package file: (1) A file that is in a deployment package and is not a manifest file.
(2) A file that contains a collection of tasks that form a workflow that is executed in the order that is defined within the package, with possible conditional branching.
padding: Bytes that are inserted in a data stream to maintain alignment of the protocol requests on natural boundaries.
page: (1) A file that consists of HTML and can include references to graphics, scripts, or dynamic content such as Web Parts.
(2) Represents the layout settings for page-oriented report rendering formats.
page break: (1) The point at which one page ends and another begins, in the context of printing.
(2) A divider that breaks a worksheet into separate pages for printing. Page breaks are inserted automatically based on the paper size, margin settings, scaling options, and the positions of any page breaks that are inserted manually.
Page Break Preview view: A worksheet view that displays the areas to be printed and the locations of page breaks.
page description language (PDL): The language for describing the layout and contents of a printed page. Common examples are PostScript and Printer Control Language (PCL).
page field parameter: A PivotTable page field that is also a workbook parameter.
page hop: The process of traversing from one item to another during a crawl. See also site hop.
page impression: An identifier for unique query text.
page layout: A dynamic web template that is stored as a document. It contains content placeholders that bind to fields (3) of a publishing page. A page layout has an associated content type that determines which publishing pages it can be bound to.
Page Layout view: A sheet view that displays a sheet as it would appear on a printed page, including margins, header and footer elements, and pagination.
page margin: The white space at the top, bottom, and sides of a document when a document is printed.
paged view: A view that supports one or more visual pages. A paged view is used to break large sets of data into smaller sets for increased performance and manageability.
PageNumberFilter: A FilterDescriptor type that is used when querying a line-of-business (LOB) system. Its value can be the sequence number of the batch to return, if the LOB system can return data in batches.
palette: An array of values, each element of which contains the definition of a color. The color elements in a palette are often indexed so that clients can refer to the colors, each of which can occupy 24 bits or more, by a number that requires less storage space.
pane: A portion of a software window that has a distinct function and is bounded by and separated from other portions of the window by vertical or horizontal bars.
Parameter: A type of MetadataObject that represents the formal parameters of a piece of business logic (2) in a line-of-business (LOB) system. Parameters have a single root TypeDescriptor that defines the structure of the Parameter. They also have a Direction and a TypeReflector. Parameters are contained by Methods.
parameterized query: (1) A query that contains parameters. It applies to Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) and web queries. For example, a web query that retrieves stock quotes from a webpage can prompt users for a parameter, such as a stock symbol.
(2) A query that contains placeholders for values to be bound at query execution.
parent: A data item within the MDS system that can contain childmembers.
parent list: A list (1) that contains a list item or list folder.
parent site: The site that is above the current site in the hierarchy of the site collection.
parkee: A user agent whose call is parked by another user agent, by using a call park service (CPS). The parkee’s call is not terminated and can be retrieved by the user agent who parked the call or a different user agent.
(3) Any of the parties that are involved in an atomic transaction and that have a stake in the operations that are performed under the transaction or in the outcome of the transaction ([WSAT10], [WSAT11]).
(4) A user who is participating in a conference or peer-to-peer call. May also be used in reference to the object that is used to represent this participant on the implementation.
partition: (1) An area within a shared services database, such as an area that isolates different tenants within a service, or the process of creating such an area in a shared services database.
(2) A storage block that contains the content in binary files or metadata about file content.
(3) In the context of hard disks, a logical region of a hard disk. A hard disk may be subdivided into one or more partitions.
(5) A container for a specific configuration of a COM+ object class.
(7) One of the storage containers for data and aggregations of a cube. Every cube contains one or more partitions. For a cube with multiple partitions, each partition can be stored separately in a different physical location. Each partition can be based on a different data source. Partitions are not visible to users; the cube appears to be a single object.
partition identifier: A GUID that identifies a partition (1).
partner: (1) A computer connected to a local computer through either inbound or outbound connections.
(2) A participant in the MSDTC Connection Manager: OleTx Transports Protocol. Each partner has its own contact identifier (CID), and uses the IXnRemote interface to invoke and receive remote procedure calls (RPCs). The IXnRemote interface is described within the full Interface Definition Language (IDL) for [MS-CMPO] in section 6.
