Set up CI/CD pipelines

TeamsFx helps to automate your development workflow while building Teams application. The following are the tools and templates you can use to set up CI/CD pipelines, create workflow templates, and customize CI/CD workflow with GitHub, Azure DevOps, Jenkins, and other platforms. To provision and deploy resources, you can create Azure service principals and publish the Teams app using Teams Developer Portal. To publish Teams app manually, you may leverage Developer Portal for Teams.

Tools and Templates Description
TeamsFx-CLI-Action GitHub Action that integrates with TeamsFx CLI.
Teams Toolkit in Visual Studio Code Visual Studio Code extension that helps you to develop Teams app and automation workflows for GitHub, Azure DevOps, and Jenkins.
TeamsFx CLI Command Line tool that helps you to develop Teams app and automation workflows for GitHub, Azure DevOps, and Jenkins.
script-ci-template.sh and script-cd-template.sh Script templates for automation outside of GitHub, Azure DevOps, or Jenkins.

Set up pipelines

You can set up pipelines with the following platforms:

  1. Set up pipelines with GitHub
  2. Set up pipelines with Azure DevOps
  3. Set up pipelines with Jenkins
  4. Set up pipelines for other platforms

Set up pipelines with GitHub

To set up pipelines with GitHub for CI/CD:

  1. Create workflow templates.

    • Visual Studio Code
    • TeamsFx CLI
  2. Customize CI/CD workflow.

Create workflow templates with GitHub

Create workflow templates using the Teams Toolkit in Visual Studio Code

  1. Create a new Teams app project using Teams Toolkit.
  2. Select Teams Toolkit icon in the Visual Studio Code activity bar.
  3. Select Add CI/CD Workflows.
  4. Select an environment from the command prompt.
  5. Select GitHub as the CI/CD provider.
  6. Select at least one template from these options: CI, CD, Provision, or Publish to Teams.
  7. Open the template and customize the workflows that fit into your scenarios.
  8. Follow the README files under .github/workflows to set up the workflow in GitHub.

Create workflow templates using TeamsFx CLI

  1. Enter cd to your Teams app project directory.
  2. Enter teamsfx add cicd command to start the interactive command process.
  3. Select an environment from the command prompt.
  4. Select GitHub as the CI/CD provider.
  5. Select at least one template from these options: CI, CD, Provision, or Publish to Teams.
  6. Open the template and customize the workflows that fit into your scenarios.
  7. Follow the README files under .github/workflows to set up the workflow in GitHub.

Note

If you need to add additional workflow templates, you can follow the same procedure to create workflow template in Visual Studio Code or TeamsFx CLI.

Customize CI/CD workflow

You can change or remove the test scripts to customize CI/CD workflow:

  1. By default, the CD workflow is triggered, when new commits are made to the main branch.
  2. Change the build scripts if necessary.
  3. Remove the test scripts as required.

Set up pipelines with Azure DevOps

To set up pipelines with Azure DevOps for CI/CD:

  1. Create workflow templates.

    • Visual Studio Code
    • TeamsFx CLI
  2. Customize CI/CD workflow.

Create workflow templates with Azure DevOps

Create workflow templates using the Teams Toolkit in Visual Studio Code

  1. Create a new Teams app project using Teams Toolkit.
  2. Select Teams Toolkit icon in the Visual Studio Code activity bar.
  3. Select Add CI/CD Workflows.
  4. Select an environment from the command prompt.
  5. Select Azure DevOps as CI/CD provider.
  6. Select at least one template from these options: CI, CD, Provision, and Publish to Teams.
  7. Open the template and customize the workflows that fit into your scenarios.
  8. Follow the README files under .azure/pipelines to set up the workflow in Azure DevOps.

Create workflow templates using the TeamsFx CLI

  1. Enter cd to your Teams app project directory.
  2. Enter teamsfx add cicd command to start the interactive command process.
  3. Select an environment from the command prompt.
  4. Select Azure DevOps as CI/CD provider.
  5. Select at least one template from these options: CI, CD, Provision, or Publish to Teams.
  6. Open the template and customize the workflows that fit into your scenarios.
  7. Follow the README files under .azure/pipelines to set up the workflow in Azure DevOps.

Note

If you need to add additional workflow templates, you can follow the same procedure to create workflow template in Visual Studio Code or TeamsFx CLI.

