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The latest version of this topic can be found at _getw.

Gets an integer from a stream.


int _getw(   
   FILE *stream   


Pointer to the FILE structure.

Return Value

_getw returns the integer value read. A return value of EOF indicates either an error or end of file. However, because the EOF value is also a legitimate integer value, use feof or ferror to verify an end-of-file or error condition. If stream is NULL, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, errno is set to EINVAL and the function returns EOF.


The _getw function reads the next binary value of type int from the file associated with stream and increments the associated file pointer (if there is one) to point to the next unread character. _getw does not assume any special alignment of items in the stream. Problems with porting can occur with _getw because the size of the int type and the ordering of bytes within the int type differ across systems.


Routine Required header
_getw <stdio.h>

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.


// crt_getw.c  
// This program uses _getw to read a word  
// from a stream, then performs an error check.  
#include <stdio.h>  
#include <stdlib.h>  
int main( void )  
   FILE *stream;  
   int i;  
   if( fopen_s( &stream, "crt_getw.txt", "rb" ) )  
      printf( "Couldn't open file\n" );  
      // Read a word from the stream:  
      i = _getw( stream );  
      // If there is an error...  
      if( ferror( stream ) )  
         printf( "_getw failed\n" );  
         clearerr_s( stream );  
         printf( "First data word in file: 0x%.4x\n", i );  
      fclose( stream );  

Input: crt_getw.txt

Line one.  
Line two.  


First data word in file: 0x656e694c  

.NET Framework Equivalent

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

See Also

Stream I/O