"osBuild": 14393,
							"healthStatus": "Active",
							"riskScore": "High",
							"rbacGroupName": "WDATP-Ring0",
							"rbacGroupId": 9,
							"firstSeen": "2020-02-06T14:16:01.9330135Z"
						}
					],
					"entities": [
						{
							"entityType": "File",
							"sha1": "5de839186691aa96ee2ca6d74f0a38fb8d1bd6dd",
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": "Detector.UnitTests.dll",
							"filePath": "C:\\Agent\\_work\\_temp\\Deploy_SYSTEM 2020-09-06 12_14_54\\Out",
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": null,
							"mailboxDisplayName": null,
							"mailboxAddress": null,
							"clusterBy": null,
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": "24c222b0b60fe148eeece49ac83910cc6a7ef491"
						}
					]
				}
			]
		},
		{
			"incidentId": 924518,
			"redirectIncidentId": null,
			"incidentName": "Email reported by user as malware or phish",
			"createdTime": "2020-09-06T12:07:55.1366667Z",
			"lastUpdateTime": "2020-09-06T12:07:55.32Z",
			"assignedTo": null,
			"classification": "Unknown",
			"determination": "NotAvailable",
			"status": "Active",
			"severity": "Informational",
			"tags": [],
			"alerts": [
				{
					"alertId": "faf8edc936-85f8-a603-b800-08d8525cf099",
					"incidentId": 924518,
					"serviceSource": "OfficeATP",
					"creationTime": "2020-09-06T12:07:54.3716642Z",
					"lastUpdatedTime": "2020-09-06T12:37:40.88Z",
					"resolvedTime": null,
					"firstActivity": "2020-09-06T12:04:00Z",
					"lastActivity": "2020-09-06T12:04:00Z",
					"title": "Email reported by user as malware or phish",
					"description": "This alert is triggered when any email message is reported as malware or phish by users -V1.0.0.2",
					"category": "InitialAccess",
					"status": "InProgress",
					"severity": "Informational",
					"investigationId": null,
					"investigationState": "Queued",
					"classification": null,
					"determination": null,
					"detectionSource": "OfficeATP",
					"assignedTo": "Automation",
					"actorName": null,
					"threatFamilyName": null,
					"mitreTechniques": [],
					"devices": [],
					"entities": [
						{
							"entityType": "MailBox",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": "testUser3@contoso.com",
							"mailboxDisplayName": "test User3",
							"mailboxAddress": "testUser3@contoso.com",
							"clusterBy": null,
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						},
						{
							"entityType": "MailBox",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": "testUser4@contoso.com",
							"mailboxDisplayName": "test User4",
							"mailboxAddress": "test.User4@contoso.com",
							"clusterBy": null,
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						},
						{
							"entityType": "MailMessage",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": "test.User4@contoso.com",
							"mailboxDisplayName": null,
							"mailboxAddress": null,
							"clusterBy": null,
							"sender": "user.abc@mail.contoso.co.in",
							"recipient": "test.User4@contoso.com",
							"subject": "[EXTERNAL] Attention",
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						},
						{
							"entityType": "MailCluster",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": null,
							"mailboxDisplayName": null,
							"mailboxAddress": null,
							"clusterBy": "Subject;P2SenderDomain;ContentType",
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						},
						{
							"entityType": "MailCluster",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": null,
							"mailboxDisplayName": null,
							"mailboxAddress": null,
							"clusterBy": "Subject;SenderIp;ContentType",
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						},
						{
							"entityType": "MailCluster",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
							"processCreationTime": null,
							"parentProcessId": null,
							"parentProcessCreationTime": null,
							"ipAddress": null,
							"url": null,
							"accountName": null,
							"domainName": null,
							"userSid": null,
							"aadUserId": null,
							"userPrincipalName": null,
							"mailboxDisplayName": null,
							"mailboxAddress": null,
							"clusterBy": "BodyFingerprintBin1;P2SenderDomain;ContentType",
							"sender": null,
							"recipient": null,
							"subject": null,
							"deliveryAction": null,
							"securityGroupId": null,
							"securityGroupName": null,
							"registryHive": null,
							"registryKey": null,
							"registryValueType": null,
							"registryValue": null,
							"deviceId": null
						},
						{
							"entityType": "MailCluster",
							"sha1": null,
							"sha256": null,
							"fileName": null,
							"filePath": null,
							"processId": null,
							"processCommandLine": null,
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		},
		...
	]
}