IGlobalTraceEventProvider::CheckSubscription Method

 

Returns a value that indicates whether the trace event is intended for the module.

Syntax

virtual BOOL CheckSubscription(  
   IN HTTP_MODULE_ID ModuleId  
) = 0;  

Parameters

ModuleId
[IN] An HTTP_MODULE_ID pointer.

Note

HTTP_MODULE_ID is a type definition of a void pointer.

Return Value

true if the trace event is intended for the module; otherwise, false.

Remarks

CGlobalModule derived classes will receive an IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer and an IHttpServer pointer as parameters to the RegisterModule function. Retrieve an IHttpTraceContext pointer by calling the IHttpServer::GetTraceContext method, and retrieve an HTTP_MODULE_ID by calling the IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo::GetId method. Declare and initialize an HTTP_TRACE_CONFIGURATION structure, and call the IHttpTraceContext::SetTraceConfiguration method with the address of this structure and the HTTP_MODULE_ID to filter the events received during CGlobalModule::OnGlobalTraceEvent event handlers.

Subsequent CGlobalModule::OnGlobalTraceEvent calls receive an IGlobalTraceEventProvider pointer, and the Boolean value returned by the CheckSubscription method on this pointer is determined by the HTTP_TRACE_CONFIGURATION settings set above: a value of true means that the module should probably handle the event, and a value of false means that the module should probably ignore the event. However, some modules may handle events even if CheckSubscription returns false.

CheckSubscription behavior depends on implementation. You should use the following information as a guideline, but it may not be correct in all scenarios:

  • Classes that provide HTTP trace events return true if the trace module should be notified of the event. Otherwise, these classes return the value from the global trace settings.

  • Classes that provide global trace events return the value from the global trace settings.

Example

The following code example demonstrates how to create a global module that listens for GL_TRACE_EVENT events and declares and initializes an HTTP_TRACE_CONFIGURATION structure. The module then writes the CheckSubscription information to the Event Viewer.

Warning

IIS 7 generates a large number of events in the Event Viewer. To avoid a log overflow error in a production environment, you should generally avoid writing cache information to the event log. For demonstration purposes, this code example writes an entry to the Event Viewer in debug mode only.

#pragma warning( disable : 4290 )
#pragma warning( disable : 4530 )

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <tchar.h>
#include <initguid.h>
#include <httptrace.h>
#include <httpserv.h>
#include <httpcach.h>

#include <string>
using namespace std;

#import "msxml6.dll"
using namespace MSXML2;

// The CConvert class mirrors the Convert class that is 
// defined in the .NET Framework. It converts primitives 
// and other data types to wstring types.
class CConvert
{
public:
    // The ToString method converts a BOOL to a wstring.
    // b: the BOOL value to convert to a wstring.
    // return: L"true" for true; otherwise, L"false" for false.
    static wstring ToString(BOOL b)
    {
        return (b) ? L"true" : L"false";
    }

    // The ToByteString converts a double-byte 
    // character string to a single-byte string.
    // str: the double-byte string to convert.
    // return: a single-byte string copied from str.
    static string ToByteString(const wstring& str)
    {
        // Get the length of the 
        // double-byte string.
        size_t length = str.length();

        // Create a temporary char pointer.
        char* byteChar = new char[length+1];
        byteChar[0] = '\0';
        // Copy the double-byte character string
        // into the single-byte string.        
        size_t charsReturned = 0;
        wcstombs_s(&charsReturned, byteChar, 
                   length+1, str.c_str(), length+1);
        // Create a string to return.
        string retString = byteChar;
        // Delete the temporary string and
        // set that string to NULL.
        delete[] byteChar;
        byteChar = NULL;

        // Return the single-byte string.
        return retString;
    }
};

