New-MailContact

This cmdlet is available in on-premises Exchange and in the cloud-based service. Some parameters and settings may be exclusive to one environment or the other.

Use the New-MailContact cmdlet to create mail contacts.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Exchange cmdlet syntax (https://technet.microsoft.com/library/bb123552.aspx).

Syntax

New-MailContact
   [-Name] <String>
   -ExternalEmailAddress <ProxyAddress>
   [-Alias <String>]
   [-ArbitrationMailbox <MailboxIdParameter>]
   [-Confirm]
   [-DisplayName <String>]
   [-DomainController <Fqdn>]
   [-FirstName <String>]
   [-Initials <String>]
   [-LastName <String>]
   [-MacAttachmentFormat <BinHex | UuEncode | AppleSingle | AppleDouble>]
   [-MessageBodyFormat <Text | Html | TextAndHtml>]
   [-MessageFormat <Text | Mime>]
   [-ModeratedBy <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-ModerationEnabled <$true | $false>]
   [-OrganizationalUnit <OrganizationalUnitIdParameter>]
   [-OverrideRecipientQuotas]
   [-PrimarySmtpAddress <SmtpAddress>]
   [-SendModerationNotifications <Never | Internal | Always>]
   [-UsePreferMessageFormat <$true | $false>]
   [-WhatIf]
   [-ExternalDirectoryObjectId <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although this topic lists all parameters for the cmdlet, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To find the permissions required to run any cmdlet or parameter in your organization, see Find the permissions required to run any Exchange cmdlet (https://technet.microsoft.com/library/mt432940.aspx).

Examples

-------------------------- Example 1 --------------------------

New-MailContact -Name "Chris Ashton" -ExternalEmailAddress "chris@tailspintoys.com"

This example creates a new mail contact named Chris Ashton.

Required Parameters

-ExternalEmailAddress

The ExternalEmailAddress parameter specifies the target email address of the mail contact or mail user. By default, this value is used as the primary email address of the mail contact or mail user.

In on-premises environments, you can use the PrimarySMTPAddress parameter to set the primary email address to a different value. However, we recommend this only in cross-forest environments.

Type:ProxyAddress
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-Name

The Name parameter specifies the unique name of the mail contact. The maximum length is 64 characters. If the value contains spaces, enclose the value in quotation marks (").

This value is also used for the DisplayName property if you don't use the DisplayName parameter.

Type:String
Position:1
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection

Optional Parameters

-Alias

The Alias parameter specifies the Exchange alias (also known as the mail nickname) for the recipient. This value identifies the recipient as a mail-enabled object, and shouldn't be confused with multiple email addresses for the same recipient (also known as proxy addresses). A recipient can have only one Alias value.

The value of Alias can contain letters, numbers and the characters !, #, $, %, &, ', *, +, -, /, =, ?, ^, _, `, {, |, } and ~. Periods (.) are allowed, but each period must be surrounded by other valid characters (for example, help.desk). Unicode characters from U+00A1 to U+00FF are also allowed. The maximum length of the Alias value is 64 characters.

When you create a recipient without specifying an email address, the Alias value you specify is used to generate the primary email address (<alias>@<domain>). Supported Unicode characters are mapped to best-fit US-ASCII text characters. For example, U+00F6 (ö) is changed to oe in the primary email address.

If you don't use the Alias parameter when you create a recipient, the value of a different required parameter is used for the Alias property value:

  • Recipients with user accounts (for example, user mailboxes, and mail users): The left side of the MicrosoftOnlineServicesID or UserPrincipalName parameter is used. For example, helpdesk@contoso.com results in the Alias property value helpdesk.

  • Recipeints without user accounts (for example, room mailboxes, mail contacts, and distribution groups): The value of the Name parameter is used. Spaces are removed and unsupported characters are converted to question marks (?).

If you modify the Alias value of an existing recipient, the primary email address is automatically updated only in environments where the recipient is subject to email address policies (the EmailAddressPolicyEnabled property is True for the recipient).

The Alias parameter never generates or updates the primary email address of a mail contact or a mail user.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-ArbitrationMailbox

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The ArbitrationMailbox parameter specifies the arbitration mailbox that's used to manage the moderation process for this recipient. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the arbitration mailbox.

For example:

  • Name

  • Display name

  • Alias

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • Canonical DN

  • <domain name>\<account name>

  • Email address

  • GUID

  • LegacyExchangeDN

  • SamAccountName

  • User ID or user principal name (UPN)

Type:MailboxIdParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-Confirm

The Confirm switch specifies whether to show or hide the confirmation prompt. How this switch affects the cmdlet depends on if the cmdlet requires confirmation before proceeding.

  • Destructive cmdlets (for example, Remove-* cmdlets) have a built-in pause that forces you to acknowledge the command before proceeding. For these cmdlets, you can skip the confirmation prompt by using this exact syntax: -Confirm:$false.

  • Most other cmdlets (for example, New-* and Set-* cmdlets) don't have a built-in pause. For these cmdlets, specifying the Confirm switch without a value introduces a pause that forces you acknowledge the command before proceeding.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-DisplayName

The DisplayName parameter specifies the display name of the mail contact. The display name is visible in the Exchange admin center and in address lists. The maximum length is 256 characters. If the value contains spaces, enclose the value in quotation marks (").

