Microsoft Edge Privacy Whitepaper
Our browser privacy promise is to provide you with the protection, transparency, control, and respect you deserve. To uphold commitments to give you transparency into Microsoft products, the Microsoft Edge team provides this privacy whitepaper. It explains how Microsoft Edge features and services work and how each may affect your privacy. The goal of the Microsoft Edge team is to give you a full understanding of how your data is used, how to control the different features, and how to manage your collected data. After reading this document, you will have the information needed to make the right privacy decisions for you.
This document provides links to go to Microsoft Edge settings and other pages. The shortcuts URLs start with
edge:// such as
edge://settings/privacy. To go to the pages, type the bolded text directly into the Microsoft Edge address bar. The pages are only viewable in Microsoft Edge.
This whitepaper focuses on the desktop version of Microsoft Edge. Parts of the document may include features or experiences that aren't available for all users. This whitepaper also discusses features and services that exist in the product today, but subject to change in the future. Microsoft practices data collection minimization. Your data is kept for the minimum amount of time. Retention times vary depending on the feature or service and may change over time.
Address bar and suggestions
The address bar allows you to enter website URLs and search the web. By default, the address bar provides search and site suggestions using the characters you type. Suggestions come from your favorites, browsing history, previous searches, and default search provider.
To speed up browsing and searching, characters you type into the address bar are sent to your default search provider. The search provider returns suggested search queries.
The address bar categorizes entries as a URL, search, or unknown. This information, along with which suggestion you select, position of selection, and other address bar data is sent to your default search provider.
If your search provider is Bing, a resettable identifier unique to your browser is sent with the data. It helps Bing understand the search query and query session. Other autosuggest service identifiers are sent to your default search engine to complete the search suggestions. Your IP address and cookies are sent to your default search provider to increase the relevance of the search results.
When you select the address bar, a signal is sent to your default search provider. The signal tells the provider to prepare suggestions. The typed characters and search queries aren't sent to Microsoft unless your search provider is Bing. To enable sending data to your default search provider, go to
edge://settings/privacy. In Services, select Address bar and turn on the Show me search and site suggestions using my typed characters setting. If you turn off the setting, your typed characters are no longer sent to your default search provider. Your search queries are still sent to your default search provider to provide search results.
If Microsoft Edge detects typing in the address bar that might contain sensitive information, it does not send the typed text. Sensitive information includes authentication credentials, local file names, or URL data that is normally encrypted.
You can configure Microsoft Edge to collect diagnostic data about the address bar. Collected data includes the number of offered queries for all search providers. Go to
edge://settings/privacy. In Personalize your web experience turn on the Improve your web experience by allowing Microsoft to use your browsing history from this account for personalizing advertising, search, news, and other Microsoft services setting.
Typed characters and the websites you visit are stored locally on the device per profile. To delete the data, go to
edge://settings/clearBrowserData. In the Clear browsing data window, select the Browsing history checkbox, and select the Clear now button.
If Bing is your default search provider and you are signed in, you may delete your searches through the Microsoft Privacy dashboard. You can clear your browsing history and delete websites from appearing as suggestions in the address bar. Go to
edge://history, and select Clear browsing data. You can delete the data Microsoft collects from the address bar and search suggestions features on Windows 10 and later. Open Start > Settings > Privacy > Diagnostics & feedback. In Delete diagnostic data, select Delete. All other data is deleted after 36 months.
Account-specific search functions are available if you are signed in to Microsoft Edge with a Microsoft work or school account, and Microsoft Search is available. Microsoft may send an anonymous token with your query, to provide account-specific functions, such as results specific to your company.
All data is transmitted securely over HTTPS. If Bing is your default search provider, the searches and typed characters are saved for up to six months.
If you search for a single word in the address box, Microsoft Edge may send the single word to your DNS server. Sending a single word is a check to see whether it corresponds to a host on your network. If so, Microsoft Edge may try to connect to the corresponding host. This option lets you go to the specific host instead of searching. For example, if your router uses the hostname
router and you type
router in the address bar, you can go to
https://router, or search for the word
router. The feature is not controlled by the Show me search and site suggestions using my typed characters setting because it does not involve sending data to your default search engine.
You can control whether or not typed characters are sent to your default search provider. Go to
edge://settings/search. Toggle the Show me search and site suggestions using my typed characters setting.
You can change your default search engine. Go to
edge://settings/search. Select the Search engine used in the address bar dropdown menu. If you are browsing while using InPrivate or Guest mode, your autosuggestions are turned off. InPrivate shows suggestions from your local browsing, such as browsing history and past searches. No typed characters are sent to your default search engine. Guest mode does not display any suggestions or send typed characters to your default search engine.
Autofill in Microsoft Edge lets you save form entry data. Form entry data includes passwords, payment information, addresses, and other data such as birthdays. When you visit a site and start to fill out a form, Microsoft Edge uses form fill information to match your saved autofill data to the form. Microsoft Edge offers form entry data you previously saved when you open similar forms. Passwords and credit card information are only saved with your explicit permission for each password and card.
Addresses and other form entries are saved by default. To control saving and autofill of address and other form data, go to
edge://settings/profiles. Select Personal info and toggle the Save and fill personal info setting.
You can prevent Microsoft Edge from prompting you to save passwords. Go to
edge://settings/passwords. Toggle off the Offer to save passwords setting. You can prevent Microsoft Edge from using autofill for saved passwords and delete saved passwords. Go to
edge://settings/passwords and select Saved passwords. To delete all autofill data, go to
edge://settings/clearBrowserData, select Autofill form data, select the desired time range, and then select Clear now.
If you are signed in and syncing, your autofill data is synced across all versions of Microsoft Edge where you are signed in with the same credentials. When syncing, all autofill data is stored on encrypted Microsoft servers. The autofill data stored on Microsoft servers is used only for sync purposes. You can turn off syncing of your autofill data. Go to
edge://settings/profiles/sync and turn off the Basic info toggle. If sync is on for autofill, deleting autofill data from a device while you are signed in to Microsoft Edge removes the data from all other devices that you are signed in to with the same credentials.
When you visit a webpage and submit a form, Microsoft Edge sends information about the form to the Microsoft form fill service. This information includes a hash of the hostname and autofill entry types. For example, text box 1 expects an email address, text box 2 expects a password, and so on. No user-entered information or user identifiers are sent to the service. The information helps Microsoft Edge correctly identify forms across different webpages. The data is used to help match your saved autofill data to the form.
In Guest mode, autofill is not available and new autofill entries aren't added. For InPrivate mode, Microsoft Edge offers autofill entries, but new autofill entries aren't added.
Cast in Microsoft Edge lets you display your media to another screen using Google Cast. To access Cast, open Settings and more (...) > More tools > Cast media to device. Cast relies on the Media Router extension not automatically installed with Microsoft Edge. When you first use Cast, Microsoft Edge prompts for permission to install the Media Router extension.
Select restart to install the Media Router extensions from the Chrome Web Store. On startup and at regular intervals, Microsoft Edge sends update requests to the Chrome Web Store. Update requests include basic data about your version of Microsoft Edge. Regular update requests keep the Media Router extension up to date.
Google may collect some data associated with the Media Router extension. To uninstall the Media Router extension, go to
edge://flags#edge-on-demand-media-router and change the setting. Uninstalling also stops updates from the Chrome Web Store. The extension is hidden and does not appear on the Installed extensions list. For the Installed extensions list, go to
You may collect sites, text, and images from the web, and organize the content with Collections in Microsoft Edge. All collections data is stored locally on the device and organized per Microsoft Edge profile. If you have sync turned on for Collections, your collections, notes, and comments are available across all signed-in and syncing versions of Microsoft Edge.
Every 24 hours, Microsoft Edge downloads a list of supported sites that have special entity extraction templates. The templates are specific to each website. When you create a new item in your collection, Microsoft Edge verifies that the site you are collecting from is in the list of supported sites. If the site is in the list, Microsoft Edge pings the entity extraction service for the template of the specific site. No user identifiers are associated with the request to the service. The template attempts to identify the name, price, ratings, primary image, and other data about the item being collected. If the site you are collecting from is not on the supported list site, Microsoft Edge does not download a template. Templates allow collection items to be created locally on the device. No data about the collection items are sent to the service when creating the collection.
You can delete templates stored on the device and clear the cache data. Go to
edge://settings/privacy. In Clear browsing data next to Clear browsing data now, select the Choose what to clear button. Choose your desired time range and type of data, then select the Clear now button. Another way to delete cached data, go to
edge://settings/clearBrowserData select the desired time range and type of data, then select the Clear now button.
You can use the title of your collection to find relevant Pinterest Topic pages when searching in Microsoft Bing. Go to
edge://settings/privacy. Turn on the Show suggestions from Pinterest in Collections setting. Microsoft Edge does not send data about your collections to Pinterest. You can remove the suggestions and stop searches for Pinterest Topic pages. Go to
edge://settings/privacy and turn off the Show suggestions from Pinterest in Collections setting.
