Set-ADUser

Modifies an Active Directory user.

Syntax

Set-ADUser
   [-WhatIf]
   [-Confirm]
   [-AccountExpirationDate <DateTime>]
   [-AccountNotDelegated <Boolean>]
   [-Add <Hashtable>]
   [-AllowReversiblePasswordEncryption <Boolean>]
   [-AuthenticationPolicy <ADAuthenticationPolicy>]
   [-AuthenticationPolicySilo <ADAuthenticationPolicySilo>]
   [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]
   [-CannotChangePassword <Boolean>]
   [-Certificates <Hashtable>]
   [-ChangePasswordAtLogon <Boolean>]
   [-City <String>]
   [-Clear <String[]>]
   [-Company <String>]
   [-CompoundIdentitySupported <Boolean>]
   [-Country <String>]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-Department <String>]
   [-Description <String>]
   [-DisplayName <String>]
   [-Division <String>]
   [-EmailAddress <String>]
   [-EmployeeID <String>]
   [-EmployeeNumber <String>]
   [-Enabled <Boolean>]
   [-Fax <String>]
   [-GivenName <String>]
   [-HomeDirectory <String>]
   [-HomeDrive <String>]
   [-HomePage <String>]
   [-HomePhone <String>]
   [-Identity] <ADUser>
   [-Initials <String>]
   [-KerberosEncryptionType <ADKerberosEncryptionType>]
   [-LogonWorkstations <String>]
   [-Manager <ADUser>]
   [-MobilePhone <String>]
   [-Office <String>]
   [-OfficePhone <String>]
   [-Organization <String>]
   [-OtherName <String>]
   [-Partition <String>]
   [-PassThru]
   [-PasswordNeverExpires <Boolean>]
   [-PasswordNotRequired <Boolean>]
   [-POBox <String>]
   [-PostalCode <String>]
   [-PrincipalsAllowedToDelegateToAccount <ADPrincipal[]>]
   [-ProfilePath <String>]
   [-Remove <Hashtable>]
   [-Replace <Hashtable>]
   [-SamAccountName <String>]
   [-ScriptPath <String>]
   [-Server <String>]
   [-ServicePrincipalNames <Hashtable>]
   [-SmartcardLogonRequired <Boolean>]
   [-State <String>]
   [-StreetAddress <String>]
   [-Surname <String>]
   [-Title <String>]
   [-TrustedForDelegation <Boolean>]
   [-UserPrincipalName <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]
Set-ADUser
   [-WhatIf]
   [-Confirm]
   [-AuthType <ADAuthType>]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   -Instance <ADUser>
   [-PassThru]
   [-SamAccountName <String>]
   [-Server <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Set-ADUser cmdlet modifies the properties of an Active Directory user. You can modify commonly used property values by using the cmdlet parameters. You can set property values that are not associated with cmdlet parameters by using the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters.

The Identity parameter specifies the Active Directory user to modify. You can identify a user by its distinguished name, GUID, security identifier (SID), or Security Account Manager (SAM) account name. You can also set the Identity parameter to an object variable such as $<localUserObject>, or you can pass an object through the pipeline to the Identity parameter. For example, you can use the Get-ADUser cmdlet to retrieve a user object and then pass the object through the pipeline to the Set-ADUser cmdlet.

The Instance parameter provides a way to update a user object by applying the changes made to a copy of the object. When you set the Instance parameter to a copy of an Active Directory user object that has been modified, the Set-ADUser cmdlet makes the same changes to the original user object. To get a copy of the object to modify, use the Get-ADUser object. The Identity parameter is not allowed when you use the Instance parameter. For more information about the Instance parameter, see the Instance parameter description.

Accounts created with the New-ADUser cmdlet are disabled if no password is provided.

For AD LDS environments, the Partition parameter must be specified except in the following two conditions:

  • The cmdlet is run from an Active Directory provider drive.
  • A default naming context or partition is defined for the AD LDS environment. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.

Examples

Example 1: Set properties for a user

PS C:\> Set-ADUser -Identity ChewDavid -HomePage 'http://fabrikam.com/employees/ChewDavid' -LogonWorkstations 'ChewDavid-DSKTOP,ChewDavid-LPTOP'

This command sets the specified user's homepage property to http://fabrikam.com/employees/ChewDavid and the LogonWorkstations property to ChewDavid-DSKTOP,ChewDavid-LPTOP.