(3) A computer that is participating in DFS-R file replication.
(4) In the context of [MS-PASS], an organization in a business relationship with the Authentication Service (AS). A partner needs to be able to access the token issued by the AS. Typically, a partner site is the actual service or site a consumer visits and, in the process, is authenticated by the AS. Examples of partners are the MSN Money and MSN Messenger sites.
P-Asserted-Identity (PAI): A Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) header field, as described in [RFC3325], that is used by trusted entities to carry the identity of the user who is sending an SIP message as it was verified by authentication (2).
PasswordCredentialFilter: A FilterDescriptor type that is used when querying a line-of-business (LOB) system and can hold the password of an account that is defined in that system. When it is used in conjunction with a UsernameCredentialFilter, an LOB system can use the PasswordCredentialFilter value to restrict access to data for an account.
path: (1) When referring to a file path on a file system, a hierarchical sequence of folders. When referring to a connection to a storage device, a connection through which a machine can communicate with the storage device.
(2) A graphics object that is a container for a series of line and curve segments, and regions (2) in an image.
pattern color: The color of the background pattern that is specified for a cell.
pattern fill: A state of a cell in which a background pattern is specified.
pattern mask: Any of the set of patterns that specify a design for the background of a cell.
patterned overlay mask: See pattern mask.
(2) The entity being authenticated by the authenticator.
(3) In DirectPlay, a player within a DirectPlay game session that has an established connection with every other peer in the game session, and which is not performing game session management duties. The participant that is managing the game session is called the host.
(4) An instance of the Retrieval Protocol for the Peer Content Caching and Retrieval Framework running on a host. A peer can be both a client and a server in the Retrieval Protocol operations.
(5) A node participating in the content caching and retrieval system. A peer is a node that both accesses the content and serves the content it caches for other peers.
(6) The entity on either end of an established SMP session.
(7) A single device or node in a peer-to-peer networking system.
(8) When used in context with the IETF standard Layering 2 Tunnel Protocol (L2TP), as specified in [MS-L2TPIE], peer refers to either the LAC or LNS. LNS is a peer to LAC and vice versa.
(9) When used in context with [MS-PTPT], peer refers to either the PAC or PNS. A PAC's peer is a PNS and vice versa.
peer name: A string composed of an authority and a classifier. This is the string used by applications to resolve to a list of endpoints and/or an extended payload. A peer name is not required to be unique. For example, several nodes that provide the same service may register the same Peer Name.
peer-derived transport address: A derived transport address that is obtained from a connectivity check that is sent to a peer endpoint (5).
peer-to-peer: A server-less networking technology that allows several participating network devices to share resources and communicate directly with each other.
permission: A rule that is associated with an object and that regulates which users can gain access to the object and in what manner. See also rights.
permission level: A set of permissions that can be granted to principals or SharePoint groups on an entity such as a site, list, folder, item, or document.
persist: The process of storing data in a memory medium that does not require electricity to maintain the data that it stores. Examples of such mediums are hard disks, CDs, non-volatile RAM, and memory sticks.
personal site: A type of SharePoint site that is used by an individual user for personal productivity. The site appears to the user as My Site.
personal view: A view of a list that is created by a user for personal use. The view is unavailable to other users.
personal Web Part: A Web Part that was added to the personal view of a Web Parts Page and is available only to the user who added it.
personalization data: Customized data that is stored for a set of Web Parts. The data can be shared by all users or be specific to an individual user.
P-frame: A predicative video frame that references a previous frame. Also referred to as inter-coded frame or inter-frame.
phonetic guide: A set of supplemental phonetic symbols that appears above text in Japanese and other East Asian languages. A phonetic guide is displayed automatically and can be edited by the user.
phonetic information: A series of characters that appear above text in a cell and provide information that helps users pronounce the text.
phonetic string: A series of characters that appear above a string and provide information that helps users pronounce the string. Phonetic strings are typically used in East Asian languages.
phonetic text run: A series of characters that are within a phonetic string.
physical left: A leftward position that is not relative to the language orientation of document content. See also logical left.
physical right: A rightward position that is not relative to the language orientation of document content. See also logical right.
picture library: A type of document library that is optimized for storing digital pictures or graphics.
pinned term: A term in a term set that cannot be directly moved or deleted.
pipeline: An ordered collection of commands, with the output of one command passed as input to the next.
