Rules.Create Method

Outlook Developer Reference

Creates a Rule object with the name specified by


and the type of rule specified by



Version Information
Version Added: Outlook 2007


expression.Create(Name, RuleType)

expression A variable that represents a Rules object.


Name Required/Optional Data Type Description
Name Required String A string identifier for the rule, which will be represented by Rule.Name after rule creation. Names of rules in a collection are not unique.
RuleType Required OlRuleType A constant in the OlRuleType enumeration that determines whether the rule is applied on sending or receiving a message.

Return Value
A Rule object that represents the newly created rule.




parameter of the added rule determines valid rule actions, rule conditions, and rule exception conditions that can be associated with the Rule object.

When a rule is added to the collection, the Rule.ExecutionOrder of the new rule is 1. The ExecutionOrder of other rules in the collection is incremented by 1.


The following code sample in Visual Basic for Applicatons (VBA) uses the Rules object model to create a rule. The code sample uses the RuleAction and RuleCondition objects to specify a rule that forwards messages from a specific sender to a specific folder, unless the message contains certain terms in the subject. Note that the code sample assumes that there already exists a folder "Dan" under the Inbox.

Visual Basic for Applications
  Sub CreateRule()
    Dim colRules As Outlook.Rules
    Dim oRule As Outlook.Rule
    Dim colRuleActions As Outlook.RuleActions
    Dim oMoveRuleAction As Outlook.MoveOrCopyRuleAction
    Dim oFromCondition As Outlook.ToOrFromRuleCondition
    Dim oExceptSubject As Outlook.TextRuleCondition
    Dim oInbox As Outlook.Folder
    Dim oMoveTarget As Outlook.Folder

    'Specify target folder for rule move action
    Set oInbox = Application.Session.GetDefaultFolder(olFolderInbox)
    'Assume that target folder already exists
    Set oMoveTarget = oInbox.Folders("Dan")

    'Get Rules from Session.DefaultStore object
    Set colRules = Application.Session.DefaultStore.GetRules()

    'Create the rule by adding a Receive Rule to Rules collection
    Set oRule = colRules.Create("Dan's rule", olRuleReceive)

    'Specify the condition in a ToOrFromRuleCondition object
    'Condition is if the message is sent by "DanWilson"
    Set oFromCondition = oRule.Conditions.From
    With oFromCondition
        .Enabled = True
        .Recipients.Add ("DanWilson")
    End With

    'Specify the action in a MoveOrCopyRuleAction object
    'Action is to move the message to the target folder
    Set oMoveRuleAction = oRule.Actions.MoveToFolder
    With oMoveRuleAction
        .Enabled = True
        .Folder = oMoveTarget
    End With

    'Specify the exception condition for the subject in a TextRuleCondition object
    'Exception condition is if the subject contains "fun" or "chat"
    Set oExceptSubject = _
    With oExceptSubject
        .Enabled = True
        .Text = Array("fun", "chat")
    End With

    'Update the server and display progress dialog
End Sub

See Also