Refresh Method [Access 2003 VBA Language Reference]

The Refresh method immediately updates the records in the underlying record source for a specified form or datasheet to reflect changes made to the data by you and other users in a multiuser environment.


expression Required. An expression that returns one of the objects in the Applies To list.


Using the Refresh method is equivalent to clicking Refresh on the Records menu.

Microsoft Access refreshes records automatically, based on the Refresh Interval setting on the Advanced tab of the Options dialog box, available by clicking Options on the Tools menu. ODBC data sources are refreshed based on the ODBC Refresh Interval setting on the Advanced tab of the Options dialog box. You can use the Refresh method to view changes that have been made to the current set of records in a form or datasheet since the record source underlying the form or datasheet was last refreshed.

In a Microsoft Access database (.mdb), the Refresh method shows only changes made to records in the current set. Since the Refresh method doesn't actually requery the database, the current set won't include records that have been added or exclude records that have been deleted since the database was last requeried. Nor will it exclude records that no longer satisfy the criteria of the query or filter. To requery the database, use the Requery method. When the record source for a form is requeried, the current set of records will accurately reflect all data in the record source.

In a Microsoft Access project (.adp), the Refresh method requeries the database and displays any new or changed records or removes deleted records from the table on which the form is based. The form is also updated to display records based on any changes to the Filter property of the form.


  • It's often faster to refresh a form or datasheet than to requery it. This is especially true if the initial query was slow to run.
  • Don't confuse the Refresh method with the Repaint method, which repaints the screen with any pending visual changes.


The following example uses the Refresh method to update the records in the underlying record source for the form Customers whenever the form receives the focus:

Private Sub Form_Activate()
End Sub

Applies to | Form Object

See Also | Recalc Method | RepaintObject, ShowAllRecords, Requery, and Refresh Action/Method Comparison | Requery Method