Example 2: Set properties for multiple users

PS C:\> Get-ADUser -Filter 'Name -like "*"' -SearchBase 'OU=HumanResources,OU=UserAccounts,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM' -Properties DisplayName | % {Set-ADUser $_ -DisplayName ($_.Surname + ' ' + $_.GivenName)}

This command gets all the users in the directory that are located in the OU=HumanResources,OU=UserAccounts,DC=FABRIKAM,DC=COM organizational unit. The command sets the DisplayName property on these user objects to the concatenation of the Surname property and the GivenName property.

Example 3: Set properties

PS C:\> Set-ADUser -Identity GlenJohn -Replace @{title="director";mail="glenjohn@fabrikam.com"}

This command sets the specified user's title property to director and the mail property to glenjohn@fabrikam.com.

Example 4: Modify a user otherMailbox property

PS C:\> Set-ADUser -Identity GlenJohn -Remove @{otherMailbox="glen.john"} -Add @{url="fabrikam.com"} -Replace @{title="manager"} -Clear description

This command modifies the user with the SAM account name GlenJohn's object by removing glen.john from the otherMailbox property, adding fabrikam.com to the url property, replacing the title property with manager, and clearing the description property.

Example 5: Set user properties to a local instance

PS C:\> $User = Get-ADUser -Identity GlenJohn -Properties mail,department
PS C:\> $User.mail = "glen@fabrikam.com"
PS C:\> $User.department = "Accounting"
PS C:\> Set-ADUser -Instance $User

This example sets the mail and department properties on the user object with the SAM account name GlenJohn by using the Instance parameter.

Example 6: Set attributes for a user

PS C:\> $Hours = New-Object byte[] 21
PS C:\> $Hours[5] = 255; $Hours[8] = 255; $Hours[11] = 255; $Hours[14] = 255; $Hours[17] = 255;
PS C:\> $Hours[6] = 1; $Hours[9] = 1; $Hours[12] = 1; $Hours[15] = 1; $Hours[18] = 1;
PS C:\> $ReplaceHashTable = New-Object HashTable
PS C:\> $ReplaceHashTable.Add("logonHours", $Hours)
PS C:\> $ReplaceHashTable.Add("description", "Sarah Davis can only logon from Monday through Friday from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM")
PS C:\> Set-ADUser -Identity "SarahDavis" -Replace $ReplaceHashTable

This example sets the user logon hours to Monday through Friday from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM and adds a description. It updates the logonHours attribute with the specified byte array and the description attribute with the specified string.

Example 7: Set a property for a user

PS C:\> $Manager = Get-ADUser -Identity GlenJohn -Server Corp-DC01 
PS C:\> Set-ADUser -Identity ChewDavid -Manager $Manager -Server Branch-DC02

This example sets the Manager property for the user with the SAM account name of ChewDavid where the manager, GlenJohn, is a user in another domain.

Example 8: Get a user and set a property

PS C:\> Get-ADUser -Identity "DavidChew" | Set-ADUser -Manager "ElisaDaugherty"

This command modifies the Manager property for the DavidChew user. The command uses the Get-ADUser cmdlet to get the user DavidChew, and then passes the object to the current cmdlet by using the pipeline operator.

Required Parameters

-Identity

Specifies an Active Directory user object by providing one of the following property values. The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • A distinguished name
  • A GUID (objectGUID)
  • A security identifier (objectSid)
  • A SAM account name (sAMAccountName)

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

Type:ADUser
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Instance

Specifies an ADUser object that identifies the Active Directory user object that should be modified and the set of changes that should be made to that object. When this parameter is specified, any modifications made to the ADUser object are also made to the corresponding Active Directory object. The cmdlet only updates the object properties that have changed.

The ADUser object specified as the value of the Instance parameter must have been retrieved by using the Get-ADUser cmdlet. When you specify the Instance parameter, you cannot specify other parameters that set individual properties on the object.

Type:ADUser
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Optional Parameters

-AccountExpirationDate

Specifies the expiration date for an account. When you set this parameter to 0, the account never expires. This parameter sets the AccountExpirationDate property of an account object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is accountExpires.

Use the DateTime syntax when you specify this parameter. Time is assumed to be local time unless otherwise specified. When a time value is not specified, the time is assumed to 12:00:00 AM local time. When a date is not specified, the date is assumed to be the current date.

