Create an Azure Monitor VM with PowerShell

This script creates an Azure Virtual Machine, installs the Log Analytics agent, and enrolls the system with a Log Analytics workspace. Once the script has run, the virtual machine will be visible in Azure Monitor. Also, you need to update the Log Analytics workspace ID and workspace key.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Sample script

# OMS ID and OMS key
$omsId = "<Replace with your OMS ID>"
$omsKey = "<Replace with your OMS key>"

# Variables for common values
$resourceGroup = "myResourceGroup"
$location = "westeurope"
$vmName = "myVM"

# Create a user object
$cred = Get-Credential -Message "Enter a username and password for the virtual machine."

# Create a resource group
New-AzResourceGroup -Name $resourceGroup -Location $location

# Create a virtual machine
New-AzVM `
  -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroup `
  -Name $vmName `
  -Location $location `
  -ImageName "Win2016Datacenter" `
  -VirtualNetworkName "myVnet" `
  -SubnetName "mySubnet" `
  -SecurityGroupName "myNetworkSecurityGroup" `
  -PublicIpAddressName "myPublicIp" `
  -Credential $cred `
  -OpenPorts 3389

# Install and configure the OMS agent
$PublicSettings = New-Object psobject | Add-Member -PassThru NoteProperty workspaceId $omsId | ConvertTo-Json
$protectedSettings = New-Object psobject | Add-Member -PassThru NoteProperty workspaceKey $omsKey | ConvertTo-Json

Set-AzVMExtension -ExtensionName "OMS" -ResourceGroupName $resourceGroup -VMName $vmName `
  -Publisher "Microsoft.EnterpriseCloud.Monitoring" -ExtensionType "MicrosoftMonitoringAgent" `
  -TypeHandlerVersion 1.0 -SettingString $PublicSettings -ProtectedSettingString $protectedSettings `
  -Location $location

Clean up deployment

Run the following command to remove the resource group, VM, and all related resources.

Remove-AzResourceGroup -Name myResourceGroup

Script explanation

This script uses the following commands to create the deployment. Each item in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
New-AzResourceGroup Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
New-AzVM Creates the virtual machine and connects it to the network card, virtual network, subnet, and network security group. This command also opens port 80 and sets the administrative credentials.
Set-AzVMExtension Add a VM extension to the virtual machine.
Remove-AzResourceGroup Removes a resource group and all resources contained within.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure PowerShell module, see Azure PowerShell documentation.

Additional virtual machine PowerShell script samples can be found in the Azure Windows VM documentation.