Collections aren't available when using InPrivate or Guest modes.
If optional diagnostic data, including crash reports, are turned on, diagnostic data is collected when Microsoft Edge crashes or closes unexpectedly. The diagnostic data is used to diagnose and fix problems with Microsoft Edge and other Microsoft products and services.
Collected diagnostic data is in the form of crash dumps, which contain device and software state captured at the time Microsoft Edge crashed or closed. The crash dump contains information about what was happening at the time of the problem. Information such as the website you were visiting at the time of the crash or your CPU usage may be included in the diagnostic data. If crash reporting is turned on, the crash dump is stored locally on the device and sent to Microsoft using an encrypted link.
Each crash dump contains an identifier unique to the device and a resettable identifier unique to your browser. It also includes extra diagnostic data such as the URL, CPU usage, and network usage, to help identify the problem. The extra diagnostic data helps Microsoft determine how many devices are encountering the problem and the severity.
Crash dumps are stored on secure Microsoft servers for up to 30 days, and then deleted. You can request to delete the diagnostic data on Windows 10 and later devices. Open Start > Settings > Privacy > Diagnostics & feedback. In Delete diagnostic data, select Delete. Collected crash information, such as a count of crash types, are stored for reporting and product improvement purposes.
You can clear the crash diagnostic data stored locally on a device. Go to
edge://crashes and select the Clear all button.
To turn off crash diagnostic data collection on Windows 10 and later, open Start > Settings > Privacy and select Diagnostics & feedback. For versions of Microsoft Edge on all other platforms, go to
edge://settings/privacy and turn off the Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports setting. You can manage diagnostic data collection at the enterprise level. See group policies managed by your organization.
Microsoft Edge Developer Tools help with website debugging and testing. Open Settings and more (...) > More tools and select Developer tools. When you turn on certain features in Developer Tools, Microsoft Edge requests modules from Microsoft servers and downloads them to your device. The request is sent over a secure HTTPS connection and contains a non-unique identifier representing the version of Microsoft Edge. Specific experiences that require remote download include 3D View and the Elements tool Accessibility pane. Webhint integration requires a remote module that is automatically requested when you open Developer Tools.
Microsoft uses diagnostic data to improve products and services. Diagnostic data is also used to keep products secure, up to date, and performing as expected. Microsoft believes in and practices information collection minimization. We strive to gather only the information we need, and to store it for only as long as needed to improve products and services.
Microsoft Edge collects a set of required diagnostic data needed to keep the product secure, up to date, and performing properly. The required diagnostic data includes device connectivity, configuration information, software setup, and inventory. Microsoft uses this diagnostic data to troubleshoot issues and keep Microsoft products and services reliable, secure, and operating normally. For more information about diagnostic data on managed devices, see Configure Windows diagnostic data in your organization and Microsoft Edge diagnostic data group policy.
You may also choose to share optional diagnostic data. As you use Microsoft Edge features and services, or other applications that use the Microsoft Edge web platform, Microsoft Edge sends optional diagnostic data about how you use those features and the websites you visit. With your permission, this optional diagnostic data is sent to Microsoft to improve products and services for everyone. This data is not collected or stored with your Microsoft account.
Optional diagnostic data includes feature usage, performance data, site load times, memory usage, and websites you visit. For example, if you choose a website as a favorite, optional diagnostic data is sent. It includes that the favorite button was selected, and a favorite was successfully added, but not which site was set as a favorite.
Information about websites you visit in Microsoft Edge helps us understand how quickly sites load and increases the relevance of search results for all users. The data includes information about the website such as the URL of the page you visit, website metrics, title of the page, how you accessed the page, information about the content of the page, and other relevant information about the page navigation.
Diagnostic data is sent using HTTPS and stored on Microsoft servers. On Windows devices, diagnostic data is sent with an identifier unique to your device. On other devices, the diagnostic data is associated with a resettable identifier unique to your browser. The identifier is randomly generated and does not contain your personal information.
The Microsoft Edge team respects the sensitivity of diagnostic data by restricting data access or removing personal information. To reset the identifier unique to your browser on Windows 10 and later devices, select Start > Settings > Privacy > Diagnostics & feedback, and then select Delete under Delete diagnostic data, or change your setting under Diagnostic data from Full to Basic or turn off Optional diagnostic data.
On other platforms, to generate a new resettable identifier (ID) that is unique to your browser, go to
edge://settings/privacy and turn off the Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports setting. The reset (ID) functionality may be different for devices managed with group policies set by your organization.
If you're using Windows 10 version 1803 (April 2018 Update) or later, to view product data shared with Microsoft in the Diagnostic Data Viewer, select Start > Settings > Privacy > Diagnostics & feedback, and then select Open Diagnostic Data Viewer under View diagnostic data.
For other platforms or versions of Windows 10 version 1803 and earlier, go to
edge://data-viewer to view diagnostic data. To view the data that's periodically sent to Microsoft since the last time the viewer was opened, go to
edge://data-viewer. To see what data has been sent to Microsoft for your specific session, refresh the viewer. The data used to populate
edge://data-viewer is stored locally on the device. To clear the data in the viewer, close the
To help us improve Microsoft products and services, diagnostic data is aggregated, with personal identifiers removed, and stored for up to two years. Because the diagnostic data is not collected from or stored with your Microsoft account, the diagnostic data may not be viewed or deleted from your Microsoft privacy dashboard. To delete the diagnostic data on Windows 10 and later, select Start > Settings > Privacy > Diagnostics & feedback, and then select Delete under Delete diagnostic data. The delete diagnostic data functionality is only supported on Windows 10 version 1803 or later. For more information, see Diagnostics, feedback, and privacy in Windows 10 and later.
For Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 and later, sending Optional diagnostic data is determined by your Windows diagnostic data setting. The setting is reflected in
edge://settings/privacy. Change the Windows settings by going to Start > Settings > Privacy > Diagnostics & feedback. On all other platforms, to control the collection of diagnostic data, go to
edge://settings/privacy and turn on or off Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports. The setting is used for all profiles associated with the installation of Microsoft Edge on your device. The setting is not synced across devices. The setting applies to InPrivate browsing and Guest mode. Information about websites you visit is never sent while browsing InPrivate or in Guest mode. If your device is managed with group policies set by your organization, it is described in
Digital Rights Management and Media Licenses
When a website offers media content that is protected by Digital Rights Management (DRM), Microsoft Edge uses a secure playback pipeline to make sure the content is not improperly viewed or copied. As part of the feature, Microsoft Edge may store DRM-related data on your device, including a unique identifier and media licenses. Microsoft Edge may also transmit the unique identifier to a media licensing server specified by the content provider. When you use the website, Microsoft Edge retrieves the DRM information to make sure you have permission to use the content. The data helps to validate access to the protected content and ensure a seamless media experience.
Microsoft Edge supports DRM using the Encrypted Media Extensions API (EME API) for HTML5 sites. The EME API allows websites to communicate with a DRM provider called a Content Decryption Module (CDM). Different DRM systems, such as Widevine by Google or PlayReady by Microsoft, may be supported by the CDM implementation of the developer. Content providers may choose to support one or more potential DRM systems. Providers may use the function of the EME API to decide which DRM system to use for a specific client. For more information about EME privacy, see Encrypted Media Extensions Privacy.
Microsoft Edge supports PlayReady DRM only on Windows 10 and later. PlayReady is a DRM implementation to deliver media experiences such as 4K video and Dolby Atmos audio. Microsoft Edge uses the Windows Platform Media Foundation APIs to support PlayReady. To validate access to protected content, Microsoft Edge uses the Windows 10 or Windows 11 operating system. Windows uses a unique identifier (ID) and communicates the ID with the PlayReady service. All EME, CDM, and browser data for PlayReady that persists on the device is stored and maintained on Microsoft Edge. For more information about PlayReady, see Simple End to End System.
Microsoft Edge supports Widevine by Google DRM and the option is on by default. Microsoft Edge periodically fetches updates for Widevine from Google servers. The use of Widevine may include communications to Google. To opt-out of using Widevine in Microsoft Edge, go to
Microsoft Edge supports the Flash Access DRM by Adobe, which is used by some sites instead of HTML5. You are prompted to allow Adobe Flash when a site requests it. When a site uses the Flash Access DRM by Adobe, Microsoft Edge gives Adobe access to a unique device identifier. You can clear and reset any locally stored instances of the identifier. Go to
edge://settings/privacy. In Clear browsing data. select Choose what to clear, select the checkbox for Cookies and other site data, and select Clear now to remove any stored identifiers. To stop Adobe Flash DRM from ever being used, go to
When you request access to encrypted HTML5 media such as an online movie, Microsoft Edge creates a license request to decrypt the media. The CDM in use creates the license request containing a request ID. The request is sent to the license server. No part of the license request contains any personal data, and the license request is not stored on the device.