Type:DateTime
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AccountNotDelegated

Indicates whether the security context of the user is delegated to a service. When this parameter is set to $True, the security context of the account is not delegated to a service even when the service account is set as trusted for Kerberos delegation. This parameter sets the AccountNotDelegated property for an Active Directory account. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_NOT_DELEGATED flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Add

Specifies values to add to an object property. Use this parameter to add one or more values to a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To modify an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can specify multiple values to a property by specifying a comma-separated list of values and more than one property by separating them using a semicolon. The format for this parameter is:

-Add @{Attribute1LDAPDisplayName=value1, value2, ...; Attribute2LDAPDisplayName=value1, value2, ...; AttributeNLDAPDisplayName=value1, value2, ...}

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the operations will be performed in the following order:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AllowReversiblePasswordEncryption

Indicates whether reversible password encryption is allowed for the account. This parameter sets the AllowReversiblePasswordEncryption property of the account. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_ENCRYPTED_TEXT_PASSWORD_ALLOWED flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AuthType

Specifies the authentication method to use. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • Negotiate or 0
  • Basic or 1

The default authentication method is Negotiate.

A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection is required for the Basic authentication method.

Type:ADAuthType
Parameter Sets:Negotiate, Basic
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AuthenticationPolicy

Specifies an Active Directory Domain Services authentication policy object. Specify the authentication policy object in one of the following formats:

  • Distinguished name
  • GUID
  • Name

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If the cmdlet finds two or more objects, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

Type:ADAuthenticationPolicy
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-AuthenticationPolicySilo

Specifies an Active Directory Domain Services authentication policy silo object. Specify the authentication policy silo object in one of the following formats:

  • Distinguished name
  • GUID
  • Name

This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance.

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If the cmdlet finds two or more objects, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error.

Type:ADAuthenticationPolicySilo
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-CannotChangePassword

Indicates whether the account password can be changed. This parameter sets the CannotChangePassword property of an account. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Certificates

Specifies an array of certificates. The cmdlet modifies the DER-encoded X.509v3 certificates of the account. These certificates include the public key certificates issued to this account by the Microsoft Certificate Service. This parameter sets the Certificates property of the account object. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is userCertificate.

To add values:

-Certificates @{Add=value1,value2,...}

To remove values:

-Certificates @{Remove=value3,value4,...}

To replace values:

-Certificates @{Replace=value1,value2,...}

To clear all values:

-Certificates $Null

You can specify more than one operation by using a list separated by semicolons. For example, use the following syntax to add and remove Certificates values:

-Certificates @{Add=value1,value2,...};@{Remove=value3,value4,...}

The operators are applied in the following sequence:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ChangePasswordAtLogon

Indicates whether a password must be changed during the next logon attempt. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-City

Specifies the user's town or city. This parameter sets the City property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is l.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Clear

Specifies an array of object properties that are cleared in the directory. Use this parameter to clear one or more values of a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To modify an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can modify more than one property by specifying a comma-separated list. The format for this parameter is:

-Clear Attribute1LDAPDisplayName, Attribute2LDAPDisplayName

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the operations are performed in the following order:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Company

Specifies the user's company. This parameter sets the Company property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is company.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-CompoundIdentitySupported

Indicates whether an account supports Kerberos service tickets which includes the authorization data for the user's device. This value sets the compound identity supported flag of the Active Directory msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1

Warning: Domain-joined Windows systems and services such as clustering manage their own msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. Therefore any changes to the flag on the msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute are overwritten by the service or system that manages the setting.

Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Country

Specifies the country or region code for the user's language of choice. This parameter sets the Country property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is c. This value is not used by Windows 2000.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Credential

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

To specify this parameter, you can type a user name, such as User1 or Domain01\User01 or you can specify a PSCredential object. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password.

You can also create a PSCredential object by using a script or by using the Get-Credential cmdlet. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Department

Specifies the user's department. This parameter sets the Department property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is department.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Description

Specifies a description of the object. This parameter sets the value of the Description property for the user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is description.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DisplayName

Specifies the display name of the object. This parameter sets the DisplayName property of the user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is displayName.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Division

Specifies the user's division. This parameter sets the Division property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is division.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-EmailAddress

Specifies the user's e-mail address. This parameter sets the EmailAddress property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is mail.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-EmployeeID

Specifies the user's employee ID. This parameter sets the EmployeeID property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is employeeID.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-EmployeeNumber

Specifies the user's employee number. This parameter sets the EmployeeNumber property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is employeeNumber.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Enabled

Indicates whether an account is enabled. An enabled account requires a password. This parameter sets the Enabled property for an account object. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_ACCOUNTDISABLE flag of the Active Directory User Account Control (UAC) attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Fax

Specifies the user's fax phone number. This parameter sets the Fax property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is facsimileTelephoneNumber.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-GivenName

Specifies the user's given name. This parameter sets the GivenName property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is givenName.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-HomeDirectory

