DFirst, DLast Functions [Access 2003 VBA Language Reference]

You can use the DFirst and DLast functions to return a random record from a particular field in a table or query when you simply need any value from that field. Use the DFirst and DLast functions in a macro, module, query expression, or calculated control on a form or report.

DFirst(expr, domain, [criteria])

DLast(expr, domain, [criteria])

The DFirst and DLast functions have the following arguments.

Argument Description
expr An expression that identifies the field from which you want to find the first or last value. It can be either a string expression identifying a field in a table or query, or an expression that performs a calculation on data in that field . In expr, you can include the name of a field in a table, a control on a form, a constant, or a function. If expr includes a function, it can be either built-in or user-defined, but not another domain aggregate or SQL aggregate function.
domain A string expression identifying the set of records that constitutes the domain.
criteria An optional string expression used to restrict the range of data on which the DFirst or DLast function is performed. For example, criteria is often equivalent to the WHERE clause in an SQL expression, without the word WHERE. If criteria is omitted, the DFirst and DLast functions evaluate expr against the entire domain. Any field that is included in criteria must also be a field in domain; otherwise, the DFirst and DLast functions return a Null.


Note   If you want to return the first or last record in a set of records (a domain), you should create a query sorted as either ascending or descending and set the TopValues property to 1. For more information, see the TopValues property topic. From Visual Basic, you can also create an ADO Recordset object and use the MoveFirst or MoveLast method to return the first or last record in a set of records.

See Also | DLookup Function | Domain Aggregate Functions