// The CEventWriter class writes XML 
// documents and strings to the event log.
class CEventWriter
{
public:
    // Creates the CEventWriter class.
    // name: the name of the 
    // event log to open.
    CEventWriter(const wstring& name)
    {                
        #ifdef UNICODE
        m_eventLog = RegisterEventSource(NULL, name.c_str());
        #else
        string multiName = CConvert::ToByteString(name);
        m_eventLog = RegisterEventSource(NULL, multiName.c_str());
        #endif        
    }

    // Creates the destructor for the 
    // CEventWriter class. This destructor
    // closes the HANDLE to the event 
    // log if that HANDLE is open.
    virtual ~CEventWriter()
    {
        // If the HANDLE to the event 
        // log is open, close it.
        if (NULL != m_eventLog)
        {
            // Deregister the event log HANDLE.
            DeregisterEventSource(m_eventLog);
            // Set the HANDLE to NULL.
            m_eventLog = NULL;
        }
    }
    // The ReportInfo method writes the content
    // of the XML document to the event log.
    // doc: the XML document to write.
    // return: true if the event log is written.
    BOOL ReportInfo(MSXML2::IXMLDOMDocument3Ptr doc)
    {
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMElementPtr documentElement = 
            doc->documentElement;
        // Get the XML as a BSTR and place this XML into a 
        // _bstr_t wrapper. The client of the XML document 
        // is responsible for deleting the returned BSTR from 
        // the property, which the _bstr_t wrapper will do
        // automatically.
        _bstr_t bstrXml = documentElement->xml;
        // Convert the _bstr_t to a wstring.
        wstring xmlString = bstrXml;
        // Write the XML to the event writer.
        return ReportInfo(xmlString);        
    }

    // The ReportInfo method writes 
    // a wstring to the event log.
    // info: the wstring to write.
    // return: true if the event log is written.
    BOOL ReportInfo(const wstring& info)
    {
        return ReportEvent(EVENTLOG_INFORMATION_TYPE, info);
    }

    // The ReportError method writes 
    // a wstring to the event log.
    // error: the wstring to write.
    // return: true if the event log is written.
    BOOL ReportError(const wstring& error)
    {
        return ReportEvent(EVENTLOG_ERROR_TYPE, error);
    }
protected:
    // The ReportEvent method accepts an event type
    // and a wstring, and attempts to write that 
    // event to the event log.
    // type: the type of the event.
    // data: the wstring to write to the event log.
    // return: true if the event log is written;
    // otherwise, false.
    BOOL ReportEvent(WORD type, const wstring& data)
    {
        // If the m_eventLog HANDLE 
        // is NULL, return false.
        if (NULL == m_eventLog)
        {
            return FALSE;
        }

        #ifndef _DEBUG
        // If the current build is not debug,
        // return so the event log is not written.
        return TRUE;
        #endif

        #ifdef UNICODE
        // The unicode version of the ReportEvent
        // method requires double-byte strings.
        PCWSTR arr[1];
        arr[0] = data.c_str();
        return ::ReportEvent(m_eventLog,
                             type,
                             0, 0, NULL, 1, 
                             0, arr, (void*)arr);
        #else
        // The non-unicode version of the ReportEvent
        // method requires single-byte strings.
        string multiByte = 
            CConvert::ToByteString(data);
        LPCSTR arr[1];
        arr[0] = multiByte.c_str();
        return ::ReportEvent(m_eventLog,
                             type,
                             0, 0, NULL, 1,
                             0, arr, (void*)arr);
        #endif
    }
private:
    // Specify the HANDLE to the 
    // event log for writing.
    HANDLE m_eventLog;
};

// The CGlobalTraceModule class creates the CGlobalModule 
// class and registers for GL_TRACE_EVENT events.
class CGlobalTraceModule : public CGlobalModule
{
public:
    // Creates the destructor for the 
    // CGlobalTraceModule class.
    virtual ~CGlobalTraceModule()
    {