When returning the media license, a media identifier is created which is unique to the user and the site. The ID is not shared between sites and is different for each site. A session ID, used to identify a playback session, is sent with the media identifier to decrypt the media. The media identifier is stored locally on the device and may be stored with the content provider.
To control DRM and content protections, go to
edge://settings/content/protectedContent. Toggle the Allow sites to play protected content (recommended) and Allow identifiers for protected content (computer restart may be required) settings.
- The Allow sites to play protected content setting controls playback for CDM-based DRM systems such as PlayReady and Widevine, but not for non-CDM-based systems like Flash Access DRM. To manage Flash site permissions, go to
edge://settings/content/flash. Turning off the setting causes media functions to stop working properly.
- Turning off the Allow identifiers for protected content setting prevents the creation of identifiers for Flash Access DRM and prevents Widevine from periodically fetching updates from Google. Turning off the setting may cause media functions on some sites to stop working properly.
Do Not Track
You can enable Do Not Track on Microsoft Edge. Go to
edge://settings/privacy. Turn on the Send "Do Not Track" requests setting. If you enable the Do Not Track feature, Microsoft Edge sends a
DNT:1 HTTP header with your outgoing HTTP, HTTPS, and SPDY browsing traffic requests. This feature tells websites you visit not to use trackers. However, enabling the Send "Do Not Track" requests setting does not guarantee that the websites aren't able to track you. Some sites may honor the request by showing you ads not based on any previous browsing. Microsoft Edge does not control whether or not the request is honored. You can help prevent websites from tracking you. Go to
edge://settings/privacy. Change the Tracking prevention setting to Balanced or Strict.
When you use Guest mode, Microsoft Edge does not send Do Not Track requests. When you use InPrivate browsing, Microsoft Edge only sends Do Not Track requests if the Send "Do Not Track" requests setting is turned on for the profile you are using.
Microsoft Edge lets you download files safely and securely. To choose where files are downloaded on your device, go to
edge://settings/downloads. If SmartScreen is enabled, information about your file, such as the file name and URL, are sent to SmartScreen to check the reputation of the file. The reputation check helps you avoid accidentally downloading known malware that is known to hurt your device. To change SmartScreen settings, go to
edge://settings/privacy and toggle SmartScreen. For more information about SmartScreen, see the SmartScreen section.
To view the history of your previous downloads, go to
edge://downloads. To clear your browsing data and delete your download history, go to
edge://settings/clearBrowserData. Deleting your download history from Microsoft Edge does not remove the files from your device. Deleting downloaded files from your device does not remove the files from your download history. When you use InPrivate browsing or Guest mode, the download history from the session is cleared when you close the InPrivate or Guest windows. The files remain saved on the device.
Extensions and Microsoft Edge Add-ons
You may install extensions in Microsoft Edge to add functions to the browser. When you install an extension from the Microsoft Edge Add-ons website or another extension store, Microsoft collects information about the extension to help developers and Microsoft understand how the extension is used. Microsoft Edge collects aggregated data including the number of times an extension was downloaded and information about how it is performing, such as crash data. Microsoft shares the aggregated data with the developers of the extension.
Comments and reviews from users are public on the Add-ons website and are also shared with the developers. If you are signed in to Microsoft Edge, installed extensions from the Microsoft Edge Add-ons website are associated with your account to provide extension recommendations. The data is used in aggregate to understand the popularity of extensions.
You can sync extensions and preferences across all your signed-in syncing versions of Microsoft Edge. Go to
edge://settings/profiles/sync, and select the Sign in to sync data button.
Installing extensions is optional. To uninstall any extension at any time, go to
Extensions are updated using the Microsoft Edge update service. Microsoft Edge sends a list of installed extensions to the update service to check for updates. If you install an extension from the Chrome Web Store, requests are sent to the Chrome Web Store at regular intervals to check for extension updates. The extension identifier, extension version, and information about Microsoft Edge are included in the request for updates. You can stop requests to the Chrome Web Store. Go to
edge://extensions. Turn off the From other sources toggle to uninstall extensions.
You can import extensions from other browsers like Google Chrome. If an imported extension is available in the Microsoft Edge Add-ons website, Microsoft Edge automatically installs the extension from the Microsoft Edge Add-ons website. If you previously had the extension turned on, Microsoft Edge automatically turns it on for you.
If an extension is not available from the Microsoft Edge Add-ons website, Microsoft Edge locally copies and installs your extension from Google Chrome without turning it on or connecting to the Chrome Web Store. Microsoft Edge asks for your permission to turn on the extension and to allow extensions from other stores. If you granted permission, Microsoft Edge allows installation of extensions from other stores and updates to your extensions using the Chrome Web Store. You can control the option to allow extensions from other stores. Go to
edge://extensions. Toggle the Allow extensions from other stores setting.
Microsoft offers tools to help families stay connected and keep kids safer on Windows, Xbox, and Android devices running Microsoft Launcher.
Within a family group, there are family settings that should be enabled for children while using Microsoft Edge. The family group organizer must enable the settings for users in the group. The three main features offered to a family group are web filtering, activity reporting, and safe search.
Web filtering protects children in the family group from going to mature websites or websites blocked by the family organizer.
Activity reporting records information about the websites children visit. Records also include searches, screen time, devices used, and attempt to visit blocked sites. The family group organizer may see the information at family.microsoft.com. The data is collected, encrypted in transit, sent to Microsoft, and stored on secure Microsoft storage servers. The data is collected with the child's Microsoft account so it may be properly managed. Activity reports are stored on family.microsoft.com for up to 30 days and then deleted after.
Safe search adds a safe keyword to the header request to search engines. Bing reads the safe keyword and filters search results returned to the child. Other search engines may return filtered results due to the keyword. All of the child's searches are collected and made available for the family organizer to view in activity reports or at family.microsoft.com. The data is collected with the child's Microsoft account so it may be properly managed.
The child's browsing data is stored on secure Microsoft servers and made available to parents for up to 30 days, then immediately deleted. The data may be deleted at any time from the Microsoft privacy dashboard. To clear browsing data stored locally on a device, go to
edge://settings/clearBrowserData. Choose a Time range, select checkboxes as needed, then select Clear now.
Collecting child browsing data and sharing it with the family group organizer requires two things. 1.) The child must be signed in to Windows 10 and later with a Microsoft account. 2.) The activity reporting setting must be turned on by the family organizer. The child does not need to be signed in to Microsoft Edge to collect browsing data. If family safety features aren't available on your version of Windows, update to the most recent version of Windows.
Guest mode and InPrivate browsing aren't available if web filtering or activity reporting is turned on.
The family group organizer may stop the data collection from the family safety portal. For more information about Microsoft family safety features, see What is a Microsoft family group?
Find on Page
Find on Page allows you to search a web page for important keywords. Open Settings and more (...) > Find on Page. A search box will appear. Type any keyword or phrase into this search box and the page will highlight all locations on the page where your exact search term appears. You can then move through these terms with the Previous result and Next result buttons.
To help you find exactly what you're looking for, Microsoft Edge uses a Microsoft cloud service to find additional related matches for your search. This only happens when the Include related matches toggle in Find on Page is turned on.
If the Include related matches toggle is turned on, Microsoft Edge sends the text of the webpage, your search terms, and a service token to a Microsoft cloud service over a secure HTTPS connection. The service token doesn't contain any user-identifiable information. A Microsoft cloud service then processes the text to find results on the page that are related to your search. The webpage text and search terms sent to Microsoft are both deleted immediately after processing occurs. No data is stored for any period of time.
Related matches in Find on Page aren't available in InPrivate browsing.
To stop Microsoft Edge from finding related matches in Find on Page:
Select Settings and more (...) > Find on Page.
Turn off the Include related matches toggle.
While you browse the web, websites may request your device's location from Microsoft Edge. Data about your device's location can be either precise or imprecise. For example, a precise location is needed to provide driving directions to or from your specific location. An imprecise location may be used to provide search results, news, and weather relevant to your general area.
Microsoft Edge supports the Geolocation API, which allows websites to access your precise location with your permission. Microsoft Edge always asks for your permission before granting websites access to your precise location. To manage the site-specific permissions or to always block sites from accessing your precise location, go to
Microsoft Edge indicates when your precise location is being shared on the right side of the address bar.
You can allow Microsoft Edge to provide the requesting site with a precise location on Windows 10 and Windows 11. Open Start > Settings > Privacy > Location and turn on the Allow access to location on this device and Allow apps to access your location settings. These settings enable the Windows location service. When enabled, Microsoft services may also estimate your imprecise location via the Windows location service to provide locally relevant browsing experiences.
If you turn off the Allow access to location on this device and Allow apps to access your location settings, some sites may still estimate your location using other technologies (such as Bluetooth, WiFi, cellular modem, or IP address) with varying degrees of accuracy. With Windows location settings disabled, precise location experiences that you allow in Microsoft Edge may also be inaccurate. For more information about Windows location settings, see Windows location service and privacy.
