Set-ADServiceAccount

Modifies an Active Directory managed service account or group managed service account object.

Syntax

Set-ADServiceAccount
   [-Identity] <ADServiceAccount>
   [-AccountExpirationDate <DateTime>]
   [-AccountNotDelegated <Boolean>]
   [-Add <Hashtable>]
   [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]
   [-AuthenticationPolicy <ADAuthenticationPolicy>]
   [-AuthenticationPolicySilo <ADAuthenticationPolicySilo>]
   [-Certificates <String[]>]
   [-Clear <String[]>]
   [-CompoundIdentitySupported <Boolean>]
   [-Confirm]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-DNSHostName <String>]
   [-Description <String>]
   [-DisplayName <String>]
   [-Enabled <Boolean>]
   [-HomePage <String>]
   [-KerberosEncryptionType <ADKerberosEncryptionType>]
   [-Partition <String>]
   [-PassThru]
   [-PrincipalsAllowedToDelegateToAccount <ADPrincipal[]>]
   [-PrincipalsAllowedToRetrieveManagedPassword <ADPrincipal[]>]
   [-Remove <Hashtable>]
   [-Replace <Hashtable>]
   [-SamAccountName <String>]
   [-Server <String>]
   [-ServicePrincipalNames <Hashtable>]
   [-TrustedForDelegation <Boolean>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [<CommonParameters>]
Set-ADServiceAccount
   [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]
   [-Confirm]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   -Instance <ADServiceAccount>
   [-PassThru]
   [-Server <String>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Set-ADServiceAccount cmdlet modifies the properties of an Active Directory managed service account (MSA). You can modify commonly used property values by using the cmdlet parameters. Property values that are not associated with cmdlet parameters can be modified by using the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters.

The Identity parameter specifies the Active Directory MSA to modify. You can identify an MSA by its distinguished name, GUID, security identifier (SID), or Security Account Manager (SAM) account name. You can also set the Identity parameter to an object variable such as $<localServiceAccountObject>, or you can pass an object through the pipeline to the Identity parameter. For example, you can use the Get-ADServiceAccount cmdlet to retrieve a MSA object and then pass the object through the pipeline to the Set-ADServiceAccount cmdlet.

The Instance parameter provides a way to update an MSA object by applying the changes made to a copy of the object. When you set the Instance parameter to a copy of an Active Directory MSA object that has been modified, the Set-ADServiceAccount cmdlet makes the same changes to the original MSA object. To get a copy of the object to modify, use the Get-ADServiceAccount object. When you specify the Instance parameter you should not pass the Identity parameter. For more information about the Instance parameter, see the Instance parameter description.

Examples

Example 1: Set the description for an MSA

PS C:\> Set-ADServiceAccount -Identity Service1 -Description "Secretive Data Server"

This command sets the description of the MSA identified as Service1 to Secretive Data Server.

Example 2: Replace the value of a property for an MSA

PS C:\> Set-ADServiceAccount -Identity Mongol01ADAM -ServicePrincipalNames @{replace="ADAMwdb/a.contoso.com", "ADAMbdb/a.contoso.com"}

This command replaces the value of property ServicePrincipalNames with ADAMwdb/a.contoso.com, ADAMbdb/a.contoso.com.

Example 3: Set the principals allowed to retrieve the password for an MSA

PS C:\> Set-ADServiceAccount -Identity Service1 -PrincipalsAllowedToRetrieveManagedPassword "MsaAdmins.corp.contoso.com"

This command sets the principals allowed to retrieve the password for this MSA to be limited to members of the specified Active Directory group account.

Example 4: Set the ServicePrincipalNames property

PS C:\> Set-ADServiceAccount -Identity AccessTSQA -ServicePrincipalNames @{Add=ACCESSAPP/TSQA.contoso.com}

This command modifies the ServicePrincipalNames property for the AccessTSQA MSA by specifying the Identity and ServicePrincipalNames parameters.

Example 5: Get a specified MSA and modify its ServicePrincipalNames property

PS C:\> Get-ADServiceAccount -Identity "AccessTSQA" | Set-ADServiceAccount -ServicePrincipalNames @{Add=ACCESSAPP/TSQA.contoso.com}

This command modifies the ServicePrincipalNames property for the AccessTSQA MSA. The command uses the Get-ADServiceAccount cmdlet to get the AccessTSQA MSA, and then passes the AccessTSQA MSA to the current cmdlet by using the pipeline operator.