    }

    // The RegisterGlobalModule method creates and registers 
    // a new CGlobalTraceModule for GL_TRACE_EVENT events.
    // dwServerVersion: the current server version.
    // pModuleInfo: the current IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
    // pGlobalInfo: the current IHttpServer pointer.
    // return: ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY if the heap is out of 
    // memory; otherwise, the value from the call to the 
    // SetGlobalNotifications method on the pModuleInfo pointer.
    static HRESULT RegisterGlobalModule
    (
        DWORD dwServerVersion,
        IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo* pModuleInfo,
        IHttpServer* pGlobalInfo
    )
    {        
        // The IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo and 
        // IHttpServer pointers must not be NULL.
        if ((NULL == pModuleInfo) || (NULL == pGlobalInfo))
        {
            return E_INVALIDARG;
        }

        // Get the IHttpTraceContext pointer 
        // from the IHttpServer pointer.
        IHttpTraceContext* traceContext =
            pGlobalInfo->GetTraceContext();

        // Get the HTTP_MODULE_ID from the 
        // IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
        HTTP_MODULE_ID moduleId = 
            pModuleInfo->GetId();

        // The IHttpTraceContext pointer and 
        // HTTP_MODULE_ID both must not be NULL.
        if ((NULL == traceContext) || (NULL == moduleId))
        {
            return E_INVALIDARG;
        }

        // Create a new CGlobalTraceModule pointer
        // using the HTTP_MODULE_ID from the 
        // IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
        CGlobalTraceModule* traceModule = 
            new CGlobalTraceModule(moduleId);

        // Return an out-of-memory error if the traceModule 
        // is NULL after the call to the new operator.
        if (NULL == traceModule)
        {            
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY);
        }    

        // Declare an HTTP_TRACE_CONFIGURATION structure 
        // to pass to the SetTraceConfiguration method.
        HTTP_TRACE_CONFIGURATION traceConfiguration;

        // Set the GUID on the HTTP_TRACE_CONFIGURATION
        // to GUID_IIS_ALL_TRACE_PROVIDERS.
        traceConfiguration.pProviderGuid = 
                                    &GUID_IIS_ALL_TRACE_PROVIDERS;
        // Register for all areas.
        traceConfiguration.dwAreas = 0xffffe;
        // Register for the maximum verbosity.
        traceConfiguration.dwVerbosity = 5;
        // Enable the provider.
        traceConfiguration.fProviderEnabled = TRUE;

        // Set the trace configuration on 
        // the IHttpTraceContext pointer.
        traceContext->SetTraceConfiguration(moduleId, &traceConfiguration);                                                  

        // Attempt to set global notification 
        // for an GL_TRACE_EVENT event by using 
        // the traceModule as a listener.
        HRESULT hr = pModuleInfo->SetGlobalNotifications
            (traceModule, GL_TRACE_EVENT);

        // Return the HRESULT from the call to 
        // the SetGlobalNotifications method.
        return hr;
    }

    // The OnGlobalTraceEvent method is the callback
    // method for GL_TRACE_EVENT events in the pipeline.
    // pProvider: the IGlobalTraceEventProvider pointer.
    // return: GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
    virtual 
    GLOBAL_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnGlobalTraceEvent
    (
        IN IGlobalTraceEventProvider*  pProvider
    )
    {
        // If the IGlobalTraceEventProvider 
        // pointer is NULL, return.
        if (NULL == pProvider)
        {
            return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
        }

        // Check if the this module has a 
        // subscription to the event.
        BOOL subscription = 
            pProvider->CheckSubscription(m_moduleId);

        // If the module is not subscribed,
        // return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
        if (!subscription)
        {
            return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
        }

        // The following code uses COM smart pointers. Wrap 
        // the code in one try/catch statement for _com_error
        // exceptions. Note: it is not necessary to call 
        // CoInitialize and CoUninitialize on this thread 
        // because IIS does this automatically.
        try
        {
            // Create an XML document in memory.
            MSXML2::IXMLDOMDocument3Ptr doc
                (__uuidof(MSXML2::DOMDocument60));