Specifies a user's home directory. This parameter sets the HomeDirectory property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is homeDirectory.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-HomeDrive

Specifies a drive that is associated with the UNC path defined by the HomeDirectory property. The drive letter is specified as <DriveLetter>: where <DriveLetter> indicates the letter of the drive to associate. The <DriveLetter> must be a single, uppercase letter and the colon is required. This parameter sets the HomeDrive property of the user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is homeDrive.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-HomePage

Specifies the URL of the home page of the object. This parameter sets the homePage property of an Active Directory object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is wWWHomePage.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-HomePhone

Specifies the user's home telephone number. This parameter sets the HomePhone property of a user. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is homePhone.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Initials

Specifies the initials that represent part of a user's name. You can use this value for the user's middle initial. This parameter sets the Initials property of a user. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is initials.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-KerberosEncryptionType

Specifies whether an account supports Kerberos encryption types which are used during creation of service tickets. This value sets the encryption types supported flags of the Active Directory msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • None
  • DES
  • RC4
  • AES128
  • AES256

None removes all encryption types from the account, resulting in the KDC being unable to issue service tickets for services using the account.

DES is a weak encryption type that is not supported by default since Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2.

Warning: Domain-joined Windows systems and services such as clustering manage their own msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute. Therefore any changes to the flag on the msDS-SupportedEncryptionTypes attribute are overwritten by the service or system that manages the setting.

Type:ADKerberosEncryptionType
Parameter Sets:None, DES, RC4, AES128, AES256
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-LogonWorkstations

Specifies the computers that the user can access. To specify more than one computer, create a single comma-separated list. You can identify a computer by using the Security Account Manager (SAM) account name (sAMAccountName) or the DNS host name of the computer. The SAM account name is the same as the NetBIOS name of the computer.

The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is userWorkStations.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Manager

Specifies the user's manager. This parameter sets the Manager property of a user object. This parameter is set by providing one of the following property values. Note: The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the property. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • A distinguished name
  • A GUID (objectGUID)
  • A security identifier (objectSid)
  • A SAM account name (sAMAccountName)

The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is manager.

Type:ADUser
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MobilePhone

Specifies the user's mobile phone number. This parameter sets the MobilePhone property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is mobile.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Office

Specifies the location of the user's office or place of business. This parameter sets the Office property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is office.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-OfficePhone

Specifies the user's office telephone number. This parameter sets the OfficePhone property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is telephoneNumber.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Organization

Specifies the user's organization. This parameter sets the Organization property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is o.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-OtherName

Specifies a name in addition to a user's given name and surname, such as the user's middle name. This parameter sets the OtherName property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is middleName.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-POBox

Specifies the user's post office box number. This parameter sets the POBox property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is postOfficeBox.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Partition

Specifies the distinguished name of an Active Directory partition. The distinguished name must be one of the naming contexts on the current directory server. The cmdlet searches this partition to find the object defined by the Identity parameter.

In many cases, a default value is used for the Partition parameter if no value is specified. The rules for determining the default value are given below. Note that rules listed first are evaluated first and when a default value can be determined, no further rules are evaluated.

In AD DS environments, a default value for Partition are set in the following cases:

  • If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.
  • If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.
  • If none of the previous cases apply, the default value of Partition is set to the default partition or naming context of the target domain.

In AD LDS environments, a default value for Partition will be set in the following cases:

  • If the Identity parameter is set to a distinguished name, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from this distinguished name.
  • If running cmdlets from an Active Directory provider drive, the default value of Partition is automatically generated from the current path in the drive.
  • If the target AD LDS instance has a default naming context, the default value of Partition is set to the default naming context. To specify a default naming context for an AD LDS environment, set the msDS-defaultNamingContext property of the Active Directory directory service agent object (nTDSDSA) for the AD LDS instance.
  • If none of the previous cases apply, the Partition parameter does not take any default value.
Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PassThru

Returns an object representing the item with which you are working. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PasswordNeverExpires

Specifies whether the password of an account can expire. This parameter sets the PasswordNeverExpires property of an account object. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_DONT_EXPIRE_PASSWD flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1

Note: This parameter cannot be set to $True or 1 for an account that also has the ChangePasswordAtLogon property set to $True.

Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PasswordNotRequired

Specifies whether the account requires a password. This parameter sets the PasswordNotRequired property of an account, such as a user or computer account. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_PASSWD_NOTREQD flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PostalCode

Specifies the postal code or zip code. This parameter sets the PostalCode property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is postalCode.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PrincipalsAllowedToDelegateToAccount

Specifies an array of principal objects. This parameter sets the msDS-AllowedToActOnBehalfOfOtherIdentity attribute of a computer account object.

