Range.Item property (Excel)

Returns a Range object that represents a range at an offset to the specified range.

Syntax

expression.Item (RowIndex, ColumnIndex)

expression A variable that represents a Range object.

Parameters

Name Required/Optional Data type Description
RowIndex Required Variant If the second argument is provided, the relative row number of the cell to return.

If the second argument is not provided, the index of the subrange to return.
ColumnIndex Optional Variant The relative column number of the cell to return.

Remarks

If expression is not a range containing a collection of single cells, e.g. because is has been obtained via the Columns member, providing the second argument is illegal and will result in an error 1004.

The default member of Range forwards calls with parameters to the Item member. Thus, someRange(1) and someRange(1,1) are equivalent to someRange.Item(1) and someRange.Item(1,1), respectively.

The RowIndex and ColumnIndex arguments are relative 1-based offsets to the top-left cell of the first area of the range as returned by the Areas member, i.e. for the range Union(someSheet.Range("Z4:AA6"), someSheet.Range("A1:C3")), Item(1,1) will return the range with address $Z$4.

The ColumnIndex can be provided either as a numeric index or as a column address string as in A1-notation, i.e. "A" refers to the numeric index 1 and "AA" to 27.

It is possible to reference cells outside the original range using the Item property by providing appropriate arguments, e.g. Item(3,3) will return the cell at "D4" for the range someSheet.Range("B2:C3").

The range returned when providing only one parameter depends on the nature of the range:

  • For ranges consisting of single cells, as returned by the Cells and Range members, Item returns single cells. The parameter RowIndex refers to the index when enumerating the first area of the range left-to-right than top-to-bottom, as for two-dimentional arrays. If RowIndex is larger than the number of cells in the first area of the range, the enumeration as if the area was extended downwards.

  • For ranges consisting of row ranges, as returned by Rows, Item returns row ranges. The parameter RowIndex is the 1-based offset from the first row of the range in the direction top-to-bottom.

  • For ranges consisting of column ranges, as returned by Columns, Item returns column ranges. The parameter RowIndex is the 1-based offset from the first column in the direction left-to-right. In this situation, the index may alternatively be provided as a column address string.

Example

The following example shows which cell is returned if both parameters are provided.

Public Sub PrintAdresses()
   Dim exampleRange As Excel.Range
   With ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("ExampleSheet")
      Set exampleRange = Application.Union(.Range("B2:D4"), .Range("A1"), .Range("Z1:AA20"))
   End With
  
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Item(1,1).Address      'Prints "$B$2"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Item(2,4).Address      'Prints "$E$3"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Item(20,40).Address    'Prints "$AO$21"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Item(2,"D").Address    'Prints "$E$3"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Item(20,"AN").Address  'Prints "$E$3"
End Sub

The following example shows for different types of ranges which subranges are returned if only one parameter is provided.

Public Sub PrintAdresses()
   Dim exampleRange As Excel.Range
   With ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("ExampleSheet")
      Set exampleRange = Application.Union(.Range("B2:D4"), .Range("A1"), .Range("Z1:AA20"))
   End With

   Debug.Print exampleRange.Cells.Item(1).Address      'Prints "$B$2"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Cells.Item(2).Address      'Prints "$C$2"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Cells.Item(4).Address      'Prints "$B$3"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Cells.Item(10).Address     'Prints "$B$5"
  
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Rows.Item(1).Address       'Prints "$B$2:$D$2"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Rows.Item(10).Address      'Prints "$B$11:$D$11"
  
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Columns.Item(1).Address    'Prints "$B$2:$B$4"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Columns.Item(10).Address   'Prints "$K$1:$K$4"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Columns.Item("A").Address  'Prints "$B$1:$B$4"
   Debug.Print exampleRange.Columns.Item("J").Address  'Prints "$K$1:$K$4"
End Sub

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