Invoke-​Item

Performs the default action on the specified item.

Syntax

Invoke-Item
      [-Confirm]
      [-Credential <PSCredential>]
      [-Exclude <String[]>]
      [-Filter <String>]
      [-Include <String[]>]
      -LiteralPath <String[]>
      [-UseTransaction]
      [-WhatIf]
      [<CommonParameters>]
Invoke-Item
      [-Path] <String[]>
      [-Confirm]
      [-Credential <PSCredential>]
      [-Exclude <String[]>]
      [-Filter <String>]
      [-Include <String[]>]
      [-UseTransaction]
      [-WhatIf]
      [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Invoke-Item cmdlet performs the default action on the specified item. For example, it runs an executable file or opens a document file in the application associated with the document file type. The default action depends on the type of item and is determined by the Windows PowerShell provider that provides access to the data.

Examples

Example 1: Open a file

PS C:\> Invoke-Item "C:\Test\aliasApr04.doc"

This command opens the file aliasApr04.doc in Microsoft Office Word. In this case, opening in Word is the default action for .doc files.

Example 2: Open all files of a specific type

PS C:\> Invoke-Item "C:\Documents and Settings\Lister\My Documents\*.xls"

This command opens all of the Microsoft Office Excel spreadsheets in the C:\Documents and Settings\Lister\My Documents folder. Each spreadsheet is opened in a new instance of Excel. In this case, opening in Excel is the default action for .xls files.

Required Parameters

-LiteralPath

Specifies a path to the item. Unlike the Path parameter, the value of LiteralPath is used exactly as it is typed. No characters are interpreted as wildcards. If the path includes escape characters, enclose it in single quotation marks. Single quotation marks tell Windows PowerShell not to interpret any characters as escape sequences.

Type:String[]
Aliases:PSPath
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Path

Specifies the path to the selected item.

Type:String[]
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName, ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False

Optional Parameters

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:cf
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Credential

Specifies a user account that has permission to perform this action. The default is the current user.

Type a user name, such as User01 or Domain01\User01, or enter a PSCredential object, such as one generated by the Get-Credential cmdlet. If you type a user name, you will be prompted for a password.

This parameter is not supported by any providers installed with Windows PowerShell.

Type:PSCredential
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Exclude

Specifies, as a string array, an item or items that this cmdlet excludes from the operation. The value of this parameter qualifies the Path parameter. Enter a path element or pattern, such as *.txt. Wildcards are permitted.

Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Filter

Specifies a filter in the provider's format or language. The value of this parameter qualifies the Path parameter. The syntax of the filter, including the use of wildcards, depends on the provider. Filters are more efficient than other parameters, because the provider applies them when retrieving the objects rather than having Windows PowerShell filter the objects after they are retrieved.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Include

Specifies, as a string array, an item or items that this cmdlet includes in the operation. The value of this parameter qualifies the Path parameter. Enter a path element or pattern, such as *.txt. Wildcards are permitted.

Type:String[]
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-UseTransaction

Includes the command in the active transaction. This parameter is valid only when a transaction is in progress. For more information, see about_transactions.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:usetx
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:wi
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

System.String

You can pipe a string that contains a path to this cmdlet.

Outputs

None

The command does not generate any output. However, output might be generated by the item that it invokes.

Notes

  • This cmdlet is designed to work with the data exposed by any provider. To list the providers available in your session, type Get-PSProvider. For more information, see about_Providers.

*