Applies To: Windows PowerShell 2.0


    Describes how Windows PowerShell parses commands.

    When you enter a command at the command prompt, Windows PowerShell
    breaks the command text into a series of segments called tokens
    and then determines how to interpret each one. For example, Windows
    PowerShell breaks the following command into two tokens, "Write-Host"
    and "book", and interprets each token separately:

        Write-Host book

    When processing a command, the Windows PowerShell parser operates
    in expression mode or in argument mode: 

        - In expression mode, character string values must be contained in
          quotation marks. Numbers not enclosed in quotation marks are treated
          as numerical values (rather than as a series of characters). 

        - In argument mode, each value is treated as an expandable string 
          unless it begins with one of the following special characters: dollar
          sign ($), at sign (@), single quotation mark ('), double quotation
          mark ("), or an opening parenthesis (().

    If preceded by one of these characters, the value is treated as a value

    The following table provides several examples of commands processed in 
    expression mode and argument mode and the results produced by those 

    Example            Mode         Result
    ------------------ ----------   ----------------
    2+2                Expression   4 (integer)
    Write-Output 2+2   Argument     "2+2" (string)
    Write-Output (2+2) Expression   4 (integer)
    $a = 2+2           Expression   $a = 4 (integer)
    Write-Output $a    Expression   4 (integer)
    Write-Output $a/H  Argument     "4/H" (string)

    Every token can be interpreted as some kind of object type, such
    as Boolean or string. Windows PowerShell attempts to determine the
    object type from the expression. The object type depends on the
    type of parameter a command expects and on whether Windows PowerShell
    knows how to convert the argument to the correct type. The
    following table shows several examples of the types assigned to
    values returned by the expressions.

    Example            Mode         Result
    ------------------ ----------   ---------------
    Write-Output !1    argument     "!1" (string)
    Write-Output (!1)  expression   False (Boolean)
    Write-Output (2)   expression   2 (integer)