PivotChart: See PivotChart report.
PivotChart filter pane: A user interface element that displays a list of active fields in a PivotChart view and is used to apply filters to those fields.
PivotChart report: A chart that uses a PivotCache for source data and inherits filtering and sorting functionality from a PivotTable report.
PivotTable: An interactive table that summarizes large amounts of data from various sources by using format and calculation methods. Row and column headings can be rotated to view different summaries of the source data, filter the data, or display detail data for specific areas.
PivotTable area: A logical zone that is used to organize data in a PivotTable report.
PivotTable data field: A PivotTable field that is contained in the PivotTable area where data values are shown.
PivotTable field: An element in a PivotTable report that represents a logical collection of data. A PivotTable field can represent a dimension hierarchy or actual data values.
PivotTable field list: A user interface element that displays a list of all of the fields in a PivotTable report. It can be used to populate a PivotTable report and to manipulate the fields.
PivotTable filter parameter: The value that a filter on a PivotTable report is set to, which indicates that matching values are included in the result set.
PivotTable member: An individual data item within a specific dimension as it is displayed in a PivotTable report. For example, a member in the Geography dimension might be North America.
PivotTable page field: A filter in a PivotTable report that applies to all of the data in the report, including any hierarchies.
pixel: A discrete unit of display on a computer display device.
placeholder: A character or symbol that is used in place of an actual value, text, or object. The actual value that the placeholder represents is unknown or unavailable at the current time, or is not displayed for security reasons.
plaintext: In cryptography, ordinary readable text before it is encrypted into ciphertext, or after it has been decrypted.
player: A person who is playing a computer game. There may be multiple players on a computer participating in any given game session. See also name table.
plot area: A portion of a chart area that contains the plotted data and axes.
pluggable security authentication: The ability to support alternate mechanisms for determining the identity of another entity.
point: A unit of measurement for fonts and spacing. A point is equal to 1/72 of an inch.
policy: (1) A set of rules that governs all interactions with an object such as a document or item.
(2) The set of rules that govern the interaction between a subject and an object or resource.
(3) A collection of settings that contains global settings, profile settings, firewall rules, and connection security rules. Together these settings specify how the host firewall and Internet Protocol security (IPsec) behave on the client computer.
(5) A set of conditions and actions. The conditions provide a mechanism for classifying DHCP Clients. Classification is based on the conditions and expressions configured by the user as part of the policy. DHCP Client requests received by the server are evaluated as per the classification specified in the policy. The actions can have an associated IP address range and/or option values. If a DHCP Client request matches policy conditions, the client is given an IP address from the IP address range of the policy. The client will also be given options configured for the matched policy. A policy can be configured at the scope or server level. Multiple policies can be configured at both the scope and server levels.
policy application: The protocol exchange by which a client obtains all of the Group Policy Object (GPO) and thus all applicable Group Policy settings for a particular policy target from the server, as specified in [MS-GPOL]. Policy application can operate in two modes, user policy and computer policy.
polling SUBSCRIBE: A SUBSCRIBE request that is used to obtain a one-time snapshot of presence information for a presentity. It has a value of "0" (zero) in the Expires header field and does not have any tag in the To header field.
Popup control: A built-in or custom control on a menu bar or toolbar that displays a menu of related commands when clicked.
port: (1) A TCP/IP numbered connection point that is used to transfer data.
(4) The abstraction that transport protocols use to distinguish among multiple destinations within a given host computer. TCP/IP protocols identify ports by using small positive integers. The transport selectors (TSEL) used by the OSI transport layer are equivalent to ports. RTP depends upon the lower-layer protocol to provide some mechanism such as ports to multiplex the RTP and RTCP packets of a session. For more information, see [RFC3550] section 3.
(5) A place to add or remove physical media from a library.
