Application.CloseCurrentDatabase Method

Access Developer Reference

You can use the CloseCurrentDatabase method to close the current database (either a Microsoft Access database or an Access project (.adp) from another application that has opened a database through Automation.



expression   A variable that represents an Application object.

Return Value


For example, you might use this method from Microsoft Excel to close the database currently open in the Microsoft Access window before opening another database.

The CloseCurrentDatabase method is useful when you have opened a Microsoft Access database from another application through Automation. Once you have created an instance of Microsoft Access from another application, you must also create a new database or specify an existing database to open. This database opens in the Microsoft Access window.

If you use the CloseCurrentDatabase method to close the database that is open in the current instance of Microsoft Access, you can then open a different database without having to create another instance of Microsoft Access.


The following example opens a Microsoft Access database from another application through Automation, creates a new form and saves it, then closes the database.

You can enter this code in a Visual Basic module in any application that can act as a COM component. For example, you might run the following code from Microsoft Excel or Microsoft Visual Basic.

When the variable pointing to the Application object goes out of scope, the instance of Microsoft Access that it represents closes as well. Therefore, you should declare this variable at the module level.

Visual Basic for Applications
  ' Enter following in Declarations section of module.
Dim appAccess As Access.Application

Sub CreateForm() Const strConPathToSamples = "C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office12\Samples"

Dim frm As Form, strDB As String

' Initialize string to database path.
strDB = strConPathToSamples & "Northwind.mdb"
' Create new instance of Microsoft Access.
Set appAccess = CreateObject("Access.Application")
' Open database in Microsoft Access window.
appAccess.OpenCurrentDatabase strDB
' Create new form.
Set frm = appAccess.CreateForm
' Save new form.
appAccess.DoCmd.Save , "NewForm1"
' Close currently open database.
appAccess.<strong class="bterm">CloseCurrentDatabase</strong>
Set AppAccess = Nothing

End Sub

See Also