Office Scripts in Excel

Office Scripts in Excel let you automate your day-to-day tasks. Inside Excel on the web, you can record your actions with the Action Recorder. This creates a TypeScript language script that can be run again any time. You can also create and edit scripts with the Code Editor. Your scripts can then be shared across your organization so your coworkers can also automate their workflows.

This series of documents teaches you how to use these tools. You'll be introduced to the Action Recorder and see how to record your frequent Excel actions. You'll also learn how to make or update your own scripts with the Code Editor.


To use Office Scripts, you'll need the following.

  1. Excel on the web (Excel for Windows can only use Office Scripts with script buttons).

  2. OneDrive for Business.

  3. Any commercial or educational Microsoft 365 license with access to the Microsoft 365 Office desktop apps, such as:

    • Office 365 Business
    • Office 365 Business Premium
    • Office 365 ProPlus
    • Office 365 ProPlus for Devices
    • Office 365 Enterprise E3
    • Office 365 Enterprise E5
    • Office 365 A3
    • Office 365 A5


If you meet these requirements and are still not seeing the Automate tab, it's possible that your admin has disabled the feature or there's some other problem with your environment. Please follow the steps under Automate tab not appearing or Office Scripts unavailable to start using Office Scripts.

When to use Office Scripts

Scripts allow you to record and replay your Excel actions on different workbooks and worksheets. If you find yourself doing the same things over and over again, you can turn all that work into an easy-to-run Office Script. Run your script with a button-press in Excel or combine it with Power Automate to streamline your entire workflow.

As an example, say you start your work day by opening a .csv file from an accounting site in Excel. You then spend several minutes deleting unnecessary columns, formatting a table, adding formulas, and creating a PivotTable in a new worksheet. Those actions you repeat daily can be recorded once with the Action Recorder. From then on, running the script will take care of your entire .csv conversion. You'll not only remove the risk of forgetting steps, but be able to share your process with others without having to teach them anything. Office Scripts allows you to automate your common tasks so you and your workplace can be more efficient and productive.

Action Recorder

A list of actions recorded by Action Recorder.

The Action Recorder records actions you take in Excel and saves them as a script. With the Action recorder running, you can capture the Excel actions as you edit cells, change formatting, and create tables. The resulting script can be run on other worksheets and workbooks to recreate your original actions.

Code Editor

The Code Editor showing the script code used in this tutorial.

All scripts recorded with the Action Recorder can be edited through the Code Editor. This lets you tweak and customize the script to better suit your exact needs. You can also add logic and functionality that is not directly accessible through the Excel UI, such as conditional statements (if/else) and loops.


The Action Recorder has a Copy as code button to record actions into script code without saving the entire script.

The Action Recorder task pane with the 'Copy as code' button highlighted.

Our tutorials provide a guided and structured way learn the capabilities of Office Scripts. After completing the tutorials, read Scripting fundamentals for Office Scripts in Excel on the web to learn more about the Code Editor and how to write and edit your own scripts. For additional information about the Code Editor and how your script code is interpreted, read Office Scripts Code Editor environment.

Share Office Scripts

Office Scripts can be shared with other users of an Excel workbook. When you share a script in a shared workbook, everyone with access to the workbook can also view and run your script. For more details about sharing and unsharing scripts, see Sharing Office Scripts in Excel for the Web.

The script details page showing the 'Share with others in this workbook' option.

Add buttons that run scripts to help your colleagues discover your valuable solutions and let them run scripts in Excel on Desktop. Learn more about script buttons in Run Office Scripts with buttons.

A button in the worksheet that runs a script when clicked.


Learn more about how scripts are stored in your OneDrive in Office Scripts file storage and ownership.

Connect Office Scripts to Power Automate

Power Automate is a service that helps you create automated workflows between multiple apps and services. Office Scripts can be used in these workflows, giving you control of your scripts outside of the workbook. You can run your scripts on a schedule, trigger them in response to emails, and much more. Visit the Run Office Scripts with Power Automate tutorial to learn the basics of connecting these automation services.

Next steps

Complete the Office Scripts in Excel on the web tutorial to learn how to create your first script.

See also