Tricks & Traps: Daily Answers (November 2000)
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Article from Windows 2000 Magazine
By Sean Daily
Q: I'm experiencing incompatibilities between Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) 5.01 Service Pack 1 (SP1) and Microsoft Office 2000's Help features. Users who attempt to access Help features within Office receive the error message Help requires Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0 or greater. Do you know why this is happening?
A: The problem you describe seems to occur because IE 5.01 SP1 writes invalid build and version number information into the system Registry. Programs that leverage IE (e.g., Office's Help system) use this information to determine whether you have a supported IE version installed on your system. Because IE sets the value incorrectly, applications think that the IE version is too old and therefore issue the error message you mentioned.
The Registry value that determines the IE build number resides within the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SOFTWARE \Microsoft \Internet Explorer Registry subkey. The value name within this key is Build (of type REG_SZ). On an IE 5.01 SP1 machine that exhibits the problems you describe, this value will probably be set incorrectly to 5.00.3103.1000. To restore functionality to Office's Help system, change the value to the correct number, 53103.1000.
Q: I recently set up a dual-boot system with Windows 2000 Professional and Windows NT Workstation 4.0 on one C drive. (I use NT 4.0 as my primary OS on this system.) Although both OSs work fine, I'm forced to reboot to Win2K if I need to run Chkdsk on the C drive. Can I force NT 4.0 to run Win2K's NTFS 5.0 (NTFS5)-compatible version of Chkdsk?
A: The Win2K installation process automatically converts any NTFS 4.0 (NTFS4) volumes (i.e., created under NT 4.0) to NTFS5. Although NT Service Pack 4 (SP4) and later service packs support most reading, writing, and booting from NTFS5 volumes, they can't repair them (i.e., with Chkdsk). Although I don't know how to force NT 4.0 to run Win2K's Chkdsk, Sysinternals has a utility called NTFSCHK that lets you run Chkdsk on NTFS5 volumes from NT 4.0. For more information about this utility, go to http://www.sysinternals.com/ntw2k/freeware/NTFSCHK.shtml.
Q: I'm upgrading my company's PDC to Windows 2000. During installation, I received the error message Cannot find valid system partition. Otherwise, the server works fine—no booting problems or errors in the event log. Have you seen this problem before?
A: I've seen this problem once before. Check whether the drive in question—the drive containing the Windows NT boot partition, not necessarily the boot partition itself—contains a partition that is running some form of Windows 9x compression (e.g., a multiboot system that has a Win9x partition with compression). If so, you need to remove compression from all partitions on the drive and retry the Win2K installation.
Your problem has another possible cause. The driver that Win2K uses during installation (based on hardware autodetection) might not be working properly because of a difference in the translation of your drive's geometry between the Win2K and NT 4.0 disk-controller drivers (as your disk controller or the system BIOS determines). If this is the case, see whether your disk-controller manufacturer—in most IDE controllers, the motherboard or IDE chipset manufacturer—offers an updated Win2K driver later than the driver that ships with Win2K. If you obtain an updated driver, try using the F6 option (i.e., load a custom or updated driver) available at the beginning of the Win2K Setup process to install this driver in lieu of the default driver that Setup uses.
Q: In my experience, PPTP doesn't seem to work in the UK when you use a firewall. I've heard the reason for this is that Microsoft ships different versions of its OSs to different countries. Can I work around this problem, or must I continue to use IP Security (IPSec) for VPNs?
A: Microsoft does maintain 128-bit and 40-bit versions of PPTP and its other encryption-based technologies and products. However, I don't think these differing versions are the cause of your problem. PPTP, regardless of the version, should work through a properly configured firewall. The trick is to make sure that you've configured the firewall to pass IP protocol type 47 Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) packets as well as TCP port 1723. After you configure the firewall to allow this type of traffic to your PPTP RAS servers, you should be able to successfully connect to the servers through remote PPTP clients.
Although PPTP will probably work after you reconfigure your firewall, you might want to consider continuing to use IPSec, either in conjunction with or instead of PPTP. IPSec is a Layer 3-based encryption technology, whereas PPTP is a Layer 2-based technology. IPSec is therefore faster and more efficient than PPTP for VPNs. Using IPSec-based VPN products, I've been able to achieve performance improvements of 100 percent or more over PPTP. Microsoft builds IPSec support into Windows 2000, making IPSec an attractive PPTP alternative for companies that have already migrated to Win2K. Although IPSec doesn't support protocols beyond TCP/IP—PPTP supports TCP/IP, NetBEUI, IPX, and SPX—this lack of support isn't a problem on most networks. Although IPSec still faces interoperability challenges between different vendors' implementations, these problems should start disappearing in the near future as the standard evolves. In the meantime, the best bet for using IPSec is to use one vendor's implementation on both ends of the connection (i.e., the client and the server) wherever possible.
Q: I've heard rumors of a Windows 2000 Registry setting that lets you use a special keystroke to intentionally crash your system. As a developer, I would find such a capability extremely useful for evaluating the effects of a system crash. Does this capability exist?
A: The rumors are true. To enable this modification, run a Registry editor and navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SYSTEM \CurrentControlSet \Services \i8042prt \Parameters Registry key. You'll need to create a Registry value called CrashOnCtrlScroll (of type REG_DWORD) and set the data to 1. (Figure 1 shows this value and Registry location.) After you make the modification, you must reboot your system.
Figure 1: Modifying the Registry to allow an intentional blue screen crash
Then, you can manually initiate a blue screen crash by holding down the right Ctrl key—the left Ctrl key won't work—and pressing the Scroll Lock key twice. The system will produce a blue screen with the following display:
*** STOP: 0x000000E2 (0x00000000,0x00000000,0x00000000,0x00000000) The end-user manually generated the crashdump.
Obviously, this modification is inherently dangerous because it performs an abnormal system shutdown. The system crash that this tool produces might cause Registry or file-system corruption, so use extreme caution when enabling this feature on production systems. At the very least, be sure to exit all applications before you produce the blue screen.
Q: I'm experiencing a problem with my Windows NT Server 4.0 Service Pack 5 (SP5) system. I'm connecting by modem from a Windows 98 client linked to the NT server by RAS. I have administrative access to the server for performing such tasks as viewing or managing disks (e.g., C and D), but what I really need to do is use my client to reboot the server. Unfortunately, the server contains no tools such as pcAnywhere or Carbon Copy. How I reboot the server from my client?
A: Unfortunately, because of limitations in Win9x—and because of inherent differences between the architectures of Win9x and Windows 2000 or NT systems—you can't use built-in tools under Win9x to reboot a remote Win2K or NT system. I searched high and low for a utility that would let you dynamically install such a tool on the remote server, but I came up empty. Therefore, I recommend installing Win2K or NT on your workstation. Then, you can use tools such as the GUI-based shutgui.exe or the command-line-based shutdown.exe to remotely reboot the server.
To facilitate future management of a remote server from non-Win2K and non-NT clients (including shutting down or rebooting), you might consider third-party tools such as RemotelyAnywhere, Remote ControlPanel, RS Agent, and Remote-Anything. (For an extensive list of third-party tools, go to the Windows 95/98 Remote Computing Tools page at http://download.cnet.com/downloads/0-10014.html. ) Although these tools require you to first install a server-side component, most of them are fairly inexpensive—or free, in some cases.
Sean Daily is a senior contributing editor for Windows 2000 Magazine and the technology lead at Xcedia. His most recent book is The Definitive Guide to Windows 2000 Administration (http://www.Realtimepublishers.com) , a free online book at http://www.fastlane.com/. You can reach him at email@example.com.
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