Get-Recipient

This cmdlet is available in on-premises Exchange and in the cloud-based service. Some parameters and settings may be exclusive to one environment or the other.

Use the Get-Recipient cmdlet to view existing recipient objects in your organization. This cmdlet returns all mail-enabled objects (for example, mailboxes, mail users, mail contacts, and distribution groups).

In cloud environments, to return Office 365 groups, you need to use the RecipientTypeDetails parameter with the value GroupMailbox.

For information about the parameter sets in the Syntax section below, see Exchange cmdlet syntax (https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/exchange/exchange-server/exchange-cmdlet-syntax).

Syntax

Get-Recipient
   [-Anr <String>]
   [-AuthenticationType <AuthenticationType>]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-DomainController <Fqdn>]
   [-Filter <String>]
   [-IgnoreDefaultScope]
   [-OrganizationalUnit <OrganizationalUnitIdParameter>]
   [-PropertySet <PropertySet>]
   [-ReadFromDomainController]
   [-RecipientType <RecipientType[]>]
   [-RecipientTypeDetails <RecipientTypeDetails[]>]
   [-ResultSize <Unlimited>]
   [-SortBy <String>]
   [-Capabilities <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-Database <DatabaseIdParameter>]
   [-Properties <String[]>]
   [-IncludeSoftDeletedRecipients]
   [<CommonParameters>]
Get-Recipient
   [[-Identity] <RecipientIdParameter>]
   [-AuthenticationType <AuthenticationType>]
   [-BookmarkDisplayName <String>]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-DomainController <Fqdn>]
   [-Filter <String>]
   [-IgnoreDefaultScope]
   [-IncludeBookmarkObject <Boolean>]
   [-OrganizationalUnit <OrganizationalUnitIdParameter>]
   [-PropertySet <PropertySet>]
   [-ReadFromDomainController]
   [-RecipientType <RecipientType[]>]
   [-RecipientTypeDetails <RecipientTypeDetails[]>]
   [-ResultSize <Unlimited>]
   [-SortBy <String>]
   [-Capabilities <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-Properties <String[]>]
   [-IncludeSoftDeletedRecipients]
   [<CommonParameters>]
Get-Recipient
   [-Database <DatabaseIdParameter>]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-DomainController <Fqdn>]
   [-Filter <String>]
   [-IgnoreDefaultScope]
   [-OrganizationalUnit <OrganizationalUnitIdParameter>]
   [-Properties <String[]>]
   [-PropertySet <PropertySet>]
   [-ReadFromDomainController]
   [-RecipientType <RecipientType[]>]
   [-RecipientTypeDetails <RecipientTypeDetails[]>]
   [-ResultSize <Unlimited>]
   [-SortBy <String>]
   [-IncludeSoftDeletedRecipients] [<CommonParameters>]
   [<CommonParameters>]
Get-Recipient
   [-RecipientPreviewFilter <String>]
   [-AuthenticationType <AuthenticationType>]
   [-Capabilities <MultiValuedProperty>]
   [-Credential <PSCredential>]
   [-DomainController <Fqdn>]
   [-Filter <String>]
   [-IgnoreDefaultScope]
   [-IncludeSoftDeletedRecipients]
   [-OrganizationalUnit <OrganizationalUnitIdParameter>]
   [-Properties <String[]>]
   [-PropertySet <PropertySet>]
   [-ReadFromDomainController]
   [-RecipientType <RecipientType[]>]
   [-RecipientTypeDetails <RecipientTypeDetails[]>]
   [-ResultSize <Unlimited>]
   [-SortBy <String>]
   [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Get-Recipient cmdlet may not return all object-specific properties for a recipient. To view the object-specific properties for a recipient, you need to use the corresponding cmdlet based on the object type (for example, Get-Mailbox, Get-MailUser, or Get-DistributionGroup).

You need to be assigned permissions before you can run this cmdlet. Although this topic lists all parameters for the cmdlet, you may not have access to some parameters if they're not included in the permissions assigned to you. To find the permissions required to run any cmdlet or parameter in your organization, see Find the permissions required to run any Exchange cmdlet.

Examples

Example 1

Get-Recipient -ResultSize unlimited

This example retrieves as summary list of all recipients in your organization.

Example 2

Get-Recipient -Identity "Marketing Department" | Format-List

This example returns detailed information for the recipient named Marketing Department.

Example 3

Get-Recipient -RecipientType MailContact -SortBy Office | Format-Table -Auto Office,Name

This example retrieves information about all the mail contacts in your organization and sorts them by office.