Microsoft Edge doesn't store your geolocation coordinates. When making requests to the Windows location service, Microsoft Edge generates a new random ID for each request.
InPrivate browsing uses the precise location permission setting of the profile from which the InPrivate session was launched. Guest mode always asks you for permission before granting the site your precise location.
When browsing the web in Microsoft Edge, screen reader users may encounter images that are not annotated with alt text. Without alt text to describe these images, they are effectively invisible to screen reader users. When Image Descriptions is turned on, Microsoft Edge will detect these images without alt text and send them to Azure Cognitive Services to generate captions. The generated captions are then announced to screen reader users. Even when Get image descriptions from Microsoft for screen readers is turned on, images are only sent to the service when a screen reader (or other assistive technology) is connected to Microsoft Edge.
Only raw image data is sent to Azure Cognitive Services. Images are sent un-encrypted, to reduce latency. No user identifiers are included in the requests to the service. Images aren't stored or saved on Microsoft servers; images are discarded immediately after the captions are generated.
To control Image Descriptions, go to
edge://settings/accessibility. Toggle the Get image descriptions from Microsoft for screen readers setting.
Image Descriptions can be turned on for the current web page without enabling for all web pages. While using a screen reader, right-click the webpage, and select Get image descriptions from Microsoft > Just once. The current web page will be scanned for all images without alt text and send those to the service for descriptions. The Image Description feature will remain off for other pages and future browsing.
To provide a better browsing experience, Microsoft Edge offers Image Enhancement by improving color, lighting, contrast, and sharpness of images. When Image Enhancement is turned on, Microsoft Edge encrypts and transmits images to Microsoft servers to perform image enhancement. No user identifiers are included in the requests to the servers. The images are cached for 30 days to improve performance.
To control Image Enhancement, go to
edge://settings/privacy and turn on or off the Enhance images in Microsoft Edge setting.
Import browser data
Microsoft Edge offers an interactive and seamless experience when you launch the browser for the first time. You can import your browser data to Microsoft Edge from another browser. During import, you can either keep your existing data, or delete it and start fresh. The data includes your favorites, browsing history, autofill data, extensions, settings, and other browsing data.
Your browsing data from older versions of Microsoft Edge is automatically imported when you update Microsoft Edge. With your confirmation, Microsoft Edge imports browser data from other browsers such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Internet Explorer. Microsoft Edge imports data from your most used browser as defined by your operating system. Importing your data is completed locally on your device, and is stored locally, and is not sent to Microsoft unless you sign in and sync your browsing data.
You can import extensions from a different browser such as Google Chrome. If the extension is not available on the Microsoft Edge Add-ons website, Microsoft Edge imports a local copy and asks for permission before starting. The permissions for some of the extensions may have changed. To review the extension permissions, go to
To import data from another browser at any time, go to
Install and update
You may download and install Microsoft Edge on platforms such as Windows and macOS. Microsoft Edge uses the updater service to keep your version of Microsoft Edge up to date and secure.
When you install or update Microsoft Edge, device information is sent to Microsoft. Device information includes your release channel, basic hardware information, update identifiers, an identifier unique to your device, and a resettable identifier unique to your browser. The IP address of the device is sent to the updater service, but the last decimal is scrubbed for added privacy protection. During each browsing session, a new randomly generated token is created to install updated versions of Microsoft Edge. The token is not associated with any personal information and is only used for the installation and update process and to improve the updater service.
Microsoft Edge pings the Microsoft Edge updater service about the progress of installation and update. If an installation or update fails and crash reporting is turned on, a log is created and sent to Microsoft. For more information about sending crash reports to Microsoft, see the Crashes section. Microsoft collects information about how you downloaded Microsoft Edge, the success of the installation, and any uninstalls to better understand the success of Microsoft Edge downloads.
Automatic updates are turned on by default for all Microsoft Edge users. On all platforms, Microsoft Edge checks for updates on startup and periodically while running. On macOS devices, Microsoft AutoUpdate checks for updates for Microsoft products periodically as well. More controls and configurations are available for organizations. For more information about controls and configurations, see Update.
Internet Explorer mode
Microsoft Edge offers a simplified experience with the integration of Internet Explorer (IE). Microsoft Edge only supports IE 11, and IE mode is only available on Windows. The IE mode feature is available for organizations through group policies. The administrator chooses to open certain sites in IE mode in Microsoft Edge.
Microsoft Edge downloads the list of sites from a location defined by the administrator through a policy, and caches the file that determines which sites must be opened in IE mode. Depending on your Windows or IE 11 settings, Microsoft Edge collects diagnostic data about the use of IE mode. Collected data includes which sites users visit, performance data, reliability data, and feature usage data. On Windows 10 and later, the diagnostic data is collected according to your Windows Diagnostic data setting. On Windows 8.1, website information is collected if the user has opted into the Flip Ahead or Suggested Sites feature in IE. IE mode may not follow the same data collection settings in the Microsoft Edge Privacy settings.
If your administrator turned on Enterprise Site Discovery, browsing history data is collected periodically to help administrators review the sites that users visit and ensure that system upgrades continue to support those sites. For more information about Enterprise Site Discovery in IE11, see Collect data using Enterprise Site Discovery.
Non-enterprise users on Windows devices may also access IE mode. To turn on IE mode, go to
edge://settings/defaultBrowser and select the Allow sites to be reloaded in Internet Explorer mode setting. To open tabs in IE mode, open Settings and more (...) > More tools and select Reload in Internet Explorer mode. After you turn on IE mode, Microsoft Edge periodically requests a list of unsupported sites from a Microsoft service. The request is sent over HTTPS and does not contain any identifiers.
Internet Explorer browsing data is stored locally in Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer. To delete browsing data while browsing in IE mode, go to
edge://settings/privacy and clear the data from both Clear browsing data and Clear browsing data for Internet Explorer.
To provide a better browsing experience, Microsoft Edge offers to block advertisements from loading on sites that show intrusive or misleading ads. When Ads Blocking is turned on, Microsoft Edge periodically downloads from Microsoft servers the most recent list of sites that show intrusive or misleading ads and stores it locally on your device. No user identifiers are included in the download request. If you visit a site that is on the list, Microsoft Edge blocks all ads on the site and you should see the
Ads blocked message. To allow ads for the site, go to
edge://settings/content/ads and change the settings. Other than downloading the list of sites with intrusive ads, the Ads Blocking feature does not send additional information to Microsoft or request additional information from Microsoft while you are browsing the web.
The jump list in Microsoft Edge lets you easily find your most recently closed sites. Hover on the Microsoft Edge icon in the task bar and right-click. The last three closed tabs are stored locally for each profile. To delete sites from the jump list in Windows 10 and later, right-click the site, and then select Remove from this list.
You can clear or change the display of your recently closed tabs in the jump list. Go to
edge://settings/privacy, and select the Choose what to clear every time you close the browser setting. When using an InPrivate window, Microsoft Edge does not add closed tab information to the jump list. When using Guest mode, the jump list is not available. For more information about clearing your browsing data, see View and delete browser history in Microsoft Edge.
Kids Mode is a convenient browsing mode designed for kids inside Microsoft Edge. With the kid-friendly features and safety guardrails in place, Kids Mode is a great place for children to safely explore the web. Kids Mode includes features like custom browser themes, kid-friendly content, browsing based on an allowlist, Bing SafeSearch set to strict, and a password requirement to exit. Kids Mode doesn't require a child account or profile, therefore you aren't able to sign into Kids Mode.
Browsing in Kids Mode is limited to a default list of kid-friendly websites. Upon navigation, the website is compared to a local list of allowed websites. The websites visited in Kids Mode are not viewable on family.microsoft.com since the browsing in Kids Mode is not associated with any account. Allowed website exceptions may be added through the profile in which Kids Mode was launched. Those exceptions are synced to the profile in which Kids Mode was launched, if that user is signed in.
To enhance the Kids Mode experience, Microsoft Edge adds a safe keyword to the header request to Microsoft Bing and Microsoft News. The safe keyword helps filter out inappropriate search results and news. Kids Mode sets preferences for Microsoft Edge settings such as setting tracking prevention to Strict to block most trackers on websites. Clear browsing data on close has also been turned on which clears things like Cookies and other website data when Kids Mode closes. To clear browsing data at any time within Kids Mode, complete the following actions.
- Choose Settings > Privacy.
- Choose Choose what to clear.
Kids Mode does not collect data for personalization of the news feed or other Microsoft services. You may not change the privacy settings for Kids Mode. Other settings like Windows Defender SmartScreen and diagnostic data are configured according to the profile in which Kids Mode was launched. For more information about diagnostic data about how you use the browser and Windows Defender SmartScreen, see the Diagnostic Data and SmartScreen sections.