Customize CI workflow

The following are the changes you can make for the script or workflow definition:

  1. Use npm build script or customize the way you build in the automation code.
  2. Use npm test script, which returns zero for success, and change the test commands.

Customize CD workflow

The following are the changes you can make for the script or workflow definition:

  1. Ensure you have an npm build script or customize the way you build in the automation code.
  2. Ensure you have an npm test script, which returns zero for success or change the test commands.

Set up pipelines with Jenkins

To set up pipelines with Jenkins for CI/CD:

  1. Create workflow templates.

    • Visual Studio Code
    • TeamsFx CLI
  2. Customize CI/CD workflow.

Create workflow templates with Jenkins

Create workflow templates using the Teams Toolkit in Visual Studio Code

  1. Create a new Teams app project using Teams Toolkit.
  2. Select Teams Toolkit icon in the Visual Studio Code sidebar.
  3. Select Add CI/CD Workflows.
  4. Select an environment from the command prompt.
  5. Select Jenkins as CI/CD provider.
  6. Select at least one template from these options: CI, CD, Provision, or Publish to Teams.
  7. Open the template and customize the workflows that fit into your scenarios.
  8. Follow the README files under .jenkins/pipelines to set up the workflow with Jenkins.

Create workflow templates using TeamsFx CLI

  1. Enter cd to your Teams app project directory.
  2. Enter teamsfx add cicd command to start the interactive command process.
  3. Select an environment from the command prompt.
  4. Select Jenkins as CI/CD provider.
  5. Select at least one template from these options: CI, CD, Provision, or Publish to Teams.
  6. Open the template and customize the workflows that fit into your scenarios.
  7. Follow the README files under .jenkins/pipelines to set up the workflow with Jenkins.

Note

If you need to add additional workflow templates, you can follow the same procedure to create workflow template in Visual Studio Code or TeamsFx CLI.

Customize CI workflow

The following are some of the changes you can make to your project:

  1. Change how the CI flow is triggered. The default is to use the triggers of pollSCM when a new change is pushed into the dev branch.
  2. Ensure you have an npm build script or customize the way you build in the automation code.
  3. Ensure you have an npm test script, which returns zero for success or change the test commands.

Customize CD workflow

Perform the following steps to customize the CD pipeline:

  1. Change the CD flow. The default is to use the triggers of pollSCM when a new change is pushed into the main branch.
  2. Change the build scripts if necessary.
  3. Remove the test scripts if you don't have tests.

Set up pipelines for other platforms

You can follow the predefined listed example bash scripts to build and customize CI/CD pipelines on the other platforms:

The scripts are based on a cross-platform TeamsFx command line tool TeamsFx-CLI. You can install it with npm install -g @microsoft/teamsfx-cli and follow the documentation to customize the scripts.

Note

  • To enable @microsoft/teamsfx-cli running in CI mode, turn on CI_ENABLED by export CI_ENABLED=true. In CI mode, @microsoft/teamsfx-cli is friendly for CI/CD.
  • To enable @microsoft/teamsfx-cli running in the non-interactive mode, set a global config with command: teamsfx config set -g interactive false. In the non-interactive mode, @microsoft/teamsfx-cli does not prompt for inputs.

Ensure to set up Azure and Microsoft 365 credentials in your environment variables safely. For example, if you're using GitHub as your source code repository, see GitHub Secrets.

Provision and deploy resources

To provision and deploy resources targeting Azure inside CI/CD, you must create an Azure service principal for use.

Perform the following steps to create Azure service principals:

  1. Register an Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) application in single tenant.
  2. Assign a role to your Azure AD application to access your Azure subscription. The Contributor role is recommended.
  3. Create a new Azure AD application secret.

Tip

Save your tenant id, application id (AZURE_SERVICE_PRINCIPAL_NAME), and the secret (AZURE_SERVICE_PRINCIPAL_PASSWORD) for future use.

For more information, see Azure service principals guidelines. The following are the three ways to create service principals:

Publish Teams app using Teams Developer Portal

If there are any changes related to Teams app's manifest file, you can update the manifest and publish the Teams app again.

To publish Teams app manually, you may leverage Developer Portal for Teams.

Perform the following steps to publish your app:

  1. Sign in to Developer portal for Teams using the corresponding account.
  2. Import your app package in zip by selecting App -> Import app -> Replace.
  3. Select the target app in app list.
  4. Publish your app by selecting Publish -> Publish to your org.

See also