Test-Connection

Sends ICMP echo request packets, or pings, to one or more computers.

Syntax

Test-Connection
    [-TargetName] <string[]>
    [-Ping]
    [-IPv4]
    [-IPv6]
    [-ResolveDestination]
    [-Source <string>]
    [-MaxHops <int>]
    [-Count <int>]
    [-Delay <int>]
    [-BufferSize <int>]
    [-DontFragment]
    [-TimeoutSeconds <int>]
    [-Quiet]
    [<CommonParameters>]
Test-Connection
    [-TargetName] <string[]>
    -Repeat
    [-Ping]
    [-IPv4]
    [-IPv6]
    [-ResolveDestination]
    [-Source <string>]
    [-MaxHops <int>]
    [-Delay <int>]
    [-BufferSize <int>]
    [-DontFragment]
    [-TimeoutSeconds <int>]
    [-Quiet]
    [<CommonParameters>]
Test-Connection
    [-TargetName] <string[]>
    -MtuSize
    [-IPv4]
    [-IPv6]
    [-ResolveDestination]
    [-TimeoutSeconds <int>]
    [-Quiet]
    [<CommonParameters>]
Test-Connection
    [-TargetName] <string[]>
    -Traceroute
    [-IPv4]
    [-IPv6]
    [-ResolveDestination]
    [-Source <string>]
    [-MaxHops <int>]
    [-TimeoutSeconds <int>]
    [-Quiet]
    [<CommonParameters>]
Test-Connection
    [-TargetName] <string[]>
    -TcpPort <int>
    [-IPv4]
    [-IPv6]
    [-ResolveDestination]
    [-Source <string>]
    [-TimeoutSeconds <int>]
    [-Quiet]
    [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Test-Connection cmdlet sends Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request packets, or pings, to one or more remote computers and returns the echo response replies. You can use this cmdlet to determine whether a particular computer can be contacted across an IP network.

You can use the parameters of Test-Connection to specify both the sending and receiving computers, to run the command as a background job, to set a time-out and number of pings, and to configure the connection and authentication.

Unlike the familiar ping command, Test-Connection returns a TestConnectionCommand+PingStatus object that you can investigate in PowerShell. The Quiet parameter returns a Boolean value in a System.Boolean object for each tested connection. If multiple connections are tested, an array of Boolean values is returned.

Examples

Example 1: Send echo requests to a remote computer

This example sends echo request packets from the local computer to the Server01 computer.

Test-Connection -TargetName Server01 -IPv4

Destination: Server01

Ping Source           Address                   Latency BufferSize Status
                                                   (ms)        (B)
---- ------           -------                   ------- ---------- ------
   1 ADMIN1           10.59.137.44                   24         32 Success
   2 ADMIN1           10.59.137.44                   39         32 Success
   3 ADMIN1           *                               *          * TimedOut
   4 ADMIN1           10.59.137.44                   28         32 Success

Test-Connection uses the TargetName parameter to specify the Server01 computer. The IPv4 parameter specifies the protocol for the test.

A series of TestConnectionCommand+PingStatus objects are sent to the output stream, one object per ping reply from the target machine.

Example 2: Send echo requests to several computers

This example sends pings from the local computer to several remote computers.

Test-Connection -TargetName Server01, Server02, Server12

Example 3: Use parameters to customize the test command

This example uses the parameters of Test-Connection to customize the command. The local computer sends a ping test to a remote computer.

Test-Connection -TargetName Server01 -Count 3 -Delay 2 -MaxHops 255 -BufferSize 256

Test-Connection uses the TargetName parameter to specify Server01. The Count parameter specifies three pings are sent to the Server01 computer with a Delay of 2-second intervals.

You might use these options when the ping response is expected to take longer than usual, either because of an extended number of hops or a high-traffic network condition.

Example 4: Run a test as a background job

This example shows how to run a Test-Connection command as a PowerShell background job.

$job = Start-Job -ScriptBlock { Test-Connection -TargetName (Get-Content -Path "Servers.txt") }
$Results = Receive-Job $job -Wait

The Start-Job command uses the Test-Connection cmdlet to ping many computers in an enterprise. The value of the TargetName parameter is a Get-Content command that reads a list of computer names from the Servers.txt file. The command uses the Start-Job cmdlet to run the command as a background job and it saves the job in the $job variable.

The Receive-Job command is instructed to -Wait until the job is completed, and then gets the results and stores them in the $Results variable.

Example 5: Create a session only if a connection test succeeds

This example creates a session on the Server01 computer only if at least one of the pings sent to the computer succeeds.

if (Test-Connection -TargetName Server01 -Quiet) { New-PSSession -ComputerName Server01 }

The Test-Connection cmdlet pings the Server01 computer, with the Quiet parameter provided. The resulting value is $True if any of the four pings succeed. If none of the pings succeed, the value is $False.

If the Test-Connection command returns a value of $True, the command uses the New-PSSession cmdlet to create the PSSession.

Example 6: Use the Traceroute parameter

Introduced in PowerShell 6.0, the Traceroute parameter maps a route between the local computer and the remote destination you specify with the TargetName parameter.