Microsoft Edge WebDriver
Microsoft Edge WebDriver allows developers to drive the Microsoft Edge browser using the WebDriver protocol. The Microsoft Edge WebDriver is an executable file
msedgedriver.exe separate from Microsoft Edge. Developers can call the driver from client code, such as a test script. By default, Microsoft Edge WebDriver sends diagnostic data such as the status of the New Session WebDriver command to Microsoft. To turn off the diagnostic data collection for Microsoft Edge WebDriver, set the
MSEDGEDRIVER_TELEMETRY_OPTOUT environment variable to
1. For more information about Microsoft Edge WebDriver, see Use WebDriver to automate Microsoft Edge automation.
Microsoft Edge uses a Microsoft network time service to track time from an external source such as a time server. At random intervals or when Microsoft Edge encounters an expired SSL certificate, Microsoft Edge may send requests to Microsoft to obtain the time from a trusted source. The requests occur more frequently if Microsoft Edge detects the system clock is inaccurate. A system clock inaccuracy happens if the user changes the time on the operating system and that conflicts with the correct time zone. The Microsoft network time service is used to get the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The requests contain no cookies or user identifiers, and no data is logged.
New tab page
Microsoft Edge provides an engaging and user-centric new tab page with a search box powered by Bing. Microsoft Edge also provides quick link tiles for the sites you visit most frequently, and relevant content from Microsoft News or Office 365. You can change the appearance of the new tab page by selecting the customize button. Your new tab page preferences are set for each profile and stored locally on your device. The preferences aren't synced across devices.
To speed up load times for the Microsoft Edge new tab page, the page may be loaded in the background. The content that is loaded might include cookies, if you allow cookies. You can turn off background loading for the Microsoft new tab page. Go to
edge://settings/newTabPage and turn off the Preload the new tab page for a faster experience setting.
To tailor content to your interactions and preferences, the new tab page in Microsoft Edge stores cookies with randomly generated identifiers on the device. A scrubbed version of your IP address is also used to tailor the content to your general region. TO clear the cookies that persist on your device, go to
To prevent ads from being personalized, see Ad settings on the Microsoft privacy dashboard. Turn off the See personalized ads in your browser setting. To turn off the quick link tiles, open customize button > Custom and turn off the Show quick links setting. Microsoft Edge uses your local browsing history to personalize the quick link tiles. You can delete or create new tiles. The data is only stored locally on the device, per profile.
The search box on the new tab page runs a Bing search based on the query you type. To automatically provide search suggestions and results, Microsoft Edge shares your typed characters, search query, IP address, and search identifiers with Bing. The search box may be configured with group policies to provide search results from Microsoft Search. The results can include information from your organization such as documents and intranet content. To provide an integrated search experience, Microsoft Edge stores cookies locally on the device.
If you are signed in to Microsoft Edge with your Microsoft account, you may manage your browsing activity associated with the new tab page from the Microsoft privacy dashboard.
Microsoft Edge collects diagnostic data about how you use the new tab page, such as interactions with the search box and selections on quick link tiles. To enable collection of diagnostic data about how you use the new tab page, go to
edge://settings/privacy and turn on the Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports setting. The browser sends diagnostic data about how you use the Microsoft News page to Microsoft to help understand user interactions with news content and improve Microsoft products. You may turn off Microsoft News content by selecting the customize button on the new tab page. News data is sent to Microsoft using HTTPS and stored for up to 13 months, after which it is aggregated and the personal identifiers are removed.
The new tab page also lets you set a custom image as the background. The image is stored locally on the device and may be deleted by removing the image or uploading a new image. No information about the image is sent to Microsoft.
If you are signed in to Microsoft Edge with a work or school account, your organization may turn on Office 365 as an option for page content on the new tab page. The feature is currently available only for commercial customers, under the Microsoft Online Services Terms (OST). For more information about privacy for Office 365, see Overview of privacy controls for Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise.
InPrivate browsing and Guest mode offer alternative new tab page experiences.
Microsoft Edge lets you pick up your browsing where you left off. It opens your last open tabs from your previous browsing session, including session cookies. This feature remains available on startup to restore tabs from your previous session and keep you signed in to sites you visited. You can configure Microsoft to edge display the open tabs from your previous browsing session. Go to
edge://settings/onStartup and turn on the Continue where you left off setting. If you select the Continue where you left off setting and clear browsing data each time you close the browser, the data you specified is deleted but the URL persists for the next session.
You may set Microsoft Edge to open specific pages on startup. The pages you specify are stored locally on your device and are profile-specific. If you turned on sync for settings, the specified pages are synced across all versions of Microsoft Edge where you are signed-in. To enable syncing your settings, go to
edge://settings/profiles/sync and turn on Settings.
InPrivate and Guest mode tabs aren't restored on startup.
Microsoft Edge is committed to keeping you safe on the web. If you are signed in to Microsoft Edge, Password Monitor alerts you if your credentials have been exposed in a third-party data breach. If Password Monitor is turned on, your saved credentials are hashed and encrypted locally on your device.
Saved credentials are sent to Microsoft servers over HTTPS, and compared against an encrypted list of known breached credentials. Your account identifier is securely sent along with your hashed and encrypted credentials to the Password Monitor service.
If a credential is found in the list of known breached credentials, Microsoft sends an encrypted response back to your version of Microsoft Edge. The message warns you that your credential was detected as part of a hack or breach. No data is stored on Microsoft servers after the check is complete.
The feature is only available for users signed in to Microsoft Edge. Microsoft Edge asks for your permission to turn on Password Monitor. To manage Password Monitor, go to
Microsoft Edge helps you be more productive by letting you save your payment info to your browser profile and offering to automatically fill in payment forms with the info when you need it while browsing. When you encounter a similar payment form, Microsoft Edge offers to fill in the form with the saved info. Credit cards and other payment info is only saved with your explicit permission.
Microsoft Edge asks you if you want to store your payment info if payment autofill is turned on. The info is encrypted locally on your device. To delete saved payment information, go to
edge://settings/payments. When you delete saved payment info, the info no longer appears as an autofill suggestion. To not save any payment information, go to
edge://settings/payments and turn off the feature.
Microsoft Edge lets you save your payment information to your browser profile. Microsoft Edge offers to automatically fill in payment forms when needed. Whenever you encounter a similar payment form, Microsoft Edge offers to fill in the form. Credit card and other payment information are only saved with your explicit permission.
Microsoft Edge asks you if you want to store your payment information if payment autofill is turned on. The information is encrypted locally on your device. To manage payment information, go to
edge://settings/payments. When you delete saved payment information, it no longer appears as an autofill suggestion.
Microsoft Edge supports the PaymentRequest API. The API lets you pay for purchases with payment information you previously saved using autofill. The PaymentRequest API allows the merchant to request the following information: credit card number, credit card expiration, full name, billing address, email address, phone number, and shipping address. The API tells the merchant that you have credit card information saved, but does not share any information with the merchant unless you allow it. To turn off the Payments feature, go to
If you previously saved payment information to your Microsoft account, it is also available for autofill in the browser. Payment information stored in your Microsoft account syncs across devices. If you previously made any Xbox or Microsoft Store purchases, you may already have payment information saved to your Microsoft account. During payment autofill, a card from your Microsoft account is masked and is only fully revealed after two-factor authentication. The masking provides added security when retrieving your payment information.
The feature is only available for users with a non-child Microsoft account. The feature is not available for users signed into Microsoft Edge with a work or school account.
If you allow personalization, the Microsoft Edge team collects and uses your Microsoft Edge browsing history to personalize experiences and advertising on Bing, Microsoft News, and other Microsoft services. Personalization provides more relevant and useful search results, ads, and news content. For example, if the Microsoft Edge team determines based on your browsing that you prefer a particular store, the ads you see may be for that store. Similarly, if you frequently look at travel blogs and read travel articles, your news feed may include news content about traveling.
The personalization feature is only available for users with a non-child Microsoft account. The feature is not available for users signed in to Microsoft Edge with a work or school account.
Your browsing history is collected and used for personalization only if all four conditions are met.
- You are signed in to a non-child Microsoft account.
- You gave permission for the collection and use of the data for personalization.
- Your group policies managed by an organization (employer, school, and so on) allow personalization.
- You not using the browser in Guest or InPrivate modes.
Your browsing history and other data are transferred over HTTPS and attached to your Microsoft account information. Your browsing history is stored on secure Microsoft servers. You may view and delete previously shared browsing history by going to the Microsoft privacy dashboard. Your browsing history is stored on secure Microsoft servers for up to 45 days. After 45 days, the data is deleted and not used for personalization.
Opting out of personalized ads on the Microsoft privacy dashboard does not turn off the collection and use of your browsing history for personalization of search results and content in your news feed. You can turn off the collection and use of your Microsoft Edge browsing history for personalized search results and news. Go to
edge://settings/privacy. In Personalize your web experience turn off the Improve your web experience by allowing Microsoft to use your browsing history from the account for personalizing advertising, search, news and other Microsoft services setting. If you stop sharing the data, Microsoft no longer collects and uses your browsing history to personalize ads, search results, and news. For more information about personalization in Microsoft Edge, see Microsoft Edge browsing history for personalized advertising and experiences.
