PictureType Property [Access 2003 VBA Language Reference]

You can use the PictureType property to specify whether Microsoft Access stores an object's picture as a linked or an embedded object. Read/write.


expression Required. An expression that returns one of the objects in the Applies To list.


The PictureType property uses the following settings.

Setting Visual Basic Description
Embedded 0 (Default) The picture is embedded in the object and becomes part of the database file.
Linked 1 The picture is linked to the object. Microsoft Access stores a pointer to the location of the picture on the disk.

Note  You can set the PictureType property by using the object's property sheet , a macro , or Visual Basic .

This property can be set only in form Design view or report Design view.

For controls, you can set the default for this property by using the default control style or the DefaultControl property in Visual Basic.

When this property is set to Embedded, the size of the database increases by the size of the picture file and, with some .wmf files, the size may increase as much as twice the size of the picture file. When this property is set to Linked, there is no increase in the size of the database because Microsoft Access only saves a pointer to the picture's location on the disk.

Note   If a linked file is moved to another location on the disk, you must re-establish the link by using the object's Picture property.

For embedded pictures, the object's PictureData property stores the individual bits that make up a picture's image. For linked pictures, this property stores the path to the picture's file.

You can modify a linked picture by using a separate application and changes to the picture will appear the next time the object containing that picture is displayed in the database.


The following example links the picture in the "Customer Photo" image control on the "Order Entry" form to the picture on the disk. The picture is not part of the database file.

Forms("Order Entry").Controls("Customer Photo").PictureType = 1

Applies to | CommandButton Object | Form Object | Image Object | Page Object | Report Object | ToggleButton Object

See Also | Picture Property | PictureData Property