How to Use a PowerShell Script to Create the Recovery Image

To create the DaRT recovery image by using a PowerShell script

You can create the Microsoft Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset (DaRT) 10 recovery image by using a PowerShell script instead of using the DaRT 10 Recovery Image wizard. See the following example script.

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This script was auto generated by the Microsoft DaRT Recovery Image Wizard.``###``This script uses the DISM and DaRT PowerShell commands to create a bootable DaRT image.``###Both a WIM and ISO file are produced.``###``### Examples of how to burn/copy the DaRT ISO to DVD/USB are available at the end of this script.``###

$ErrorActionPreference = "Stop";``### This variable tells PowerShell to stop if an error occurs.

###``### Import the modules necessary for DaRT Image creation.``###

Import-Module "Dism"Import-Module "Microsoft.Dart"

###``### Specifies where the Windows 10 media is located and where the ISO and WIM files will be saved.``### These can be changed as necessary.``###

$Win10MediaPath = "D:\";``### This is the path of the Windows 10 media.``$DestinationWimPath = "C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\DaRT10\x64\boot.wim";``### Specify where the WIM file will be saved.``$DestinationIsoPath = "C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\DaRT10\x64\DaRT10.iso";``### Specify where the ISO will be saved.

###``### These variables are used to specify temporary and output directories based on the paths above.``###

$WimParentPath = (Split-Path -Path "$destinationWimPath" -Parent);``### Specify the directory where the DaRT WIM file will be saved.``$IsoParentPath = (Split-Path -Path "$destinationIsoPath" -Parent);``### This is the directory where the DaRT ISO file will be saved.``$TempMountPath = "$env:temp\DaRT10Mount_$(Get-Random)";``### Specify the temporary directory used to mount the Windows image.

###``### Prepare the windows image.``###

### Guarantee the output directories exists.``New-Item -Path $WimParentPath -Type Directory -Force``New-Item -Path $IsoParentPath -Type Directory -Force``New-Item -Path $TempMountPath -Type Directory -Force

### Create a copy of the WIM and remove the read-only attribute.``### The WIM file will be the resulting dart image.``Copy-Item "$Win10MediaPath\sources\boot.wim" $DestinationWimPath -Force``Set-ItemProperty $DestinationWimPath -Name IsReadOnly -Value $false

### Mount the bootable image within the WIM file (normally index 2).``Mount-WindowsImage -ImagePath $DestinationWimPath -Path $TempMountPath -Index 2

###``### Add additional drivers to the image.``###

###``### Installs the specified driver(s) into the image.``###

Add-WindowsDriver -Path $TempMountPath -Driver "C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository``\xusb22.inf_amd64_89c20c625f14f923\xusb22.inf" -ForceUnsigned

###``### Add additional drivers to the image.``###

###``### Installs the specified WinPE package(s) into the image.``###

Add-WindowsPackage -Path $TempMountPath -PackagePath "C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10.0\Assessment and Deployment Kit\Windows Preinstallation Environment\amd64\WinPE_OCs\WinPE-Scripting.cab"``Add-WindowsPackage -Path $TempMountPath -PackagePath "C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10.0\Assessment and Deployment Kit\Windows Preinstallation Environment\amd64\WinPE_OCs\WinPE-FMAPI.cab"``Add-WindowsPackage -Path $TempMountPath -PackagePath "C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10.0\Assessment and Deployment Kit\Windows Preinstallation Environment\amd64\WinPE_OCs\en-us\WinPE-Scripting_en-us.cab"``Add-WindowsPackage -Path $TempMountPath -PackagePath "C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10.0\Assessment and Deployment Kit\Windows Preinstallation Environment\amd64\WinPE_OCs\WinPE-HTA.cab"``Add-WindowsPackage -Path $TempMountPath -PackagePath "C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10.0\Assessment and Deployment Kit\Windows Preinstallation Environment\amd64\WinPE_OCs\en-us\WinPE-HTA_en-us.cab"

###``### Add the DaRT tools to the image.``### The New-DartConfiguration cmdlet is used to specify how the DaRT image is configured.``### Modify this statement to configure how the DaRT tools will be applied to the image.``###

$config = New-DartConfiguration -AddComputerManagement -AddCrashAnalyzer -AddDiskCommander -AddExplorer -AddFileRestore -AddFileSearch -AddHotfixUninstall -AddRegistryEditor -AddRemoteConnection -AddSfcScan -AddSolutionWizard -AddTcpConfig -RemoteMessage "Test welcome message" -RemotePort 3388 -ScratchSpace 512``$config | Set-DartImage -Path $TempMountPath

###``### Perform any manual user-specific customizations here.``###

# Read-Host -Prompt "Script is paused for any manual customization. Press ENTER to continue"

### Save the changes to the WIM file by dismounting the image.``Dismount-WindowsImage -Path $TempMountPath -Save

### Create a bootable DaRT ISO.``Export-DartImage -IsoPath $DestinationIsoPath -WimPath $DestinationWimPath

### The following is an example of how to burn the ISO to a writeable CD/DVD.``### Specify the correct drive letter and uncomment the statement to burn an ISO.``# Copy-DartImage -IsoPath $DestinationIsoPath -Drive "G:" -Type DVD

### Removes all temporary files.``Remove-Item $TempMountPath -Force -Recurse

Administering DaRT 10 Using PowerShell