Write-Progress

Displays a progress bar within a PowerShell command window.

Syntax

Write-Progress
     [-Activity] <String>
     [[-Status] <String>]
     [[-Id] <Int32>]
     [-PercentComplete <Int32>]
     [-SecondsRemaining <Int32>]
     [-CurrentOperation <String>]
     [-ParentId <Int32>]
     [-Completed]
     [-SourceId <Int32>]
     [<CommonParameters>]

Description

The Write-Progress cmdlet displays a progress bar in a PowerShell command window that depicts the status of a running command or script. You can select the indicators that the bar reflects and the text that appears above and below the progress bar.

Examples

Example 1: Display the progress of a For loop

for ($i = 1; $i -le 100; $i++ )
{
    Write-Progress -Activity "Search in Progress" -Status "$i% Complete:" -PercentComplete $i;
}

This command displays the progress of a For loop that counts from 1 to 100.

The Write-Progress cmdlet includes a status bar heading Activity, a status line, and the variable $i (the counter in the For loop), which indicates the relative completeness of the task.

Example 2: Display the progress of nested For loops

for($I = 1; $I -lt 101; $I++ )
{
    Write-Progress -Activity Updating -Status 'Progress->' -PercentComplete $I -CurrentOperation OuterLoop
    for($j = 1; $j -lt 101; $j++ )
    {
        Write-Progress -Id 1 -Activity Updating -Status 'Progress' -PercentComplete $j -CurrentOperation InnerLoop
    }
}

Updating
Progress ->
 [ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo]
OuterLoop
Updating
Progress
 [oooooooooooooooooo                                                   ]
InnerLoop

This example displays the progress of two nested For loops, each of which is represented by a progress bar.

The Write-Progress command for the second progress bar includes the Id parameter that distinguishes it from the first progress bar.

Without the Id parameter, the progress bars would be superimposed on each other instead of being displayed one below the other.

Example 3: Display the progress while searching for a string

# Use Get-EventLog to get the events in the System log and store them in the $Events variable.
$Events = Get-EventLog -LogName system
# Pipe the events to the ForEach-Object cmdlet.
$Events | ForEach-Object -Begin {
    # In the Begin block, use Clear-Host to clear the screen.
    Clear-Host
    # Set the $i counter variable to zero.
    $i = 0
    # Set the $out variable to a empty string.
    $out = ""
} -Process {
    # In the Process script block search the message property of each incoming object for "bios".
    if($_.message -like "*bios*")
    {
        # Append the matching message to the out variable.
        $out=$out + $_.Message
    }
    # Increment the $i counter variable which is used to create the progress bar.
    $i = $i+1
    # Use Write-Progress to output a progress bar.
    # The Activity and Status parameters create the first and second lines of the progress bar heading, respectively.
    Write-Progress -Activity "Searching Events" -Status "Progress:" -PercentComplete ($i/$Events.count*100)
} -End {
    # Display the matching messages using the out variable.
    $out
}

This command displays the progress of a command to find the string "bios" in the System event log.

The PercentComplete parameter value is calculated by dividing the number of events that have been processed $I by the total number of events retrieved $Events.count and then multiplying that result by 100.

Parameters

-Activity

Specifies the first line of text in the heading above the status bar. This text describes the activity whose progress is being reported.

Type:String
Position:0
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Completed

Indicates whether the progress bar is visible. If this parameter is omitted, Write-Progress displays progress information.

Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-CurrentOperation

Specifies the line of text below the progress bar. This text describes the operation that is currently taking place.

Type:String
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Id

Specifies an ID that distinguishes each progress bar from the others. Use this parameter when you are creating more than one progress bar in a single command. If the progress bars do not have different IDs, they are superimposed instead of being displayed in a series.

Type:Int32
Position:2
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-ParentId

Specifies the parent activity of the current activity. Use the value -1 if the current activity has no parent activity.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-PercentComplete

Specifies the percentage of the activity that is completed. Use the value -1 if the percentage complete is unknown or not applicable.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SecondsRemaining

Specifies the projected number of seconds remaining until the activity is completed. Use the value -1 if the number of seconds remaining is unknown or not applicable.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-SourceId

Specifies the source of the record.

Type:Int32
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
-Status

Specifies the second line of text in the heading above the status bar. This text describes current state of the activity.

Type:String
Position:1
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False

Inputs

None

You cannot pipe input to this cmdlet.

Outputs

None

Write-Progress does not generate any output.

Notes

If the progress bar does not appear, check the value of the $ProgressPreference variable. If the value is set to SilentlyContinue, the progress bar is not displayed. For more information about PowerShell preferences, see about_Preference_Variables.

The parameters of the cmdlet correspond to the properties of the System.Management.Automation.ProgressRecord class. For more information, see ProgressRecord Class in the MSDN library.