Microsoft Edge lets you print webpages, PDF files, or other content using devices and applications. When you print to a printer, application, or PDF, Microsoft Edge sends the commands and file information to the operating system of your device. The information is not sent to Microsoft. All data sent to the operating system of your device for printing is deleted immediately after printing is completed or canceled. To change your printing destination, go to
You may also print webpages and files to a PDF using Microsoft Print to PDF, which does not send any data about the file back to Microsoft. Any annotations made to the PDF file are saved locally to the file.
Profiles in Microsoft Edge allow you to separate your browsing data into independent profiles. Data associated with one profile is separate from data associated with other profiles. Your personal favorites and history, for example, aren't synchronized with your work account if you set each up in different profiles.
However, users can easily switch between existing profiles in Microsoft Edge without the need for passwords. If users have access to the same device, users may create another profile on the same version of Microsoft Edge without the permission of the current profile owner. Removing the profile from Microsoft Edge settings permanently deletes browsing data for the specific profile stored on the device, such as browsing history, favorites, form fill data, and passwords. Data synced to your account may still be stored in the Microsoft cloud and may be cleared from the Microsoft privacy dashboard.
Guest mode is a temporary instance of a fresh profile. It allows you to browse on another user's device without modifying the signed-in profile. Browsing data from Guest mode such as favorites, browsing history, passwords, and form fill data does not persist after you close all Guest mode windows. Downloaded files are stored on the device, but the history of the downloads is deleted.
Guest mode allows you to browse the web without being signed in to other sites automatically. Microsoft Edge does not send websites any information to indicate that the user is browsing in Guest mode. When you use Guest mode, permission to collect diagnostic data about how you use the browser and websites you visit is taken from the profile of Microsoft Edge from which the Guest mode session was launched. All browsing data for the specific Guest mode session is cleared after all Guest windows are closed.
InPrivate browsing is a private browsing mode. No browsing history, download history, cookies and site data, nor form fill data are remembered. Microsoft Edge saves downloaded files and any new favorites created while browsing InPrivate.
By default, while browsing InPrivate, Microsoft does not collect any information about websites you visit for product improvement purposes. Your school, workplace, or internet service provider may still be able to see your browsing activity.
Browsing data for the specific InPrivate session is cleared after all InPrivate windows are closed. When using the Windows Input Method Editor (IME) keyboard for typing and inking, data may be collected to improve language recognition and suggestion capabilities. You can stop inking and typing data from being collected by Microsoft while using the Windows IME keyboard during InPrivate and normal browsing. Open Start > Settings > Privacy and turn off Inking & typing personalization. For more information about InPrivate browsing, see Browse InPrivate in Microsoft Edge.
Microsoft Edge offers Read aloud, which reads the content of a webpage to the user. To start Read aloud, right-click the webpage or open Settings and more (...) and select Read aloud. Read aloud offers multiple voices to read the webpage content. If you are using voices that are installed on Windows 10 and later under the Time & Language section of Windows Settings and want to clear the local cache for any voices you previously used, go to
When you start Read aloud, Microsoft Edge uses the Web Speech API. Depending on the voice you select, the contents of the page are converted from text to speech using either a platform-supplied, client-side library (for example, one specific to your operating system) or a server-side library powered by Azure Cognitive Services.
If your content is converted to speech using a client-side library, no information is sent to Microsoft servers. If your content is converted to speech using Azure Cognitive Services (as indicated by the word "Online" in any of the voice names), the text, along with a randomly generated token, is sent to Microsoft. Once conversion is complete, the service returns the spoken text in an audio file to your device. All data is encrypted while being transferred from your device to Microsoft and vice versa. The text that is sent to Microsoft and the audio file that is generated are both deleted immediately after conversion occurs; no other data about your web content is stored for any period of time.
Releasing new functionality
To improve Microsoft Edge, the Microsoft Edge team is always learning from users. As part of the learning, some users may experience a new function before it is made available to everyone.
To enable new functions for randomly selected users, Microsoft Edge regularly sends required information about your operating system, channel, version, country or region, and other device configuration data to the Microsoft Edge configuration service. The data is sent with a resettable identifier unique to your browser. Data is transmitted to the service over HTTPS. The data is used for receiving updates to enable new functionality, to keep Microsoft Edge up to date and performing properly, and to improve Microsoft products and services.
More controls and configurations are available for organizations. For more information about controls and configurations for organizations, see Microsoft Edge configurations and experimentation.
As a user, you aren't able to turn off the browser updates controlled or configured by your organization. You can control whether your product usage data is sent to Microsoft. Go to
edge://settings/privacy, and change the Optional diagnostic data settings.
Microsoft developers need to understand how new functions affect Microsoft Edge and Microsoft services. Microsoft Edge sends a resettable identifier unique to your browser and a functions tag that encodes which new functions were enabled for Microsoft Edge and Microsoft services. New functions help build the best experiences and the best browser for everyone.
The functions tag is not unique to your installation of Microsoft Edge. The tag is shared across all Microsoft Edge instances that share the same set of new functions. Microsoft Edge sends the information via HTTPS to Microsoft services. The browser does not send the information when you browse InPrivate or in Guest mode. You can prevent the data from being sent. Go to
edge://settings/privacy, and turn off the Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports setting. For more information about how to reset the identifier unique to your browser, see the Diagnostic data about how you use the browser section.
Resolve navigation errors
If Microsoft Edge detects SSL connection timeouts, certificate errors, or other network issues that may be caused by a captive portal, it sends a request to
http://edge.microsoft.com/captiveportal/generate_204 and checks the response code. Captive portals include a Wi-Fi network at a hotel or airport. If the request is redirected to another URL, Microsoft Edge opens the URL in a new tab, assuming that it is a sign-in page. Requests to the captive portal detection page are a stateless service. Requests aren't logged, and cookies aren't sent or saved. On Windows platforms, Microsoft Edge uses a Windows captive portal service. Otherwise, the Microsoft Edge captive portal service is used. You can turn off the service. Go to
edge://settings/privacy, and turn off the Use a web service to help resolve navigation errors setting.
Search results data for product improvement
In order to improve your experience in Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Bing, Microsoft News, and other Microsoft services, when the setting for this feature is enabled, Microsoft Edge will collect and use data from your web searches in Microsoft Edge. Microsoft will use your search results activity to make everyone's web and search experience better, more relevant, and useful. The data Microsoft collects is from searches you do across the web, including sites Microsoft doesn't own or operate.
Microsoft Edge will scrub and de-identify the data by removing data identifying the person or device from which it was collected.
Microsoft doesn't use any information we collect to personalize or provide ads to you.
The data Microsoft collects is never associated with your account or your device.
This data collection and setting is not available on managed devices.
The data Microsoft collects may include the search query, the search results that are displayed to you, and the interaction you have with those search results, such as the links you click. Microsoft may also collect demographic data.
To manage the collection and use of your search results activity for product improvement, do the following:
Open Microsoft Edge.
Select Settings and more > Settings.
Select Privacy, search, and services.
Under Search and service improvement, turn on or off the setting for Help improve Microsoft products by sending the results from searches on the web.
If you stop sharing your data, Microsoft may continue to use previously collected search results data, but it will still be de-identified and not associated with you or your device.
When navigating to a website, the browser needs to look up the network address, such as
220.127.116.11, to resolve the host name, such as
example.com. Secure DNS performs this lookup using a service over an HTTPS connection to the DNS service provider. Secure DNS protects the lookups from modification or eavesdropping by attackers on the network.
By default, your current DNS service provider is used to avoid disruptions to your browsing. Not all service providers offer secure DNS. To avoid delays in browsing, if the secure DNS connection fails, Microsoft Edge attempts a DNS lookup with your current DNS service provider that is not encrypted.
Microsoft Edge allows you to use a specific secure DNS provider. If a secure DNS provider is selected, then Microsoft Edge does not fall back to regular DNS lookup if the secure lookup fails. You can control your secure DNS settings in
Secure DNS is
off by default for managed machines that are part of an organization. It can be configured using administrative policies. InPrivate browsing uses the secure DNS setting of the profile from which the InPrivate session was launched. Guest mode will always use your current service provider.
Microsoft Edge helps you find coupons, rebates, and better prices while shopping online. To help you find coupons or the best price while shopping online, Microsoft Edge downloads a list of shopping domains locally to the client from the Microsoft shopping service.
When you go to a website, or save an item to your Collections, Microsoft Edge locally determines if the website you're on is a shopping domain or product detail webpage. If the website is identified as a shopping webpage, Microsoft Edge sends the URL with personal data removed to the Microsoft shopping service.
Microsoft also sends the product price, product image, product name, ratings, and reviews, along with information about Microsoft Edge and your operating system version to the service. The data is sent over HTTPS with a randomly generated identifier and cookies if cookies are allowed.
The Microsoft Edge shopping feature requires sharing of cookie information with Bing. For example, the cookies may be used for debugging, fraud detection, and analytics. The Microsoft shopping service returns prices from other retailers, historical price trends, and any available coupons for that website.