Example 6: Set an MSA from a local instance

PS C:\> $ServiceAccount = Get-ADServiceAccount -Identity "AccessTSQA"
PS C:\> $ServiceAccount.ServicePrincipalNames = @{Add=ACCESSAPP/TSQA.contoso.com}
PS C:\> Set-ADServiceAccount -Instance $ServiceAccount

This example modifies the ServicePrincipalNames property for the AccessTSQA MSA. The example modifies a local instance of the AccessTSQA MSA, and then specifies the Instance parameter for the current cmdlet as the local instance.

Required Parameters

-Identity

Specifies an Active Directory account object by providing one of the following property values. The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • A distinguished name
  • A GUID (objectGUID)
  • A security identifier (objectSid)
  • A SAM account name (sAMAccountName)

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

Type:ADServiceAccount
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Instance

Specifies a modified copy of a service account object to use to update the actual Active Directory service account object. When this parameter is used, any modifications made to the modified copy of the object are also made to the corresponding Active Directory object. The cmdlet only updates the object properties that have changed.

The Instance parameter can only update service account objects that have been retrieved by using the Get-ADServiceAccount cmdlet. When you specify the Instance parameter, you cannot specify other parameters that set properties on the object.

Type:ADServiceAccount
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Optional Parameters

-AccountExpirationDate

Specifies the expiration date for an account. When you set this parameter to 0, the account never expires. This parameter sets the AccountExpirationDate property of an account object. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is accountExpires.

Use the DateTime syntax when you specify this parameter. Time is assumed to be local time unless otherwise specified. When a time value is not specified, the time is assumed to 12:00:00 AM local time. When a date is not specified, the date is assumed to be the current date.

Type:DateTime
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AccountNotDelegated

Indicates whether the security context of the user is delegated to a service. When this parameter is set to true, the security context of the account is not delegated to a service even when the service account is set as trusted for Kerberos delegation. This parameter sets the AccountNotDelegated property for an Active Directory account. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_NOT_DELEGATED flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute.

Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Add

Specifies values to add to an object property. Use this parameter to add one or more values to a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To modify an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can specify multiple values to a property by specifying a comma-separated list of values and more than one property by separating them using a semicolon. The format for this parameter is:

-Add @{Attribute1LDAPDisplayName=value1, value2, ...; Attribute2LDAPDisplayName=value1, value2, ...; AttributeNLDAPDisplayName=value1, value2, ...}

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the operations will be performed in the following order:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AuthType

Specifies the authentication method to use. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • Negotiate or 0
  • Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

Type:ADAuthType
Parameter Sets:Negotiate, Basic
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AuthenticationPolicy

Specifies an Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) authentication policy object. Specify the authentication policy object in one of the following formats:

  • Distinguished name
  • GUID
  • Name

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If the cmdlet finds two or more objects, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

Type:ADAuthenticationPolicy
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AuthenticationPolicySilo

Specifies an AD DS authentication policy silo object. Specify the authentication policy silo object in one of the following formats:

  • Distinguished name
  • GUID
  • Name

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If the cmdlet finds two or more objects, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

Type:ADAuthenticationPolicySilo
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Certificates

Specifies an array of certificates. The cmdlet modifies the DER-encoded X.509v3 certificates of the account. These certificates include the public key certificates issued to this account by the Microsoft Certificate Service. This parameter sets the Certificates property of the account object. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is userCertificate.

To add values:

-Certificates @{Add=value1,value2,...}

To remove values:

-Certificates @{Remove=value3,value4,...}

To replace values:

-Certificates @{Replace=value1,value2,...}

To clear all values:

-Certificates $Null

You can specify more than one operation by using a list separated by semicolons. For example, use the following syntax to add and remove Certificates values:

-Certificates @{Add=value1,value2,...};@{Remove=value3,value4,...}

The operators are applied in the following sequence:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Clear

Specifies an array of object properties that are cleared in the directory. Use this parameter to clear one or more values of a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To modify an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can modify more than one property by specifying a comma-separated list. The format for this parameter is:

-Clear Attribute1LDAPDisplayName, Attribute2LDAPDisplayName

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the operations are performed in the following order:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-CompoundIdentitySupported

Indicates whether an account supports Kerberos service tickets which includes the authorization data for the user's device. This value sets the compound identity supported flag of the Active Directory msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute.

Warning: Domain-joined Windows systems and services such as clustering manage their own msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. Therefore any changes to the flag on the msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute will be overwritten by the service or system which manages the setting.

Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Credential

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell returns a terminating error.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DNSHostName

Specifies the DNS host name.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Description

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the value of the Description property for the object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is description.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DisplayName

Specifies the display name of the object. This parameter sets the DisplayName property of the object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is displayName.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Enabled

Specifies if an account is enabled. An enabled account requires a password. This parameter sets the Enabled property for an account object. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute.

Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-HomePage

Specifies the URL of the home page of the object. This parameter sets the homePage property of an Active Directory object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is wWWHomePage.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-KerberosEncryptionType

Specifies whether an account supports Kerberos encryption types that are used when creating service tickets. This value sets the encryption types supported flags of the Active Directory msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • None
  • DES
  • RC4
  • AES128
  • AES256

None removes all encryption types from the account, which may result in the KDC being unable to issue service tickets for services using the account.

DES is a weak encryption type that is not supported by default since Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2.

Warning: Domain-joined Windows systems and services such as clustering manage their own msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. Therefore any changes to the flag on the msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute are overwritten by the service or system that manages the setting.

Type:ADKerberosEncryptionType
Parameter Sets:None, DES, RC4, AES128, AES256
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Partition

Specifies the distinguished name of an Active Directory partition. The distinguished name must be one of the naming contexts on the current directory server. The cmdlet searches this partition to find the object defined by the Identity parameter.

In many cases, a default value is used for the Partition parameter if no value is specified. The rules for determining the default value are given below. Note that rules listed first are evaluated first and once a default value can be determined, no further rules are evaluated.

In Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) environments, a default value for Partition is set in the following cases:

  • If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.
  • If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.
  • If none of the previous cases apply, the default value of Partition is set to the default partition or naming context of the target domain.

In AD LDS environments, a default value for Partition is set in the following cases:

  • If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.
  • If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.
  • If the target AD LDS instance has a default naming context, the default value of Partition will be set to the default naming context. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent (DSA) object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.
  • If none of the previous cases apply, the Partition parameter will not take any default value.
Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PrincipalsAllowedToDelegateToAccount

Specifies the accounts which can act on the behalf of users to services running as this Managed Service Account or Group Managed Service Account. This parameter sets the msDS-AllowedToActOnBehalfOfOtherIdentity attribute of the object.

Type:ADPrincipal[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PrincipalsAllowedToRetrieveManagedPassword

Specifies the membership policy for systems which can use a group managed service account. For a service to run under a group managed service account, the system must be in the membership policy of the account. This parameter sets the msDS-GroupMSAMembership attribute of a group managed service account object. This parameter should be set to the principals allowed to use this group managed service account.

Type:ADPrincipal[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Remove

Specifies that the cmdlet remove values of an object property. Use this parameter to remove one or more values of a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To remove an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can remove more than one property by specifying a semicolon-separated list. The format for this parameter is:

-Remove @{Attribute1LDAPDisplayName=value[]; Attribute2LDAPDisplayName=value[]}

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the parameters will be applied in the following sequence:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Replace

Specifies values for an object property that will replace the current values. Use this parameter to replace one or more values of a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To modify an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can modify more than one property by specifying a comma-separated list. The format for this parameter is:

-Replace @{Attribute1LDAPDisplayName=value[], Attribute2LDAPDisplayName=value[]}

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the operations will be performed in the following order:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SamAccountName

Specifies the Security Account Manager (SAM) account name of the user, group, computer, or service account. The maximum length of the description is 256 characters. To be compatible with older operating systems, create a SAM account name that is 20 characters or less. This parameter sets the SAMAccountName for an account object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is sAMAccountName.

Note: If the string value provided is not terminated with a $ character, the system adds one if needed.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Server

Specifies the Active Directory Domain Services instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: Active Directory Lightweight Domain Services, Active Directory Domain Services or Active Directory Snapshot instance.

Domain name values:

  • Fully qualified domain name (FQDN)
  • NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

  • Fully qualified directory server name
  • NetBIOS name
  • Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for the Server parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

  • By using Server value from objects passed through the pipeline.
  • By using the server information associated with the Active Directory PowerShell provider drive, when running under that drive.
  • By using the domain of the computer running PowerShell.
Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ServicePrincipalNames

Use the DateTime syntax when you specify this parameter. Time is assumed to be local time unless otherwise specified. When a time value is not specified, the time is assumed to 12:00:00 AM local time. When a date is not specified, the date is assumed to be the current date.

Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-TrustedForDelegation

Indicates whether an account is trusted for Kerberos delegation. A service that runs under an account that is trusted for Kerberos delegation can assume the identity of a client requesting the service. This parameter sets the TrustedForDelegation property of an account object. This value also sets the ADS_UF_TRUSTED_FOR_DELEGATION flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADServiceAccount

A managed service account object is received by the Identity parameter.

A managed service account object that was retrieved by using the Get-ADServiceAccount cmdlet and then modified is received by the Instance parameter.

Outputs

None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADServiceAccount

Returns the modified managed service account object when the PassThru parameter is specified. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Notes

  • This cmdlet does not work with AD LDS.
  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory snapshot.
  • This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.