absolute space: An area
of a drawing that occupies an entire document or page. The value for absolute
space is typically expressed in English Metric Units (EMUs),
but it can be defined by the host application.
Active Server Pages (ASP):
A server-side scripting engine that was developed by Microsoft and is designed
to dynamically generate a webpage.
adjust handle: A user
interface control that is located on an object frame and is used to increase or
decrease the size of that object.
anchor: A set of
qualifiers and quantifiers that specifies the location of an element or object
within a document. These values are typically relative to another element or
known location in the document, such as the edge of a page or margin.
atom: A unit of
information that cannot be divided into smaller parts, and is accepted or
rejected in its entirety. See also Atom Publishing Protocol (AtomPub).
background shape: A
graphical drawing object that is covered or obstructed by other shapes in the
binary large image or picture
(BLIP): A binary data structure that stores information about a metafile
image or bitmap picture.
bounding rectangle: A
frame that encompasses an object. A bounding rectangle is not rotated and,
therefore, always aligns along the x and y axes.
callout: A set of
characters that describes or emphasizes an element of a drawing or image and is
connected to that drawing or image by a line.
child: An object that is
immediately below the current object in a hierarchy.
color scheme: A table of
color values that enables colors to be referenced by an index value in the
table instead of a color value. See also color palette.
comment: An annotation
that is associated with a cell, text, or other object to provide context-specific
information or reviewer feedback.
connection point: A point
on a shape where another drawing object can be connected.
connection site: A
location on a shape where a connector is attached.
connector: A line that is
used to connect two or more shapes and that remains connected to those shapes.
content management system:
A system that manages the collaboration, creation, modification, archiving,
restoration, and removal of objects from a formal repository on behalf of a web
crop: In graphics
editing, the process of trimming the vertical or horizontal edges of a
(DIB): A file format that was designed to help ensure that bitmap graphics
that were created by using one application can be loaded and displayed in
another application exactly as they appeared in the originating application.
diagram: A drawing that
is used to present relationships between abstract ideas and data, such as an
organizational chart or a Venn diagram.
dialog sheet: A single
logical container that is used to create a custom dialog box.
digital signature: A
message authenticator that is typically derived from a cryptographic operation
by using an asymmetric algorithm and private key. When a symmetric algorithm is
used for this purpose, the authenticator is typically referred to as a Message
Authentication Code (MAC).
drawing: A collection of
drawing objects, such as shapes, curves, or WordArt, that are viewed together
as a single image.
drawing group: A
collection of images that are designated by the user as a single group of
images and manipulated as a single drawing object.
drawing object: A shape,
curve, line, WordArt, or other type of graphical object that can be inserted
into a document.
drawing plane: A
geometric plane in a three-dimensional space.
drawing space: An area of
the absolute space
that is being drawn, after all of the rotation and scaling is complete. For
example, a shadow is typically drawn relative to a shape, and is therefore in
the drawing space of that shape. The value for drawing space is expressed in English Metric Units (EMUs).
See also absolute space.
edit points: A set of
movable points in a shape, line, or curve that define the path of that
English Metric Unit (EMU):
A measurement in computer typography. There are 635 EMUs per twip, 6,350 EMUs
per half-point, 12,700 EMUs per point, and 914,400 EMUs per inch. These units
are used to translate on-screen layouts to printed layouts for specified
enhanced metafile format
(EMF): A file format that supports the device-independent definitions of
gamma correction: In
digital imaging, the process of changing the brightness, contrast, or color
balance of an image by assigning new values (different colors) to gray or color
geometry space: An
arbitrarily defined coordinate system for shape geometry. Any coordinate
references to a shape use this coordinate system. All connection sites, adjust handles, and
vertices of a shape are defined in geometry space.
geometry text: A type of
text that follows the geometry of the shape, rather than being contained within
the bounding rectangle
of the shape.
gradient vector: A vector
that indicates the direction of a gradient fill. The gradient vector is
perpendicular to the bands of color.
group: A process of
combining similar elements into a set in accordance with logical criteria. It
is frequently used to combine sets of data from Online Analytical Processing
(OLAP) databases or PivotTable reports.
group shape: A shape that
contains a group of shapes.
horizontal rule: A line
that is printed above or below an element to set off that item from the
remainder of the page or to improve the appearance of the page.
Hypertext Markup Language
(HTML): An application of the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
that uses tags to mark elements in a document, as described in [HTML].
ink: A process of
entering text in handwritten form. Instead of converting handwritten text to
typed text, ink is converted to an object and displayed exactly as it was
ink shape: A shape that
contains strokes of ink.
inside margin: A side or
top margin of a document on which the document is bound.
internal resource tag: A
number associated with an internal resource.
join style: A style that
specifies how the ends of connected lines are joined.
Joint Photographic Experts
Group (JPEG): A raster graphics file format for displaying high-resolution
color graphics. JPEG graphics apply a user-specified compression scheme that
can significantly reduce the file sizes of photo-realistic color graphics. A
higher level of compression results in lower quality, whereas a lower level of
compression results in higher quality. JPEG-format files have a .jpg or .jpeg
file name extension.
labeling policy: A policy
that supports the addition of labels to a list item.
line end decoration: An
arrowhead, square, circle, or other small shape that is attached to the end of
a line in a drawing.
