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The latest version of this topic can be found at pointers_to_members. C++ Specific
Specifies whether a pointer to a class member can be declared before its associated class definition and is used to control the pointer size and the code required to interpret the pointer.
#pragma pointers_to_members ( pointer-declaration, [most-general-representation] )
The pointer-declaration argument specifies whether you have declared a pointer to a member before or after the associated function definition. The pointer-declaration argument is one of the following two symbols:
|full_generality||Generates safe, sometimes nonoptimal code. You use full_generality if any pointer to a member is declared before the associated class definition. This argument always uses the pointer representation specified by the most-general-representation argument. Equivalent to /vmg.|
|best_case||Generates safe, optimal code using best-case representation for all pointers to members. Requires defining the class before declaring a pointer to a member of the class. The default is best_case.|
The most-general-representation argument specifies the smallest pointer representation that the compiler can safely use to reference any pointer to a member of a class in a translation unit. The argument can be one of the following:
|single_inheritance||The most general representation is single-inheritance, pointer to a member function. Causes an error if the inheritance model of a class definition for which a pointer to a member is declared is ever either multiple or virtual.|
|multiple_inheritance||The most general representation is multiple-inheritance, pointer to a member function. Causes an error if the inheritance model of a class definition for which a pointer to a member is declared is virtual.|
|virtual_inheritance||The most general representation is virtual-inheritance, pointer to a member function. Never causes an error. This is the default argument when #pragma pointers_to_members(full_generality) is used.|
We advise you to put the
pointers_to_members pragma only in the source code file that you want to affect, and only after any
#include directives. This practice lessens the risk that the pragma will affect other files, and that you will accidently specify multiple definitions for the same variable, function, or class name.
// Specify single-inheritance only #pragma pointers_to_members ( full_generality, single_inheritance )