When you're applying coupons, cookies are stored on your device to correctly attribute the coupon provider. Cookies are saved by Microsoft-trusted coupon providers only after a coupon is successfully applied on the cart. After the coupons are applied, information about the success of the coupons is sent back to the Microsoft shopping service to help understand which coupons succeeded or failed.
Data sent to the Microsoft shopping service is sent over HTTPS with a randomly generated identifier that changes per coupon lookup. Microsoft Edge partners with Bing Shopping to provide coupons relevant to the user's query. In some instances, Microsoft may receive revenue for use of the coupons. Whether a revenue share payment may be received is not factored into the ranking of coupons shown to users.
If you visit a shopping domain and you are an existing Bing Rebates user, Microsoft Edge sends the domain along with cookies to the Microsoft shopping service to retrieve your Bing Rebates profile and cash back offers for the domain. If you choose to activate cash back, Microsoft Edge sends your URL to the Microsoft shopping service to receive an affiliate URL. Cookies may be stored on your device to correctly attribute the rebates provider.
The shopping service is turned on by default for all users. To change the shopping setting in Microsoft Edge, complete the following actions.
- Go to
- Turn off the Save time and money with Shopping in Microsoft Edge setting.
InPrivate browsing uses the shopping setting of the profile that launched the InPrivate session.
Sign in and Identity
Signing in to Microsoft Edge provides many features to make the browser more productive. To sign in seamlessly when you first launch Microsoft Edge, it attempts to detect your identity from the operating system. If Microsoft Edge detects your identity from the operating system but you do not want to remain signed in to Microsoft Edge, go to
edge://settings/profiles and either sign out or remove your profile.
If a new identity is added to the operating system and your Microsoft Edge profile does not currently have an identity, Microsoft Edge adds the specific identity to your profile. If you sign into Microsoft Edge with a Microsoft account or a work or school account and do not have an identity on your Windows profile, the account is added to your Windows profile unless you choose to not add it to Windows while signing in.
Being signed in to Microsoft Edge enables single sign-on. You are automatically signed in to certain websites such as Bing, and other identity-powered experiences such as Sync. If you want to limit automatic sign-in to Microsoft sites such as Bing, you may sign out of the browser.
To sign into specific sites again using your user name and password or clear your cookies, go to
edge://settings/privacy. For more information about clearing browsing data, see View and delete browser history in Microsoft Edge.
To prevent any identity from being associated with Microsoft Edge, remove your Microsoft Edge profile or sign out of Microsoft Edge. To delete all data associated with your Microsoft Edge profile from your device, you must remove your Microsoft Edge profile. Deleting all data does not delete previously synced data associated with the identity.
Your identity in Microsoft Edge on macOS is shared between Microsoft apps. A shared identity allows you to sign into a Microsoft app without having to separately enter your credentials if you are signed in to another Microsoft app on the device. On macOS, you aren't automatically signed in to Microsoft Edge based on your authentication state in another Microsoft app. When you try to sign into Microsoft Edge, it offers to use the credentials from another Microsoft app on the device to sign into Microsoft Edge seamlessly. Similarly, when you are signed in to an account to Microsoft Edge, if you try to sign into other Microsoft apps, your Microsoft Edge credentials may be used to help you sign into the other Microsoft app on the device without requiring you to enter your credentials again.
You aren't able to sign into Microsoft Edge when using Guest mode or InPrivate.
SmartScreen is designed to help you safely browse the web. When you go to websites or download files, SmartScreen checks the reputation of the URL or file. If SmartScreen determines that the site or file is malicious, it blocks you from going to the site or downloading the file.
As you browse the web, SmartScreen categorizes websites and downloads as top traffic, dangerous, or unknown. Top traffic is popular sites that SmartScreen has determined are trustworthy. If you go to a site marked as dangerous, SmartScreen immediately blocks you from accessing the site. When you go to an unknown site, SmartScreen checks the reputation to determine if you should access the site.
SmartScreen uses three types of reputation checks.
SmartScreen checks the URL of sites you visit against a local list to determine if the site is part of top traffic or is a known dangerous site. When you visit a top traffic site, SmartScreen does not send the URL to the SmartScreen service. If the URL is on the local list of dangerous sites, SmartScreen blocks it, which prevents any portion of the malicious web content from loading. Microsoft Edge periodically downloads an updated list of top traffic and dangerous sites to the device.
SmartScreen performs a synchronous reputation check of the URL. SmartScreen checks on all URLs that aren't categorized as top traffic. Microsoft Edge passes the URL, relevant information about the site, an identifier unique to your device, and general location information to the SmartScreen service to determine the safety of the site. The information provided by Microsoft Edge allows the service to identify new dangerous sites and stay up to date with the latest security threats. The results of URL checks are stored locally on the device and are automatically cleared at the end of the browser session. All requests to the SmartScreen service are made with HTTPS encryption.
SmartScreen checks downloaded files to help prevent harm to your device. SmartScreen performs a binary file reputation check synchronously as your download completes. Microsoft Edge sends information about the file such as the file hash, file name, download URI, and an identifier unique to your device to SmartScreen to perform the reputation check. All SmartScreen requests are made with HTTPS encryption. The SmartScreen service sends back the result of the check, which allows the file to either fully download or not. The results are stored locally on the device.
The SmartScreen service stores data about the reputation checks and builds a database of known malicious URLs and files. The data is stored on secure Microsoft servers and is used only for Microsoft security services. The data is never used to identify or target you in any way. Clearing your browsing cache clears all locally stored SmartScreen URL data. Clearing your download history removes any locally stored SmartScreen data about file downloads.
SmartScreen is turned on by default for Microsoft Edge. To disable SmartScreen, go to
edge://settings/privacy and under Security turn off the Microsoft Defender SmartScreen setting. The setting is the same for all profiles associated with the installation of Microsoft Edge on your device. The setting is not synced across devices. The setting applies to InPrivate browsing and Guest mode. If your device is managed with group policies set by your organization, the setting is reflected in Microsoft Edge. To view the setting, go to
edge://settings/privacy. For more information about SmartScreen, see SmartScreen: FAQ.
Optionally, SmartScreen checks the URLs of files you download to see if any are categorized as potentially unwanted apps. Blocking potentially unwanted apps helps deliver more productive, performant, and delightful Windows experiences. The setting is turned off by default and is only available on Windows 10 and later devices. To enable the feature, go to
edge://settings/privacy and turn on the Block potentially unwanted apps setting. For more information about how potentially unwanted apps are categorized, see Potentially unwanted application (PUA). For more information about how to configure the setting, see Detect and block potentially unwanted applications.
To convert your speech into text, Microsoft Edge supports the Web Speech API. If a website includes a web feature that requires capture and translation of your speech to text and requests access to your microphone, Microsoft Edge sends the captured audio to a Microsoft service where it is translated into text. The recorded audio is sent with a randomly generated token over a secure HTTPS connection to the Microsoft Azure Cognitive Services. The recorded audio content is not stored for any purposes. The text is sent back to your device and then sent to the website.
To turn off speech translated to text, you may deny microphone access from any site that prompts for permission. To turn off the Microphone permission for all sites, go to
Microsoft Edge checks your spelling as you type in the browser. The spellcheck service is completed locally on the device. Microsoft Edge does not send information about your typing to Microsoft for spellcheck. You can turn off the feature. Go to
edge://settings/languages. In Check Spelling, turn off the setting for each desired language.
When you add a new language to Microsoft Edge, the browser downloads the dictionary for the new language to the device using HTTPS. The dictionary is used for the built-in spellcheck service. Deleting the language from your Microsoft Edge settings deletes the dictionary from the device. Guest mode does not use the custom dictionary from the profile or any added languages. To add or remove words in your local dictionary, go to
edge://settings/languages and under Check Spelling select Add or delete words.
Suggest similar sites
To help resolve URL typos in the address bar that result in a website error, Microsoft Edge may recommend a corrected URL. When a website navigation error occurs, Microsoft Edge sends the domain of the web address to the Microsoft service to suggest a corrected URL. Microsoft Edge does not include identifiers or tokens with the domain. If the service finds a suggestion, it returns the suggested URL. Microsoft stores the incorrect domain, and suggested domain, to help improve the service. To help you go to the correct sites, the feature is turned on by default. To turn off the feature, go to
edge://settings/privacy and under the Services turn off the Suggest similar sites when a website can't be found setting.
Signing into Microsoft Edge with a Microsoft account will enable syncing your browsing data across all signed-in versions of Microsoft Edge. You can sync your browsing history, favorites, settings, form fill data including addresses and more, passwords, extensions, open tabs, and collections. Each synced data type may be turned on or off individually.
Favorites include any tabs you previously set aside in previous versions of Microsoft Edge, which sync along with the rest of your favorites. Deleted or modified favorites or other data from one signed-in version of Microsoft Edge sync to all other signed-in versions of Microsoft Edge where sync is turned on. To manage sync configurations, go to
edge://settings/profiles/sync. Your sync settings may be managed by your organization.