Type:ADPrincipal[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ProfilePath

Specifies a path to the user's profile. This value can be a local absolute path or a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) path. This parameter sets the ProfilePath property of the user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is profilePath.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Remove

Specifies that the cmdlet remove values of an object property. Use this parameter to remove one or more values of a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To remove an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can remove more than one property by specifying a semicolon-separated list. The format for this parameter is:

-Remove @{Attribute1LDAPDisplayName=value[]; Attribute2LDAPDisplayName=value[]}

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the parameters are applied in the following sequence:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Replace

Specifies values for an object property that will replace the current values. Use this parameter to replace one or more values of a property that cannot be modified using a cmdlet parameter. To modify an object property, you must use the LDAP display name. You can modify more than one property by specifying a comma-separated list. The format for this parameter is:

-Replace @{Attribute1LDAPDisplayName=value[], Attribute2LDAPDisplayName=value[]}

When you use the Add, Remove, Replace, and Clear parameters together, the operations will be performed in the following order:

  • Remove
  • Add
  • Replace
  • Clear
Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SamAccountName

Specifies the Security Account Manager (SAM) account name of the user, group, computer, or service account. The maximum length of the description is 256 characters. To be compatible with older operating systems, create a SAM account name that is 20 characters or less. This parameter sets the SAMAccountName for an account object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is sAMAccountName.

Note: If the string value provided is not terminated with a $ character, the system adds one if needed.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ScriptPath

Specifies a path to the user's log on script. This value can be a local absolute path or a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) path. This parameter sets the ScriptPath property of the user. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) for this property is scriptPath.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Server

Specifies the AD DS instance to connect to, by providing one of the following values for a corresponding domain name or directory server. The service may be any of the following: AD LDS, AD DS, or Active Directory snapshot instance.

Specify the AD DS instance in one of the following ways:

Domain name values:

  • Fully qualified domain name
  • NetBIOS name

Directory server values:

  • Fully qualified directory server name
  • NetBIOS name
  • Fully qualified directory server name and port

The default value for this parameter is determined by one of the following methods in the order that they are listed:

  • By using the Server value from objects passed through the pipeline
  • By using the server information associated with the AD DS Windows PowerShell provider drive, when the cmdlet runs in that drive
  • By using the domain of the computer running Windows PowerShell
Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ServicePrincipalNames

Use the DateTime syntax when you specify this parameter. Time is assumed to be local time unless otherwise specified. When a time value is not specified, the time is assumed to 12:00:00 AM local time. When a date is not specified, the date is assumed to be the current date.

Type:Hashtable
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SmartcardLogonRequired

Indicates whether a smart card is required to logon. This parameter sets the SmartCardLoginRequired property for a user. This parameter also sets the ADS_UF_SMARTCARD_REQUIRED flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-State

Specifies the user's state or province. This parameter sets the State property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is st.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-StreetAddress

Specifies the user's street address. This parameter sets the StreetAddress property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is streetAddress.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Surname

Specifies the user's last name or surname. This parameter sets the Surname property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is sn.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Title

Specifies the user's title. This parameter sets the Title property of a user object. The LDAP display name (ldapDisplayName) of this property is title.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-TrustedForDelegation

Specifies whether an account is trusted for Kerberos delegation. A service that runs under an account that is trusted for Kerberos delegation can assume the identity of a client requesting the service. This parameter sets the TrustedForDelegation property of an account object. This value also sets the ADS_UF_TRUSTED_FOR_DELEGATION flag of the Active Directory User Account Control attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • $False or 0
  • $True or 1
Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-UserPrincipalName

Specifies a user principal name (UPN) in the format <user>@<DNS-domain-name>. A UPN is a friendly name assigned by an administrator that is shorter than the LDAP distinguished name used by the system and easier to remember. The UPN is independent of the user object's distinguished name, so a user object can be moved or renamed without affecting the user logon name. When logging on using a UPN, users don't have to choose a domain from a list on the logon dialog box.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser

A user object is received by the Identity parameter.

A user object that was retrieved by using the Get-ADUser cmdlet and then modified is received by the Instance parameter.

Outputs

None or Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADUser

Returns the modified user object when the PassThru parameter is specified. By default, this cmdlet does not generate any output.

Notes

  • This cmdlet does not work with an Active Directory snapshot.
  • This cmdlet does not work with a read-only domain controller.