How to: Aggregate Data (Entity Framework)

An aggregation operation computes a single value from a collection of values. An example of an aggregation operation is calculating the average daily temperature from a month's worth of daily temperature values. This topic shows how to group orders by contact ID and get the average total due for each contact ID.

The same example is shown using each of the following Entity Framework query technologies:

  • LINQ to Entities

  • Entity SQL with ObjectQuery<T>

The examples in this topic are based on the Adventure Works Sales Model. To run the code in this example, you must have already added the AdventureWorks Sales Model to your project and configured your project to use the Entity Framework. To do this, complete the procedures in How to: Manually Configure an Entity Framework Project and How to: Manually Define an Entity Data Model (Entity Framework). You can also use the Entity Data Model Wizard to define the AdventureWorks Sales Model. For more information, see How to: Use the Entity Data Model Wizard (Entity Framework).


The following is the LINQ to Entities example.

Using AWEntities As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectQuery(Of SalesOrderHeader) = AWEntities.SalesOrderHeader

    Dim query = _
        From ord In orders _
        Let contID = ord.Contact.ContactID _
        Group ord By contID Into g = Group _
        Select New With _
        { _
            .Category = contID, _
            .averageTotalDue = _
                g.Average(Function(ord) ord.TotalDue) _

    For Each ord In query
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} " & vbTab & _
            " Average TotalDue = {1}", _
            ord.Category, ord.averageTotalDue)
End Using
using (AdventureWorksEntities AWEntities = new AdventureWorksEntities())
    ObjectQuery<SalesOrderHeader> orders = AWEntities.SalesOrderHeader;

    var query =
        from order in orders
        group order by order.Contact.ContactID into g
        select new
            Category = g.Key,
            averageTotalDue = g.Average(order => order.TotalDue)

    foreach (var order in query)
        Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0} \t Average TotalDue = {1}",
            order.Category, order.averageTotalDue);

The following is the Entity SQL example.

Using advWorksContext As AdventureWorksEntities = New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim esqlQuery As String = "SELECT contactID, AVG(order.TotalDue) " & _
                                    " FROM(AdventureWorksEntities.SalesOrderHeader)" & _
                                    " AS order GROUP BY order.Contact.ContactID as contactID"

        Dim rec As DbDataRecord
        Dim query As New ObjectQuery(Of DbDataRecord)(esqlQuery, advWorksContext)
        For Each rec In query
            Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0}  Average TotalDue = {1} ", _
                    rec.Item(0), rec.Item(1))
    Catch ex As EntityException
    Catch ex As InvalidOperationException
    End Try

End Using
using (AdventureWorksEntities advWorksContext =
    new AdventureWorksEntities())
    string esqlQuery = @"SELECT contactID, AVG(order.TotalDue) 
                            FROM AdventureWorksEntities.SalesOrderHeader 
                            AS order GROUP BY order.Contact.ContactID as contactID";

        foreach (DbDataRecord rec in
            new ObjectQuery<DbDataRecord>(esqlQuery, advWorksContext))
            Console.WriteLine("ContactID = {0}  Average TotalDue = {1} ",
                rec[0], rec[1]);
    catch (EntityException ex)
    catch (InvalidOperationException ex)

See Also


How to: Group Data (Entity Framework)

Other Resources

Querying an Entity Data Model (Entity Framework Tasks)