If you don't use the DisplayName parameter, the value of the Name parameter is used for the display name.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-DomainController

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The DomainController parameter specifies the domain controller that's used by this cmdlet to read data from or write data to Active Directory. You identify the domain controller by its fully qualified domain name (FQDN). For example, dc01.contoso.com.

Type:Fqdn
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-ExternalDirectoryObjectId

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-FirstName

The FirstName parameter specifies the user's first name.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-Initials

The Initials parameter specifies the user's middle initials.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-LastName

The LastName parameter specifies the user's last name.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-MacAttachmentFormat

The MacAttachmentFormat parameter specifies the Apple Macintosh operating system attachment format to use for messages sent to the mail contact or mail user. Valid values are:

  • BinHex (This is the default value)

  • UuEncode

  • AppleSingle

  • AppleDouble

The MacAttachmentFormat and MessageFormat parameters are interdependent:

  • MessageFormat is Text: MacAttachmentFormat can be BinHex or UuEncode.

  • MessageFormat is Mime: MacAttachmentFormat can be BinHex, AppleSingle, or AppleDouble.

Type:BinHex | UuEncode | AppleSingle | AppleDouble
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-MessageBodyFormat

The MessageBodyFormat parameter specifies the message body format for messages sent to the mail contact or mail user. Valid values are:

  • Text

  • Html

  • TextAndHtml (This is the default value)

The MessageFormat and MessageBodyFormat parameters are interdependent:

  • MessageFormat is Mime: MessageBodyFormat can be Text, Html, or TextAndHtml.

  • MessageFormat is Text: MessageBodyFormat can only be Text.

Type:Text | Html | TextAndHtml
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-MessageFormat

The MessageBodyFormat parameter specifies the message body format for messages sent to the mail contact or mail user. Valid values are:

  • Text

  • Html

  • TextAndHtml (This is the default value)

The MessageFormat and MessageBodyFormat parameters are interdependent:

  • MessageFormat is Mime: MessageBodyFormat can be Text, Html, or TextAndHtml.

  • MessageFormat is Text: MessageBodyFormat can only be Text.

Type:Text | Mime
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-ModeratedBy

The ModeratedBy parameter specifies one or more moderators for this mail contact. A moderator approves messages sent to the mail contact before the messages are delivered. A moderator must be a mailbox, mail user, or mail contact in your organization. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the moderator.

For example:

  • Name

  • Display name

  • Alias

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • Canonical DN

  • Email address

  • GUID

To enter multiple values, use the following syntax: <value1>,<value2>,...<valueX>. If the values contain spaces or otherwise require quotation marks, use the following syntax: "<value1>","<value2>",..."<valueX>".

You need to use this parameter to specify at least one moderator when you set the ModerationEnabled parameter to the value $true.

Type:MultiValuedProperty
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-ModerationEnabled

The ModerationEnabled parameter specifies whether moderation is enabled for this recipient. Valid value are:

  • $true: Moderation is enabled for this recipient. Messages sent to this recipient must be approved by a moderator before the messages are delivered.

  • $false: Moderation is disabled for this recipient. Messages sent to this recipient are delivered without the approval of a moderator. This is the default value.

You use the ModeratedBy parameter to specify the moderators.

Type:$true | $false
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-OrganizationalUnit

The OrganizationalUnit parameter specifies the location in Active Directory where the new contact is created.

Valid input for this parameter is an organizational unit (OU) or domain that's visible using the Get-OrganizationalUnit cmdlet. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the OU or domain. For example:

  • Name

  • Canonical name

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • GUID

Type:OrganizationalUnitIdParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-OverrideRecipientQuotas

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-PrimarySmtpAddress

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The PrimarySmtpAddress parameter specifies the primary return email address that's used for the recipient. If it's available on this cmdlet, you can't use the EmailAddresses and PrimarySmtpAddress parameters in the same command.

By default, the primary address is the same as the ExternalEmailAddress parameter value.

If you use the PrimarySmtpAddress parameter to specify the primary email address, the command sets the EmailAddressPolicyEnabled property of the mail contact to False, which means the email addresses of the mail contact aren't automatically updated by email address policies. We recommend that you don't set the primary email address to a value other than the ExternalEmailAddress unless you're in a cross-forest scenario.

Type:SmtpAddress
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-SendModerationNotifications

The SendModerationNotifications parameter specifies when moderation notification messages are sent. Valid values are:

  • Always: Notify all senders when their messages aren't approved. This is the default value.

  • Internal: Notify senders in the organization when their messages aren't approved.

  • Never: Don't notify anyone when a message isn't approved.

This parameter is only meaningful when moderation is enabled (the ModerationEnabled parameter has the value $true).

Type:Never | Internal | Always
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-UsePreferMessageFormat

The UsePreferMessageFormat specifies whether the message format settings configured for the mail user or mail contact override the global settings configured for the remote domain or configured by the message sender. Valid value are:

  • $true: Messages sent to the mail user or mail contact use the message format that's configured for the mail user or mail contact.

  • $false: Messages sent to the mail user or mail contact use the message format that's configured for the remote domain (the default remote domain or a specific remote domain) or configured by the message sender. This is the default value.

Type:$true | $false
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection
-WhatIf

The WhatIf switch simulates the actions of the command. You can use this switch to view the changes that would occur without actually applying those changes. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Exchange Online Protection

Inputs

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=616387). If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn't accept input data.

Outputs

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=616387). If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn't return data.