SpeechRecognitionEngine.RecognizeAsync Method

Performs a single, asynchronous speech recognition operation.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Speech.Recognition
Assembly:  Microsoft.Speech (in Microsoft.Speech.dll)

Syntax

'Declaration
Public Sub RecognizeAsync
'Usage
Dim instance As SpeechRecognitionEngine

instance.RecognizeAsync()
public void RecognizeAsync()

Remarks

This method performs a single, asynchronous recognition operation. The recognizer performs the operation against its loaded and enabled speech recognition grammars.

During a call to this method, the recognizer can raise the following events:

To retrieve the result of an asynchronous recognition operation, attach an event handler to the recognizer's SpeechRecognized event. The recognizer raises this event whenever it successfully completes a synchronous or asynchronous recognition operation. If recognition was not successful, the Result property on RecognizeCompletedEventArgs object, which you can access in the handler for the RecognizeCompleted event, will be a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

An asynchronous recognition operation can fail for the following reasons:

  • Speech is not detected before the timeout intervals expire for the BabbleTimeout or InitialSilenceTimeout properties.

  • The recognition engine detects speech but finds no matches in any of its loaded and enabled Grammar objects.

To perform synchronous recognition, use one of the Recognize methods.

Examples

The following example shows part of a console application that demonstrates basic speech recognition. The example creates a speech recognition grammar for choosing cities for a flight. It then constructs a Grammar object from the grammar, loads it into the SpeechRecognitionEngine object, and performs one recognition operation. Event handlers write the results of the recognition operation to the console.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using Microsoft.Speech.Recognition;
using System.Threading;

namespace AsynchronousRecognition
{
  class Program
  {
    // Indicate whether asynchronous recognition is complete.
    static bool completed;

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
      // Construct a SpeechRecognitionEngine object.
      using (SpeechRecognitionEngine recognizer =
        new SpeechRecognitionEngine(new CultureInfo("en-US")))
      {
        // Create a grammar for choosing cities for a flight.
        Choices cities = new Choices(new string[] 
        { "Los Angeles", "New York", "Chicago", "San Francisco", "Miami", "Dallas" });

        GrammarBuilder gb = new GrammarBuilder();
        gb.Append("I want to fly from");
        gb.Append(cities);
        gb.Append("to");
        gb.Append(cities);

        // Construct a Grammar object and load it to the recognizer.
        Grammar cityChooser = new Grammar(gb);
        cityChooser.Name = ("City Chooser");
        recognizer.LoadGrammarAsync(cityChooser);

        // Attach event handlers.
        recognizer.SpeechDetected +=
          new EventHandler<SpeechDetectedEventArgs>(
            SpeechDetectedHandler);
        recognizer.SpeechHypothesized +=
          new EventHandler<SpeechHypothesizedEventArgs>(
            SpeechHypothesizedHandler);
        recognizer.SpeechRecognitionRejected +=
          new EventHandler<SpeechRecognitionRejectedEventArgs>(
            SpeechRecognitionRejectedHandler);
        recognizer.SpeechRecognized +=
          new EventHandler<SpeechRecognizedEventArgs>(
            SpeechRecognizedHandler);
        recognizer.RecognizeCompleted +=
          new EventHandler<RecognizeCompletedEventArgs>(
            RecognizeCompletedHandler);

        // Assign input to the recognizer and start an asynchronous
        // recognition operation.
        recognizer.SetInputToDefaultAudioDevice();

        completed = false;
        Console.WriteLine("Starting asynchronous recognition...");
        recognizer.RecognizeAsync();

        // Wait for the operation to complete.
        while (!completed)
        {
          Thread.Sleep(333);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("Done.");
      }

      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit...");
      Console.ReadKey();
    }

    // Handle the SpeechDetected event.
    static void SpeechDetectedHandler(object sender, SpeechDetectedEventArgs e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine(" In SpeechDetectedHandler:");
      Console.WriteLine(" - AudioPosition = {0}", e.AudioPosition);
    }

    // Handle the SpeechHypothesized event.
    static void SpeechHypothesizedHandler(
      object sender, SpeechHypothesizedEventArgs e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine(" In SpeechHypothesizedHandler:");

      string grammarName = "<not available>";
      string resultText = "<not available>";
      if (e.Result != null)
      {
        if (e.Result.Grammar != null)
        {
          grammarName = e.Result.Grammar.Name;
        }
        resultText = e.Result.Text;
      }

      Console.WriteLine(" - Grammar Name = {0}; Result Text = {1}",
        grammarName, resultText);
    }

    // Handle the SpeechRecognitionRejected event.
    static void SpeechRecognitionRejectedHandler(
      object sender, SpeechRecognitionRejectedEventArgs e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine(" In SpeechRecognitionRejectedHandler:");

      string grammarName = "<not available>";
      string resultText = "<not available>";
      if (e.Result != null)
      {
        if (e.Result.Grammar != null)
        {
          grammarName = e.Result.Grammar.Name;
        }
        resultText = e.Result.Text;
      }

      Console.WriteLine(" - Grammar Name = {0}; Result Text = {1}",
        grammarName, resultText);
    }

    // Handle the SpeechRecognized event.
    static void SpeechRecognizedHandler(
      object sender, SpeechRecognizedEventArgs e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine(" In SpeechRecognizedHandler.");

      string grammarName = "<not available>";
      string resultText = "<not available>";
      if (e.Result != null)
      {
        if (e.Result.Grammar != null)
        {
          grammarName = e.Result.Grammar.Name;
        }
        resultText = e.Result.Text;
      }

      Console.WriteLine(" - Grammar Name = {0}; Result Text = {1}",
        grammarName, resultText);
    }

    // Handle the RecognizeCompleted event.
    static void RecognizeCompletedHandler(
      object sender, RecognizeCompletedEventArgs e)
    {
      Console.WriteLine(" In RecognizeCompletedHandler.");

      if (e.Error != null)
      {
        Console.WriteLine(
          " - Error occurred during recognition: {0}", e.Error);
        return;
      }
      if (e.InitialSilenceTimeout || e.BabbleTimeout)
      {
        Console.WriteLine(
          " - BabbleTimeout = {0}; InitialSilenceTimeout = {1}",
          e.BabbleTimeout, e.InitialSilenceTimeout);
        return;
      }
      if (e.InputStreamEnded)
      {
        Console.WriteLine(
          " - AudioPosition = {0}; InputStreamEnded = {1}",
          e.AudioPosition, e.InputStreamEnded);
      }
      if (e.Result != null)
      {
        Console.WriteLine(
          " - Grammar = {0}; Text = {1}; Confidence = {2}",
          e.Result.Grammar.Name, e.Result.Text, e.Result.Confidence);
        Console.WriteLine(" - AudioPosition = {0}", e.AudioPosition);
      }
      else
      {
        Console.WriteLine(" - No result.");
      }

      completed = true;
    }
  }
}

See Also

Reference

SpeechRecognitionEngine Class

SpeechRecognitionEngine Members

RecognizeAsync Overload

Microsoft.Speech.Recognition Namespace