For sync to function, all device connectivity and configuration data needed to provide the sync experience is sent to Microsoft. Sync data includes the name of your device, make, and model. To delete sync data, see Microsoft device dashboard. To manage your synced favorites, go to
edge://favorites. To manage all other data types, go to
When you sign into Microsoft Edge with your Microsoft account or work or school account, Microsoft Edge will store your preferences for your data privacy settings in Microsoft's servers. Microsoft Edge will only use the stored settings to make it easier for you to migrate your experience when you start using Microsoft Edge on a different device, or when you sign in to Microsoft Edge.
All synced data is encrypted in transit over HTTPS when transferred between the browser and Microsoft servers. The synced data is also stored in an encrypted state in Microsoft servers. Sensitive data types such as addresses and passwords are further encrypted on the device before being synced. If you are using a work or school account, all data types are further encrypted before being synced using Microsoft Purview Information Protection. All other synced data types are stored until you delete the data, the account is deleted, or the account becomes inactive. An account ID is attached to all synced data, as the ID is necessary to perform sync across multiple devices.
InPrivate and Guest mode browsing data does not sync to your Microsoft account. However, favorites created during InPrivate sessions are synced across your signed-in versions of Microsoft Edge.
Tips and recommendations
Microsoft Edge wants to provide you with relevant tips and recommendations to get the best experience using the browser. Microsoft Edge uses available device connectivity and configuration data to provide relevant tips and recommendations. This data will consist of your operating system, locale, browser settings, and other device connectivity and configuration data. This data is sent over a secure HTTPS connection with a resettable identifier unique to your browser. For Windows 10 and later devices while Microsoft Edge is being set up, we honor tailored experiences in Windows. Learn more about tailored experiences in Windows.
This data is not sent during InPrivate browsing or Guest mode.
Microsoft Edge is designed to detect and block known trackers. Users may choose from three levels of tracking prevention: Basic, Balanced, and Strict. To protect user privacy, Balanced is selected by default. Microsoft Edge detects trackers before any are loaded on the page by using an open-source list of known trackers. The list is downloaded to the device periodically as the list is updated. The number of trackers blocked and names of those trackers are stored locally on the device for statistical purposes. To clear the data, go to
edge://settings/privacy/blockedTrackers. The detection and blocking of trackers occurs locally on the device. To disable tracking prevention, go to
edge://settings/privacy. For more information about Tracking prevention, see Learn about tracking prevention in Microsoft Edge.
You may turn off list updates using the following group policy, Enable component updates in Microsoft Edge.
In Microsoft Edge, you can browse the web and translate webpages into a language of your choice. Microsoft Edge uses Microsoft Translator to translate web pages. This feature at first uses a library on your device that samples certain visible portions of a webpage to detect the original language. If the detected language is not one of your preferred languages, Microsoft Edge offers to translate the webpage to your preferred language or another language you choose. You can then translate the page by selecting Translate. You can autotranslate all pages in that language by choosing the Always translate the pages from <a language> checkbox.
Microsoft Edge does not translate a webpage without your permission. If you do decide to translate, Microsoft Edge sends the text of the webpage you want to translate, along with the to and from language and a service token to Microsoft Translator over a secure HTTPS connection. The service token doesn't contain any user identifiable information. Microsoft Translator then processes the text to remove any identifiers (such as email or phone number) and stores the text for service improvement purposes. The details of this communication are covered under Microsoft Privacy Statement – Microsoft privacy.
If you want to stop Microsoft Edge from offering to translate webpages, complete the following steps.
- Go to
- Turn off the Offer to translate pages that aren't in a language you read toggle and close the webpage.
When you do online activities related to travelling, Microsoft Edge helps you find recommendations for travel. To help you find recommendations while planning your travel online, Microsoft Edge downloads a list of travel domains to the client from the Microsoft Travel service.
When you visit a website, Microsoft Edge locally determines if the website you're on is a travel domain. If the website is identified as a Travel-related webpage, Microsoft Edge sends the domain, flight dates, From and To locations, and passenger count, along with information about Microsoft Edge and cookies (if cookies are allowed) to the service. This data does not include any personally identifiable information, and is sent over HTTPS.
The Microsoft Edge Travel feature requires sharing cookie information with Bing.com. For example, cookies may be used for debugging, fraud detection, and analytics. When you visit Bing.com in your browser and update any settings on Bing pages, Bing.com creates a cookie in your browser and stores information in the cookie. This cookie is shared across Bing.com pages, and Microsoft Edge sends this cookie to the Microsoft Travel service to keep your experience consistent.
The Travel service is turned on by default. To change the Travel setting in Microsoft Edge:
- Go to
- In the Services section at the bottom of the page, turn off the setting Show travel recommendations in Microsoft Edge.
Web apps and Pinned sites
Microsoft Edge lets you install web apps made by website developers and pin your favorite sites.
When you pin a site, it is added to your taskbar or dock. The data is stored locally on your device. For some sites, information about whether the site has been pinned is shared with the site, so the site knows not to prompt to pin. You may manage your pinned sites from the taskbar or dock. Pinned sites open in Microsoft Edge windows and use the same site permissions and diagnostic data settings as the specific version of Microsoft Edge.
Microsoft Edge WebView controls allow app developers to host web content in native applications on Windows 7, Windows 10, and later. The applications hosting the WebView2 instance may send diagnostic data to Microsoft. Diagnostic data can include how you use the Microsoft Edge, and sites you visit.
To enable diagnostic data collection, go to
edge://settings/privacy. Turn on the Optional diagnostic data setting. To turn off diagnostic data collection for Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 and later, open Start > Settings > Privacy and select Diagnostics & feedback. To turn off diagnostic data collection for all other platforms, go to
edge://settings/privacy. Turn off the Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports setting. The applications hosting Microsoft Edge WebView may collect other data that is governed by the data collection management of the developer and relevant privacy policies.
Windows Defender Application Guard
Windows Defender Application Guard (WDAG) is a feature available for organizations. When Windows Defender Application Guard is turned on, Microsoft Edge opens untrusted sites inside an isolated container. The use of a container helps protect the resources in your organization from malicious sites or phishing attacks. The feature is only turned on with group policies that are managed by your organization. It is only available on recent versions of Windows 10 and later. WDAG collects product improvement diagnostic data about opening untrusted sites in the isolated container, such as how long it takes to open a new Application Guard window.
With your permission, WDAG also collects information about how you use the browser and information about sites you visit. To turn off the diagnostic data collection for Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 and later, open Start > Settings > Privacy and select Diagnostics & feedback. To disable diagnostic data collection for all other platforms, go to
edge://settings/privacy in a normal browsing session and turn off the Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports setting.
Windows Information Protection
Windows Information Protection (WIP) helps prevent accidental leaking of corporate information. It is only available for organizations through group policies managed by your organization. WIP is enabled for those sites identified as corporate assets. Identify which sites are corporate assets from the management icon in the address bar. WIP prevents copying and pasting from the browser or uploading certain files to sites outside your organization.
If WIP is turned on for your version of Microsoft Edge, the browser collects event logs and sends them to your organization. If WIP is turned on, you aren't able to opt out of the data collection. WIP is only available on releases of Windows 10 from August 2016 or later. For more information about the event logs captured by WIP, see How to collect Windows Information Protection (WIP) audit event logs.
Microsoft Edge is made possible by the Chromium open-source project and other open-source software. To view all of the software credits, go to
edge://credits. Google Chrome Privacy Whitepaper was used as a source for gathering related information about the Chromium open-source project.
Getting in touch with the Microsoft Edge team
The Microsoft Edge team is always listening to customers and values your feedback. To provide feedback in Microsoft Edge, open Settings and more > Help and feedback and select Send feedback. For Progressive Web Apps (PWAs), open Settings and more (...) and select Send feedback to Microsoft. Provide details about the feedback, but all other information is optional.
If an email is detected from your Microsoft Edge profile, it is pre-populated with the URL of the current site and relevant diagnostic data. The diagnostic data can include data about Microsoft Edge features you turned on and your browser use. You may optionally include a screenshot, files from your device, and recording of your browser may also be optionally included. If you provide optional content, it can include personal data. The data is only used for diagnostic and product improvement purposes.
User feedback is securely sent to Microsoft using HTTPS and stored on secure Microsoft servers. If you include your email address and the Help improve Microsoft products by sending optional diagnostic data about how you use the browser, websites you visit, and crash reports setting is turned on in your Microsoft Edge privacy settings, an identifier unique to your browser installation on your device is associated with your feedback. If you're signed in to Microsoft Edge with your Microsoft account, your feedback is associated with your account. All diagnostic data, including diagnostic logs, recordings, and attachments, are stored for up to 30 days. The remaining feedback data, including an optional screenshot, is stored for up to 15 months. Make a request to delete your feedback if you provided an email with your feedback item.
Submit and view feedback for