Multiple-byte values that are byte-ordered with the least significant byte
stored in the memory location with the lowest address.
Macintosh PICT: An
abbreviated term for Macintosh Picture format, a graphics file format that is
associated with Macintosh applications.
master: A slide view,
page, or shape that defines the formatting for all slides, pages, or shapes in
a presentation. Each presentation has a master for each key component: slides,
title slides, speaker notes, and audience handouts.
master shape: A shape
definition that specifies the default properties for all instances of that
shape within a document.
master unit: A unit of
linear measurement that is equal to 1/576 inch.
Object Linking and Embedding
(OLE): A technology for transferring and sharing information between
applications by inserting a file or part of a file into a compound document.
The inserted file can be either embedded or linked. See also embedded object
and linked object.
outside margin: A side or
top margin of a document that is opposite the side where the document is bound.
page element: Any basic
element that exists on a page, such as the page itself, the margin, the text
block, or an individual character.
perspective transform: A
transform that is applied to an image or diagram so that it shows the same
objects from a different point of view.
picture bullet: A list
bullet that displays a picture instead of a standard character bullet.
placeholder: A character
or symbol that is used in place of an actual value, text, or object. The actual
value that the placeholder represents is unknown or unavailable at the current
time, or is not displayed for security reasons.
point: A unit of
measurement for fonts and spacing. A point is equal to 1/72 of an inch.
Portable Network Graphics
(PNG): A bitmap graphics file format that uses lossless data compression
and supports variable transparency of images (alpha channels) and control of
image brightness on different computers (gamma correction). PNG-format files
have a .png file name extension.
red-green-blue (RGB): A
color model that describes color information in terms of the red (R), green
(G), and blue (B) intensities in a color.
regroup identifier: A
unique index that is used to determine which shapes were previously grouped
right-to-left: A reading
and display order that is optimized for right-to-left languages.
rule: A condition or
action, or a set of conditions or actions, that performs tasks automatically
based on events and values.
scheme color: One of the
colors that is defined in a set of specified colors for a document. If an
object is filled with a scheme color, its color changes when another color
scheme is selected for that document.
script anchor: The visual
representation of a script on a webpage that is open in a Microsoft Office
application. Different script anchors are used to represent scripts that are
written in different scripting languages. By default, script anchors are not
shape: A collection of
qualifiers, such as names, and quantifiers, such as coordinates, that is used
to represent a geometric object. A shape can be contained in a document, file
structure, run-time structure, or other medium.
sigma transfer function:
A mathematical process which improves the signal-to-noise ratio of a data
signature line: A
location in a document where a visible digital signature can be inserted.
slide: A frame that
contains text, shapes, pictures, or other content. A slide is a digital
equivalent to a traditional film slide.
Tagged Image File Format
(TIFF): A high-resolution, tag-based graphics format. TIFF is used for the
universal interchange of digital graphics.
text run: A string of
characters that represents a discrete span of text with the same formatting
toolbar control identifier
(TCID): An integer that identifies a specific control on a toolbar.
ToolTip: A small pop-up
window that provides brief context-sensitive help when users point to an item.
Also referred to as ScreenTip.
Unicode: A character
encoding standard developed by the Unicode Consortium that represents almost
all of the written languages of the world. The Unicode standard [UNICODE5.0.0/2007]
provides three forms (UTF-8, UTF-16, and UTF-32) and seven schemes (UTF-8,
UTF-16, UTF-16 BE, UTF-16 LE, UTF-32, UTF-32 LE, and UTF-32 BE).
Uniform Resource Locator
(URL): A string of characters in a standardized format that identifies a
document or resource on the World Wide Web. The format is as specified in [RFC1738].
UTF-8: A byte-oriented
standard for encoding Unicode characters, defined in the Unicode standard. Unless
specified otherwise, this term refers to the UTF-8 encoding form specified in
[UNICODE5.0.0/2007] section 3.9.
Vector Markup Language (VML):
A system of marking up or tagging two-dimensional vector graphics for
publication on the World Wide Web. VML graphics are scalable and editable, and
typically require less disk space and less time to download.
web component: Any
component, such as a bitmap, image, Java applet, or ActiveX control, that can
be inserted into a webpage.
Windows metafile format (WMF):
A file format used by Windows that supports the definition of images, including
a format for clip art in word-processing documents.
wrap polygon: A shape
that is built from a pattern of points and segments, and delineates an area
that is associated with a graphic. A wrap polygon enables a word processing or
other type of application to break lines of text automatically to stay outside
of the boundaries set by the polygon, or to display text behind or in front of
XML: The Extensible
Markup Language, as described in [XML1.0].
z-order: The rendering
order of an object on a z axis.
SHOULD, MUST, SHOULD NOT, MUST NOT: These terms (in all caps) are used as
defined in [RFC2119]. All
statements of optional behavior use either MAY, SHOULD, or SHOULD NOT.