Connection object (ADO)
Applies to: Access 2013, Office 2013
Represents an open connection to a data source.
A Connection object represents a unique session with a data source. In the case of a client/server database system, it may be equivalent to an actual network connection to the server. Depending on the functionality supported by the provider, some collections, methods, or properties of a Connection object may not be available.
With the collections, methods, and properties of a Connection object, you can do the following:
Set the default database for the connection with the DefaultDatabase property.
Set the level of isolation for the transactions opened on the connection with the IsolationLevel property.
Specify an OLE DB provider with the Provider property.
To execute a query without using a Command object, pass a query string to the Execute method of a Connection object. However, a Command object is required when you want to persist the command text and re-execute it, or use query parameters.
Examine errors returned from the data source with the Errors collection.
Read the version from the ADO implementation used with the Version property.
Obtain schema information about your database with the OpenSchema method.
You can create Connection objects independently of any other previously defined object.
You can execute commands or stored procedures as if they were native methods on the Connection object, as illustrated below.
Execute a command as a native method of a Connection object
To execute a command, give the command a name using the Command object Name property. Set the Command object's ActiveConnection property to the connection. Then issue a statement where the command name is used as if it were a method on the Connection object, followed by any parameters, then followed by a Recordset object if any rows are returned. Set the Recordset properties to customize the resulting Recordset. For example:
Dim cnn As New ADODB.Connection Dim cmd As New ADODB.Command Dim rst As New ADODB.Recordset ... cnn.Open "..." cmd.Name = "yourCommandName" cmd.ActiveConnection = cnn ... 'Your command name, any parameters, and an optional Recordset. cnn.yourCommandName "parameter", rst
Execute a stored procedure as a native method of a Connection object
To execute a stored procedure, issue a statement where the stored procedure name is used as if it were a method on the Connection object, followed by any parameters. ADO will make a "best guess" of parameter types. For example:
Dim cnn As New ADODB.Connection ... 'Your stored procedure name and any parameters. cnn.sp_yourStoredProcedureName "parameter"