25 W

wall: An extension of the background of a 3-D chart to create a three-dimensional effect. See also floor.

watched cell: A cell whose value is monitored in a separate window while formulas that are associated with the cell are calculated.

waveform (WAV): A file format in which Windows stores sounds as waveforms. Depending on the sampling frequency, whether the sound is monaural or stereo, and whether 8 or 16 bits are used for each sample, one minute of sound can occupy as little as 644 kilobytes or as much as 27 megabytes of storage. Waveform files have a .wav file name extension.

web app: See web application.

web application: (1) A container in a configuration database that stores administrative settings and entry-point URLs for site collections.

(2) A software application that uses HTTP as its core communication protocol and delivers information to the user by using web-based languages such as HTML and XML.

(3) A collection of URLs that share a server execution environment. This collection is defined relative to a root URL. A web application runs in response to HTTP requests for the URLs in the collection. The process or processes that run in response to such an HTTP request are termed the application host.

web application identifier: (1) A GUID that identifies a web application.

(2) Each ASP.NET application running on a web server is uniquely identified with a web application identifier. The web application identifier is the virtual path of the web application on the web server. A web application identifier is used as part of the identifying key on a state server when storing and retrieving session data for a specific browser session.

web bot: See bot.

web browser requestor: An HTTP 1.1 web browser client that transmits protocol messages between an IP/STS and a relying party.

web control: A server-side component that encapsulates user interface and related functionality.

web discussion: A component and add-in that enables users to enter comments about documents and pages without modifying the actual content of those documents or pages.

web discussion comment: An individual comment that is added to a web discussion.

Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Protocol (WebDAV): The Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning Protocol, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918].

web log: See blog (1).

Web Part: A reusable component that contains or generates web-based content such as XML, HTML, and scripting code. It has a standard property schema and displays that content in a cohesive unit on a webpage. See also Web Parts Page.

Web Part chrome: A set of common user interface elements that frame a Web Part within a given zone. The Web Part chrome includes a border, a title bar, and the icons, title text, and verbs menu that appear within the title bar.

Web Part connection: An element in a Web Parts Page that defines a provider-consumer data relationship between two Web Parts. When a Web Parts Page is rendered, data provided by one Web Part can affect how and what is rendered by the other Web Part.

Web Part Page: An ASP.NET webpage that includes Web Part controls that enable users to customize the page, such as specifying which information to display. Referred to as Web Parts Page in SharePoint Foundation 2010.

Web Part type identifier: A unique 16-byte value that is assigned to each Web Part type.

Web Part zone: A structured HTML section of a Web Parts Page that contains zero or more Web Parts and can be configured to control the organization and format of those Web Parts.

Web Part zone identifier: A string that identifies a Web Part zone on a Web Parts Page.

Web Part zone index: An integer that specifies the relative position of a Web Part in a Web Part zone. Web Parts are positioned from the smallest to the largest zone index. If two or more Web Parts have the same zone index they are positioned adjacent to each other in an undefined order.

Web Parts Page: An ASP.NET webpage that includes Web Part controls that enable users to customize the page, such as specifying which information to display. Referred to as Web Part Page in Windows SharePoint Services 3.0.

web query: An external data connection that retrieves a table from a website and inserts table data into a workbook.

web server: A server computer that hosts websites and responds to requests from applications.

web service: (1) A unit of application logic that provides data and services to other applications and can be called by using standard Internet transport protocols such as HTTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), or File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Web services can perform functions that range from simple requests to complicated business processes.

(2) A software entity that responds to SOAP messages ([SOAP1.1],.[WSDL]).

web service (WS) resource: A destination HTTP 1.1 web application or an HTTP 1.1 resource serviced by the application. In the context of this protocol, it refers to the application or manager of the resource that receives identity information and assertions issued by an IP/STS using this protocol. The WS resource is a relying party in the context of this protocol. For more information, see [WSFedPRP] sections 1.4 and 2.

web service method: A procedure that is exposed to web service clients as an operation that can be called on the web service. Also referred to as web method.

Web Services Description Language (WSDL): An XML format for describing network services as a set of endpoints that operate on messages that contain either document-oriented or procedure-oriented information. The operations and messages are described abstractly and are bound to a concrete network protocol and message format in order to define an endpoint. Related concrete endpoints are combined into abstract endpoints, which describe a network service. WSDL is extensible, which allows the description of endpoints and their messages regardless of the message formats or network protocols that are used.

web ticket: A security token that is sent by a protocol client to a web application during authentication (2). The security token can be included in either the body or the header of an HTTP message.

