CL Environment Variables


The latest version of this topic can be found at CL Environment Variables.

The CL tool uses the following environment variables:

  • CL and _CL_, if defined. The CL tool prepends the options and arguments defined in the CL environment variable to the command line arguments, and appends the options and arguments defined in _CL_, before processing.

  • INCLUDE, which must point to the \include subdirectory of your Visual C++ installation.

  • LIBPATH, which specifies directories to search for metadata files referenced with #using. See #using for more information on LIBPATH.

You can set the CL or _CL_ environment variable using the following syntax:

SET CL=[ [option] ... [file] ...] [/link link-opt ...]  
SET _CL_=[ [option] ... [file] ...] [/link link-opt ...]  

For details on the arguments to the CL and _CL_ environment variables, see Compiler Command-Line Syntax.

You can use these environment variables to define the files and options you use most often and use the command line to define specific files and options for specific purposes. The CL and _CL_ environment variables are limited to 1024 characters (the command-line input limit).

You cannot use the /D option to define a symbol that uses an equal sign (=). You can substitute the number sign (#) for an equal sign. In this way, you can use the CL or _CL_environment variables to define preprocessor constants with explicit values—for example, /DDEBUG#1 to define DEBUG=1.

For related information, see Set Environment Variables.


The following is an example of settting the CL environment variable:


When this environment variable is set, if you enter CL INPUT.C at the command line, this is the effective command:


The following example causes a plain CL command to compile the source files FILE1.c and FILE2.c, and then link the object files FILE1.obj, FILE2.obj, and FILE3.obj:


This has the same effect as the following command line:


See Also

Setting Compiler Options
Compiler Options