Parameters

-Anr

The Anr parameter specifies a string on which to perform an ambiguous name resolution (ANR) search. You can specify a partial string and search for objects with an attribute that matches that string. The default attributes searched are:

  • CommonName (CN)

  • DisplayName

  • FirstName

  • LastName

  • Alias

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-AuthenticationType

This parameter is available only in the cloud-based service.

The AuthenticationType parameter specifies the recipient by authentication type. Use one of the following values:

  • Federated

  • Managed

Type:AuthenticationType
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-BookmarkDisplayName

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-Capabilities

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Type:MultiValuedProperty
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-Credential

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The Credential parameter specifies the username and password that's used to run this command. Typically, you use this parameter in scripts or when you need to provide different credentials that have the required permissions.

A value for this parameter requires the Get-Credential cmdlet. To pause this command and receive a prompt for credentials, use the value (Get-Credential). Or, before you run this command, store the credentials in a variable (for example, $cred = Get-Credential) and then use the variable name ($cred) for this parameter. For more information, see Get-Credential.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-Database

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The Database parameter return all recipients stored on the specified mailbox database. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the database. For example:

  • Name

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • GUID

Type:DatabaseIdParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-DomainController

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The DomainController parameter specifies the domain controller that's used by this cmdlet to read data from or write data to Active Directory. You identify the domain controller by its fully qualified domain name (FQDN). For example, dc01.contoso.com.

Type:Fqdn
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-Filter

The Filter parameter uses OPath syntax to filter the results by the specified properties and values. The search criteria uses the syntax "Property -ComparisonOperator 'Value'".

  • Enclose the whole OPath filter in double quotation marks " ". If the filter contains system values (for example, $true, $false, or $null), use single quotation marks ' ' instead. Although this parameter is a string (not a system block), you can also use braces { }, but only if the filter doesn't contain variables.

  • Property is a filterable property. For more information about the filterable properties, see Filterable properties for the Filter parameter.

  • ComparisonOperator is an OPath comparison operator (for example -eq for equals and -like for string comparison). For more information about comparison operators, see about_Comparison_Operators.

  • Value is the property value to search for. Enclose text values and variables in single quotation marks ('Value' or '$Variable'). If a variable value contains single quotation marks, you need to identify (escape) the single quotation marks to expand the variable correctly. For example, instead of '$User', use '$($User -Replace "'","''")'. Don't enclose integers or system values (for example, 500, $true, $false, or $null).

You can chain multiple search criteria together using the logical operators -and and -or. For example, "Criteria1 -and Criteria2" or "(Criteria1 -and Criteria2) -or Criteria3".

For detailed information about OPath filters in Exchange, see Additional OPATH syntax information.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-Identity

The Identity parameter specifies the recipient object that you want to view. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the recipient. For example:

  • Name

  • Alias

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • Canonical DN

  • Email address

  • GUID

Type:RecipientIdParameter
Position:1
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-IgnoreDefaultScope

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The IgnoreDefaultScope switch tells the command to ignore the default recipient scope setting for the Exchange Management Shell session, and to use the entire forest as the scope. This allows the command to access Active Directory objects that aren't currently available in the default scope.

Using the IgnoreDefaultScope switch introduces the following restrictions:

  • You can't use the DomainController parameter. The command uses an appropriate global catalog server automatically.

  • You can only use the DN for the Identity parameter. Other forms of identification, such as alias or GUID, aren't accepted.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-IncludeBookmarkObject

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Type:Boolean
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-IncludeSoftDeletedRecipients

The IncludeSoftDeletedRecipients switch specifies whether to include soft deleted recipients in the results. You don't need to specify a value with this switch.

Soft-deleted recipients are deleted recipients that are still recoverable.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-OrganizationalUnit

The OrganizationalUnit parameter filters the results based on the object's location in Active Directory. Only objects that exist in the specified location are returned. Valid input for this parameter is an organizational unit (OU) or domain that's returned by the Get-OrganizationalUnit cmdlet. You can use any value that uniquely identifies the OU or domain. For example:

  • Name

  • Canonical name

  • Distinguished name (DN)

  • GUID

Type:OrganizationalUnitIdParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-Properties

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-PropertySet

This parameter is reserved for internal Microsoft use.

Type:PropertySet
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-ReadFromDomainController

This parameter is available only in on-premises Exchange.

The ReadFromDomainController switch specifies that information should be read from a domain controller in the user's domain. If you run the command Set-AdServerSettings -ViewEntireForest $true to include all objects in the forest and you don't use the ReadFromDomainController switch, it's possible that information will be read from a global catalog that has outdated information. When you use the ReadFromDomainController switch, multiple reads might be necessary to get the information. You don't have to specify a value with this switch.