WebDAV client: A computer that uses WebDAV, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918], to retrieve data from a WebDAV server.

WebDAV server: A computer that supports WebDAV, as described in [RFC2518] or [RFC4918], and responds to requests from WebDAV clients.

website: (1) A group of related webpages that is hosted by a server on the World Wide Web or an intranet. Each website has its own entry points, metadata, administration settings, and workflows. Also referred to as site.

(2) A group of related pages and data within a SharePoint site collection. The structure and content of a site is based on a site definition. Also referred to as SharePoint site and site.

Welcome page: A page, such as default.aspx, that can be specified as the default redirect target when users browse to a URL without specifying a leaf name.

white space: A character that represents a blank space in typography and is not rendered on a screen.

whitespace: A character that can be found between words, including a space (" "), a carriage return in combination with a line feed (newline), and a tab character.

wide katakana: A non-cursive character set (1) that is used to write non-Japanese words phonetically in Japanese. Wide katakana characters are represented with two bytes.

WildcardFilter: A FilterDescriptor type that is used when querying a line-of-business (LOB) system. Its value represents a pattern of regular and wildcard characters that is matched against the value of a particular Field (4) of the set of EntityInstances. The LOB system returns only those EntityInstances whose Field values match the specified pattern.

Windows code page: A table that relates the character codes (code point values) that are used by an application to keys on a keyboard or to characters on a display. This provides support for character sets (1) and keyboard layouts for different countries or regions. Also referred to as character set or charset.

Windows collation name: A string identifier that follows the format of the Transact-Structured Query Language (T-SQL) COLLATE clause.

Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI): The Microsoft implementation of Common Information Model (CIM), as specified in [DMTF-DSP0004]. WMI allows an administrator to manage local and remote machines and models computer and network objects using an extension of the CIM standard..

Windows Metafile Format (WMF): A vector graphics format for Windows-compatible computers. Windows Metafile Format is used primarily as a clip-art format in word-processing documents.

Windows security descriptor: See security descriptor.

work: The set of state changes that are applied to resources inside an atomic transaction.

workbook: A container for a collection of sheets (1).

workbook file: A file that contains a byte stream representation of a workbook.

workbook parameter: A single cell that is designated to receive input from users.

workbook stream: See stream (1) and document stream.

workflow: (1) An automation of business processes that passes business documents and tasks automatically from one user to another for action, according to a defined sequence.

(2) A structured modular component that enables the automated movement of documents or items through a specific sequence of actions or tasks that are related to built-in or user-defined business processes.

workflow association: An association of a workflow template to a specific list or content type.

workflow events: An event that starts or resumes a workflow instance.

workflow identifier: A GUID that is used to identify a workflow.

workflow initiation form: An implementation-specific file, typically an ASPX page, that is a part of a workflow. It contains fields and other elements that can be used to initiate a process for a list item, based on the rules and settings in a workflow template that is associated with the list that contains the item.

workflow instance: An instance of a workflow association that performs on a list item the process that is defined in a workflow template.

workflow store: A stored collection of workflow definitions, workflow associations, and files that are related to workflows.

workflow subscription: A relationship that determines the data a workflow uses and when the workflow will launch.

workflow task: An action or task in a sequence that is related to a built-in or user-defined business process.

workflow template: A definition of operations, the sequence of operations, constraints, and timing for a specific process.

worksheet: A single logical container for a set of tabular data and other objects in a workbook.

worksheet header: The row and column headings of a worksheet.

worksheet image: A chart image that is embedded in a worksheet or chart sheet.

workspace: A set of remote resources, such as remote applications and desktops, which are published to end users.

write reservation: A field or condition that is set on a document, workbook, or presentation to help prevent users from modifying it.

write-reservation password: A sequence of characters that need to be entered to modify a document.

WSDL message: An abstract, typed definition of the data that is communicated during a WSDL operation, as described in [WSDL].

WSDL operation: A single action or function of a web service. The execution of a WSDL operation typically requires the exchange of messages between the service requestor and the service provider.

WSDL port type: A named set of logically-related, abstract Web Services Description Language (WSDL) operations and messages.

WS-Management: A public standard SOAP-based protocol for sharing management data among all operating systems, computers, and devices.