variant type: (1) A data type that can represent any other data type, such as integer, floating-point, single- and double-precision, and object, except fixed-length string type.
(2) An unsigned 16-bit integer that indicates the data type of a variant, as described in [MS-OAUT].
variation label: A hierarchy of sites (2), typically in one language and are identified by the URL name of the site at the top of the hierarchy and often contain recognizable locale identifiers such as “en-us”, “en-uk”, and “fr-fr”.
variations: An application that facilitates translation and related management processes for websites (2) and publishing pages. It can be used to copy content from one site, which is referred to as the source variation site, to one or more other sites, which are referred to as target variation sites. After the content is copied, it can be translated into different languages for those target variation sites.
VBA: See Visual Basic for Applications (VBA).
VBA project: A collection of the modules, class modules, and user forms that are needed to create an application. Modules, class modules, and user forms can be imported into and exported from a project.
vCard: A format for storing and exchanging electronic business cards, as described in [RFC2426].
Vector Markup Language (VML): A system of marking up or tagging two-dimensional vector graphics for publication on the World Wide Web. VML graphics are scalable and editable, and typically require less disk space and less time to download.
(2) A snapshot of data members within a model that may correspond to a specific period of time.
(3) A saved collection within a package. Each time a new collection is saved into a package, that new collection becomes the default version that is used by the package.
(4) A number that identifies the specific release and version of RPL. The version is specified by using major, minor, and build fields.
version control: The establishment and maintenance of baselines for documents or list items, and the identification of changes to those baselines. Version control makes it possible to return to a previous baseline. See also major version and minor version.
version sequence number (VSN): A 64-bit unsigned number. Version sequence numbers are assigned to global version sequence numbers as part of file metadata in monotonic increasing order.
vertical alignment: A formatting setting that specifies how content is positioned within the vertical space of a cell, object, or page. Content can be aligned along the top or bottom edge, or distributed evenly across the vertical space.
vertical indent: An indent that is used in a cell to adjust cell content vertically.
vertical text: Text that is rendered vertically in a cell.
video container: A data type that stores information needed to display videos on a collaboration server.
video encapsulation: A mechanism for transporting video payload and metadata in Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) packets.
video frame: A single still image that is shown as part of a quick succession of images in a video.
View: A set of Fields (4) of an Entity, or the schema of an Entity. An Entity can have several Views, each consisting of a different set of Fields, but all containing Identifier Fields. Views are associated with MethodInstances and define the shape of a MethodInstance’s input or output.
view identifier: A GUID that is used to uniquely identify a view.
view session: A session (2) that is based on a workbook file and during which the file can be viewed by one or more users. Any changes to the file, such as sorting or filtering data, are not persisted to that file.
view style: A pre-defined, named collection of settings that specify how to lay out data in a list view.
ViewAccessor: A type of MethodInstance that can be called to return a different View for a given EntityInstance of a specific Entity, without changing the EntityInstanceId of the EntityInstance.
view-only mode: A display mode in which data in a workbook can only be viewed, sorted, and filtered by users. Users cannot change any of the data in the workbook and any changes to the display of the data are not persisted to the workbook file.
virtual directory: (1) An HTTP URL that represents the root of a location where content can be published administratively.
(2) A URL prefix that corresponds to a physical directory on the server.
(3) An HTTP URL that represents the root of a location to which content may be published administratively.
virtual key code: (1) A symbolic constant name, hexadecimal value, or mouse or keyboard equivalent that provides a hardware- and language-independent method of identifying keyboard keys. Each virtual key code represents a unique keyboard key and also identifies the purpose of that key. The keyboard driver provides one or more keyboard layouts that maps keyboard scan codes to the appropriate virtual key codes.
(2) A device-independent code assigned to each keyboard key. [MS-TVTT] specifies virtual key codes only of the keyboard keys relevant to remote terminal applications. Valid virtual key code values are specified in section 2.2.1:
virtual private networking (VPN): A private data network that makes use of the public telecommunication infrastructure.
virus scanner: Software that is used to search for and remove computer viruses, worms, and Trojan horses.
visible: A condition of an object that allows it to be displayed in rendered output.
Visual Basic for Applications (VBA): A macro-based programming language that derives from Visual Basic and can be used to customize and extend an application. Unlike Visual Basic, VBA code and macros can be run only from within a host application that supports VBA.
visual best bet: A URL that specifies the address of an image and is assigned to a keyword by a site collection administrator as being relevant for that keyword. See also best bet.
VML: See Vector Markup Language (VML).
Voice over IP (VoIP): The use of the Internet Protocol (IP) for transmitting voice communications. VoIP delivers digitized audio in packet form and can be used to transmit over intranets, extranets, and the Internet.
volatile: A condition of a formula in which the formula is calculated every time the workbook is calculated. This is unlike a non-volatile formula, which is calculated only when dependent values are changed.
volume: A group of one or more partitions that forms a logical region of storage and the basis for a file system. A volume is an area on a storage device that is managed by the file system as a discrete logical storage unit. A partition contains at least one volume, and a volume can exist on one or more partitions.
volume sequence number (VSN) (for file replication service): A unique sequence number assigned to a change order to order the event sequence in a replica. It is a monotonically increasing sequence number assigned to each change that originates on a given replica member. If one change order has a smaller volume sequence number (VSN) than another change order, the change that the first change order represents occurs before the change that the second change order represents.