Test-Connection -TargetName www.google.com -Traceroute

Target: google.com

Hop Hostname                  Ping Latency Status           Source       TargetAddress
                                      (ms)
--- --------                  ---- ------- ------           ------       -------------
  1 172.20.0.1                   1       4 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  1 172.20.0.1                   2       3 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  1 172.20.0.1                   3       2 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  2 12.108.153.193               1       3 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  2 12.108.153.193               2       3 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  2 12.108.153.193               3       2 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  3 12.244.85.177                1      11 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  3 12.244.85.177                2      12 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  3 12.244.85.177                3      12 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
  4 *                            1      14 DestinationNetw… Lira         172.217.9.174
  4 *                            2       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  4 *                            3      20 DestinationNetw… Lira         172.217.9.174
  5 *                            1       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  5 *                            2      15 DestinationNetw… Lira         172.217.9.174
  5 *                            3       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  6 *                            1      18 DestinationNetw… Lira         172.217.9.174
  6 *                            2       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  6 *                            3      16 DestinationNetw… Lira         172.217.9.174
  7 *                            1       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  7 *                            2       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  7 *                            3       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  8 *                            1       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  8 *                            2       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  8 *                            3       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  9 *                            1       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  9 *                            2       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
  9 *                            3       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
 10 *                            1       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
 10 *                            2       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
 10 *                            3       * TimedOut         Lira         172.217.9.174
 11 172.217.9.174                1      23 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
 11 172.217.9.174                2      21 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174
 11 172.217.9.174                3      22 Success          Lira         172.217.9.174

The Test-Connection command is called with the Traceroute parameter. The results, which are [Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.TestConnectionCommand+TraceStatus] objects, are output to the Success output stream.

Parameters

-BufferSize

Specifies the size, in bytes, of the buffer sent with this command. The default value is 32.

Type:Int32
Aliases:Size, Bytes, BS
Position:Named
Default value:32
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Count

Specifies the number of echo requests to send. The default value is 4.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:4
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Delay

Specifies the interval between pings, in seconds.

Type:System.Int32
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-DontFragment

This parameter sets the Don't Fragment flag in the IP header. You can use this parameter with the BufferSize parameter to test the Path MTU size. For more information about Path MTU, see the Path MTU Discovery article in wikipedia.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-IPv4

Forces the cmdlet to use the IPv4 protocol for the test.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-IPv6

Forces the cmdlet to use the IPv6 protocol for the test.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MTUSize

This parameter is used to discover the Path MTU size. The cmdlet returns a PingReply#MTUSize object that contains the Path MTU size to the target. For more information about Path MTU, see the Path MTU Discovery article in wikipedia.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:MtuSizeDetect
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-MaxHops

Sets the maximum number of hops that an ICMP request message can be sent. The default value is controlled by the operating system. The default value for Windows 10 is 128 hops.

Type:Int32
Aliases:Ttl
Position:Named
Default value:128 hops in Windows 10
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Ping

Causes the cmdlet to do a ping test. This is the default mode for the Test-Connection cmdlet.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:true
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Quiet

The Quiet parameter returns a Boolean value. Using this parameter suppresses all errors.

Each connection that's tested returns a Boolean value. If the TargetName parameter specifies multiple computers, an array of Boolean values is returned.

If any ping to a given target succeeds, $True is returned.

If all pings to a given target fail, $False is returned.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Repeat

Causes the cmdlet to send ping requests continuously. This parameter can't be used with the Count parameter.

Type:SwitchParameter
Aliases:Continuous
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ResolveDestination

Causes the cmdlet to attempt to resolve the DNS name of the target. When used in conjunction with the Traceroute parameter, the DNS names of all intermediate hosts will also be retrieved, if possible.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Source

Specifies the names of the computers where the ping originates. Enter a comma-separated list of computer names. The default is the local computer.

NOTE: This parameter is not functional in PowerShell versions 6 and up. Supplying this parameter will have no effect on the command.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:Local computer
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-TCPPort

Specifies the TCP port number on the target to be used in the TCP connection test. The cmdlet will attempt to make a TCP connection to the specified port on the target.

If a connection can be made, $True will be returned.

If a connection cannot be made, $False will be returned.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-TargetName

Specifies the computer(s) to test. Type the computer names or type IP addresses in IPv4 or IPv6 format.

Type:String[]
Aliases:ComputerName
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:True (ByPropertyName, ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters:False
-TimeoutSeconds

Sets the timeout value for the test. The test fails if a response isn't received before the timeout expires. The default is five seconds.

This parameter was introduced in PowerShell 6.0.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:5 seconds
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Traceroute

Causes the cmdlet to do a traceroute test. When this parameter is used, the cmdlet returns a TestConnectionCommand+TraceStatus object.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:False
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

None

You can't pipe input to this cmdlet.

Outputs

TestConnectionCommand+PingStatus, TestConnectionCommand+TraceStatus, Boolean, TestConnectionCommand+PingMtuStatus

By default, Test-Connection returns a TestConnectionCommand+PingStatus object for each ping reply.

If you specify the Traceroute parameter, the cmdlet will return a TestConnectionCommand+TraceStatus object for each ping reply along the route.

If you specify the Quiet or TcpPort parameters, it returns a Boolean value. If multiple connections are tested, an array of Boolean values is returned.