            // Create a eventProviderElement root element.            
            MSXML2::IXMLDOMElementPtr eventProviderElement =
                doc->createElement(L"eventProvider");

            // Append the eventProviderElement 
            // element to the XML document.
            doc->appendChild(eventProviderElement);

            // Convert the Boolean to a wstring.
            wstring subscriptionString = 
                CConvert::ToString(subscription);

            // Add a subscription attribute to the
            // eventProviderElement element.
            AddAttribute(L"subscription", subscriptionString,
                         eventProviderElement, doc);

            // Write the XML using the writer.        
            m_eventWriter.ReportInfo(doc);
        }
        // Catch any _com_error that occurs while 
        // writing to the XML document in memory.
        catch (_com_error& ce)
        {            
            // Get the description for the error.
            wstring description = ce.Description();
            // Write the error to the event writer.
            m_eventWriter.ReportError(description);
            // Set the error status on the
            // IGlobalTraceEventProvider pointer.
            pProvider->SetErrorStatus(ce.Error());
        }

        // Return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
        return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

    // The Terminate method is required for
    // non-abstract CGlobalTraceModule classes.
    // This method calls delete on this.
    virtual VOID Terminate(VOID)
    {
        delete this;
    }
protected:
    // Creates the constructor for the CGlobalTraceModule 
    // class. This constructor initializes the CEventWriter
    // to write to the application event log.
    // moduleId: the current module identifier.
    CGlobalTraceModule(HTTP_MODULE_ID moduleId): 
         m_eventWriter(L"IISADMIN")
    {
        m_moduleId = moduleId;
    }

    // The AddAttribute method creates a 
    // new XML attribute and appends that 
    // attribute to an existing XML element.
    // name: the name of the attribute to create.
    // text: the text to set on the new attribute.
    // element: the XML element to 
    // append the new attribute to.
    // doc: the XML document to use for
    // creating XML elements and attributes.
    // return: a new MSXML2::IXMLDOMAttributePtr.
    // throws: a _com_error exception.
    static MSXML2::IXMLDOMAttributePtr AddAttribute
    (
        const wstring& name,
        const wstring& text,
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMElementPtr element,
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMDocument3Ptr doc
    ) throw (_com_error)
    {
        // Create an attribute with the name.
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMAttributePtr attribute = 
            doc->createAttribute(name.c_str());
        // Set the text of the attribute to the text value.
        attribute->text = text.c_str();
        // Add the attribute to the passed element.
        element->setAttributeNode(attribute);
        // Return the new attribute to the caller.
        return attribute;
    }
private:
    // Specify the private CEventWriter
    // for writing events.
    CEventWriter m_eventWriter;

    // Specify the HTTP_MODULE_ID
    // for this module.
    HTTP_MODULE_ID m_moduleId;
};

// The RegisterModule method is the 
// main entry point for the DLL.
// dwServerVersion: the current server version.
// pModuleInfo: the current 
// IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
// pGlobalInfo: the current IHttpServer pointer.
// return: the value returned by calling the
// CGlobalCacheModule::RegisterGlobalModule
// method.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo* pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer* pGlobalInfo
)
{        
    // Call the static method for initialization.
    return CGlobalTraceModule::RegisterGlobalModule            
        (dwServerVersion, 
         pModuleInfo, 
         pGlobalInfo);             
}

The above code writes a new event to the Event Viewer, where the Data box contains XML similar to the following.

<eventProvider subscription="true" />  

Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can optionally compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Requirements

Type Description
Client - IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista
- IIS 7.5 on Windows 7
- IIS 8.0 on Windows 8
- IIS 10.0 on Windows 10
Server - IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008
- IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2
- IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012
- IIS 8.5 on Windows Server 2012 R2
- IIS 10.0 on Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview
Product - IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS 8.0, IIS 8.5, IIS 10.0
- IIS Express 7.5, IIS Express 8.0, IIS Express 10.0
Header Httpserv.h

See Also

IGlobalTraceEventProvider Interface