Shape Object (Excel)

Represents an object in the drawing layer, such as an AutoShape, freeform, OLE object, or picture.


The Shape object is a member of the Shapes collection. The Shapes collection contains all the shapes in a workbook.


There are three objects that represent shapes: the Shapes collection, which represents all the shapes on a workbook; the ShapeRange collection, which represents a specified subset of the shapes on a workbook (for example, a ShapeRange object could represent shapes one and four in the workbook, or it could represent all the selected shapes in the workbook); and the Shape object, which represents a single shape on a worksheet. If you want to work with several shapes at the same time or with shapes within the selection, use a ShapeRange collection.

Using the Shape Object

The following sections describes how to:

  • Return the shapes attached to the ends of a connector.

  • Return a newly created freeform.

  • Return a single shape from within a group.

  • Return a newly formed group of shapes.

  • Return an existing shape.

  • Return a shape within the selection.

Returning the Shapes Attached to the Ends of a Connector

To return a Shape object that represents one of the shapes attached by a connector, use the BeginConnectedShape or EndConnectedShape property.

Returning a newly created freeform

Use the BuildFreeform and AddNodes methods to define the geometry of a new freeform, and use the ConvertToShape method to create the freeform and return the Shape object that represents it.

Returning a Single Shape from Within a Group

Use GroupItems(index), where index is the shape name or the index number within the group, to return a Shape object that represents a single shape in a grouped shape.

Returning a Newly Formed Group of Shapes

Use the Group or Regroup method to group a range of shapes and return a single Shape object that represents the newly formed group. After a group has been formed, you can work with the group the same way you work with any other shape.

Returning an Existing Shape

Use Shapes(index), where index is the shape name or the index number, to return a Shape object that represents a shape.

Returning a Shape Within the Selection

Use Selection.ShapeRange(index), where index is the shape name or the index number, to return a Shape object that represents a shape within the selection.


The following example horizontally flips shape one and the shape named Rectangle 1 on myDocument.

Set myDocument = Worksheets(1) 
myDocument.Shapes(1).Flip msoFlipHorizontal 
myDocument.Shapes("Rectangle 1").Flip msoFlipHorizontal

Each shape is assigned a default name when you add it to the Shapes collection. To give the shape a more meaningful name, use the Name property. The following example adds a rectangle to myDocument, gives it the name Red Square, and then sets its foreground color and line style.

Set myDocument = Worksheets(1) 
With myDocument.Shapes.AddShape(msoShapeRectangle, _ 
 144, 144, 72, 72) 
 .Name = "Red Square" 
 .Fill.ForeColor.RGB = RGB(255, 0, 0) 
 .Line.DashStyle = msoLineDashDot 
End With

The following example sets the fill for the first shape in the selection in the active window, assuming that there’s at least one shape in the selection.

ActiveWindow.Selection.ShapeRange(1).Fill.ForeColor.RGB = _ 
 RGB(255, 0, 0)

See Also


Excel Object Model Reference

Shape Object Members