By default, the recipient scope is set to the domain that hosts your Exchange servers.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019
-RecipientPreviewFilter

The RecipientPreviewFilter parameter tests a recipient filter that you would use in a dynamic distribution group, address list, or email address policy. This parameter uses the Opath filter syntax "Property -ComparisonOperator 'Value'" (the same syntax as the RecipientFilter parameter).

  • Enclose the whole OPath filter in double quotation marks " ". If the filter contains system values (for example, $true, $false, or $null), use single quotation marks ' ' instead. Although this parameter is a string (not a system block), you can also use braces { }, but only if the filter doesn't contain variables.

  • Property is a filterable property. For filterable recipient properties, see Filterable properties for the RecipientFilter parameter.

  • ComparisonOperator is an OPath comparison operator (for example -eq for equals and -like for string comparison). For more information about comparison operators, see about_Comparison_Operators.

  • Value is the property value to search for. Enclose text values and variables in single quotation marks ('Value' or '$Variable'). If a variable value contains single quotation marks, you need to identify (escape) the single quotation marks to expand the variable correctly. For example, instead of '$User', use '$($User -Replace "'","''")'. Don't enclose integers or system values (for example, 500, $true, $false, or $null).

  • In cloud-based environments, you can't use a wildcard as the first character. For example, 'Sales*' is allowed, but '*Sales' isn't allowed.

  • In on-premises Exchange, wildcards are valid only as the first or last character. For example, 'Sales*' or '*Sales' are allowed, but 'Sa*les' isn't allowed.

For detailed information about OPath filters in Exchange, see Additional OPATH syntax information.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-RecipientType

The RecipientType parameter filters the results by the specified recipient type. Valid values are:

  • DynamicDistributionGroup

  • MailContact

  • MailNonUniversalGroup

  • MailUniversalDistributionGroup

  • MailUniversalSecurityGroup

  • MailUser

  • PublicFolder

  • UserMailbox

You can specify multiple values separated by commas.

Type:RecipientType[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-RecipientTypeDetails

The RecipientTypeDetails parameter filters the results by the specified recipient subtype. Valid values are:

  • DiscoveryMailbox

  • DynamicDistributionGroup

  • EquipmentMailbox

  • GroupMailbox

  • GuestMailUser

  • LegacyMailbox

  • LinkedMailbox

  • LinkedRoomMailbox

  • MailContact

  • MailForestContact

  • MailNonUniversalGroup

  • MailUniversalDistributionGroup

  • MailUniversalSecurityGroup

  • MailUser

  • PublicFolder

  • PublicFolderMailbox

  • RemoteEquipmentMailbox

  • RemoteRoomMailbox

  • RemoteSharedMailbox

  • RemoteTeamMailbox

  • RemoteUserMailbox

  • RoomList

  • RoomMailbox

  • SchedulingMailbox

  • SharedMailbox

  • TeamMailbox

  • UserMailbox

You can specify multiple values separated by commas.

The value of the RecipientType parameter affects the values that you can use for this parameter. For example, if you use the RecipientType value MailContact, you can't use the value UserMailbox for this parameter. You'll receive the error: None of the specified RecipientTypeDetails are included in any specified recipient type.

Type:RecipientTypeDetails[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-ResultSize

The ResultSize parameter specifies the maximum number of results to return. If you want to return all requests that match the query, use unlimited for the value of this parameter. The default value is 1000.

Type:Unlimited
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection
-SortBy

The SortBy parameter specifies the property to sort the results by. You can sort by only one property at a time. The results are sorted in ascending order.

If the default view doesn't include the property you're sorting by, you can append the command with | Format-Table -Auto <Property1>,<Property2>... to create a new view that contains all of the properties that you want to see. Wildcards (*) in the property names are supported.

You can sort by the following properties:

  • Name

  • DisplayName

  • Alias

  • City

  • FirstName

  • LastName

  • Office

  • ServerLegacyDN

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Applies to:Exchange Server 2010, Exchange Server 2013, Exchange Server 2016, Exchange Server 2019, Exchange Online, Office 365 Security & Compliance Center, Exchange Online Protection

Inputs

To see the input types that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Input Type field for a cmdlet is blank, the cmdlet doesn't accept input data.

Outputs

To see the return types, which are also known as output types, that this cmdlet accepts, see Cmdlet Input and Output Types. If the Output Type field is blank, the cmdlet doesn't return data.