Miscellaneous tasks

This topic includes Visual Basic examples for the tasks identified in the following sections.

Changing the view

The View object includes properties and methods related to view attributes (such as show all, field shading, and table gridlines) for a window or pane. The following example changes the view to print view.

Sub ChangeView() 
    ActiveDocument.ActiveWindow.View.Type = wdPrintView 
End Sub

The HeaderFooter object is returned by the Headers, Footers, and HeaderFooter properties. The following example changes the text of the current page header.

Sub AddHeaderText() 
    With ActiveDocument.ActiveWindow.View 
        .SeekView = wdSeekCurrentPageHeader 
        Selection.HeaderFooter.Range.Text = "Header text" 
        .SeekView = wdSeekMainDocument 
    End With 
End Sub

This example creates a Range object, rngFooter, that references the primary footer for the first section in the active document. After the Range object is set, the existing footer text is deleted. The FILENAME field is added to the footer along with two tabs and the AUTHOR field.

Sub AddFooterText() 
    Dim rngFooter As Range 
    Set rngFooter = ActiveDocument.Sections(1) _ 
    With rngFooter 
        .Fields.Add Range:=rngFooter, Type:=wdFieldFileName, Text:="\p" 
        .InsertAfter Text:=vbTab & vbTab 
        .Collapse Direction:=wdCollapseStart 
        .Fields.Add Range:=rngFooter, Type:=wdFieldAuthor 
    End With 
End Sub

Setting options

The Options object includes properties that correspond to optional settings that are available in various menus and dialogs throughout Word. The following example sets three application settings for Word.

Sub SetOptions() 
    With Options 
        .AllowDragAndDrop = True 
        .ConfirmConversions = False 
        .MeasurementUnit = wdPoints 
    End With 
End Sub

Changing the document layout

The PageSetup contains all the page setup attributes of a document (such as left margin, bottom margin, and paper size) as properties. The following example sets the margin values for the active document.

Sub ChangeDocumentLayout() 
    With ActiveDocument.PageSetup 
        .LeftMargin = InchesToPoints(0.75) 
        .RightMargin = InchesToPoints(0.75) 
        .TopMargin = InchesToPoints(1.5) 
        .BottomMargin = InchesToPoints(1) 
    End With 
End Sub

Looping through paragraphs in a document

This example loops through all of the paragraphs in the active document. If the space-before setting for a paragraph is 6 points, this example changes the spacing to 12 points.

Sub LoopParagraphs() 
    Dim parCount As Paragraph 
    For Each parCount In ActiveDocument.Paragraphs 
        If parCount.SpaceBefore = 12 Then parCount.SpaceBefore = 6 
    Next parCount 
End Sub

For more information, see Looping through a collection.

Customizing menus and toolbars

The CommandBar object represents both menus and toolbars (in versions of Word that do not use the ribbon). Use the CommandBars property with a menu or toolbar name to return a single CommandBar object. The Controls property returns a CommandBarControls object that refers to the items on the specified command bar. The following example adds the Word Count command to the Standard menu.

Sub AddToolbarItem() 
    Dim btnNew As CommandBarButton 
    CustomizationContext = NormalTemplate 
    Set btnNew = CommandBars("Standard").Controls.Add _ 
        (Type:=msoControlButton, ID:=792, Before:=6) 
    With btnNew 
        .BeginGroup = True 
        .FaceId = 700 
        .TooltipText = "Word Count" 
    End With 
End Sub

The following example adds the Double Underline command to the Formatting toolbar.

Sub AddDoubleUnderlineButton() 
    CustomizationContext = NormalTemplate 
    CommandBars("Formatting").Controls.Add _ 
        Type:=msoControlButton, ID:=60, Before:=7 
End Sub

Turn on the macro recorder and customize a menu or toolbar to determine the ID value for a particular command (for example, ID 60 is the Double Underline command).

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