(6) The logical endpoint of a remote access connection on the client or server.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG): A bitmap graphics file format that uses lossless data compression and supports variable transparency of images (alpha channels) and control of image brightness on different computers (gamma correction). PNG-format files have a .png file name extension.
portal site: A type of SharePoint site that can act as an umbrella to other sites and can be used by a large organization.
portal site map provider: A site map provider that uses the location of objects, such as pages, in the file system as its source data for constructing a site map.
postback: A process in which a webpage sends data back to the server that hosts the page.
post-query suggestions: An alternative search query that is related to the search query that was executed.
PostScan job: A unit of work within the scan repository.
PPTP: Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) Profile, as defined in [MS-PTPT].
PPTP Access Concentrator (PAC): A node that acts as one side of a PPTP tunnel endpoint and is a peer to the PPTP Network Server (PNS). PAC refers to the server that terminates the PPTP tunnel and provides VPN connectivity to a remote client.
PPTP Network Server (PNS): A node that acts as one side of a PPTP tunnel endpoint and is a peer to the PPTP Access Concentrator (PAC). PNS refers to the remote client that requests to establish a VPN connectivity using PPTP tunnel.
precision as displayed: A calculation setting that permanently changes stored values in cells from full precision (15 digits) to the currently displayed format, including the number of decimal places.
prefix length: An integer that represents the number of identical bytes at the beginning of the current and previous index key strings. See also suffix length.
pre-query suggestions: A search query that is related to the search query that the user is typing.
presence: (1) A status indicator on a client device that is transmitted by using the Wide Area Network Device Presence Protocol (WAN DPP).
(2) A setting for the User field that determines whether instant-messaging status information appears with user names in that field.
presence information: A set of metadata for a client device, including IP address, port, and connection status.
Presence Information Data Format (PIDF): A common data format defined in [RFC3863] to exchange presence information.
presence server: A protocol server that uses Wide Area Network Device Presence Protocol (WAN DPP) to communicate presence information for client devices and to process both publish and subscribe messages from client devices.
presentation: (1) A collection of slides that are intended to be viewed by an audience.
(2) A set of audio and video data streams and related metadata that are synchronized for playback on a client.
presentation broadcast: A feature that enables users to run a presentation over the web. The presentation is saved in HTML format and can contain audio and video. It can also be recorded and saved for viewing later.
presentation slide: A slide that contains the content that can be displayed during a slide show. A presentation slide can derive formatting and content from a main master slide or a title master slide.
presentity: An entity that provides presence information to a presence service.
primary key: A field or set of fields that uniquely identifies each record in a table. A primary key cannot contain a null value.
primary lookup field: A lookup field that returns all of the information that is needed to support lookup operations from one list to another. See also dependent lookup field.
primary pie: The main chart in a bar of pie or pie of pie chart. A primary pie chart has one pie slice (data point) that is a grouping of data points.
primary shortcut key: The default combination of keys that are pressed simultaneously to execute a command. See also secondary shortcut key.
principal: (1) An authenticated entity that initiates a message or channel in a distributed system.
(2) An identifier of such an entity.
(4) An authenticated entity that initiates a message or channel in a distributed system.
(5) An ID of such an entity.
(6) In Kerberos, a Kerberos principal.
(7) A unique entity identifiable by a security identifier (SID) that is typically the requester of access to securable objects or resources. It often corresponds to a human user but can also be a computer or service. It is sometimes referred to as a security principal.
print area: A collection of one or more ranges of cells that are designated to be printed. If a worksheet includes a print area, only the content inside the print area is printed.
print client: The application or user that is trying to apply an operation on the print system either by printing a job or by managing the data structures or devices maintained by the print system.
print job: The rendered page description language (PDL) output data sent to a print device for a particular application or user request.
print server: A machine that hosts the print system and all its different components.
print settings: The settings that specify how a file is printed in a specific print job, such as duplex or landscape orientation. Printer settings are settings that can differ from printer to printer but apply to every print job of a given printer. Print settings are values that typically vary between print jobs.
print titles: The rows or columns (2) that appear on each page when a page is printed. Print titles are typically used to print column headers above tabular data that spans several printed pages.
print view: A document view that displays a document as it will appear on a printed page.
Printer Control Language (PCL): A page description language (PDL) developed by Hewlett Packard for its laser and ink-jet printers.
private branch exchange (PBX): A server-based telephony solution that services a specific organization or office.
private key: One of a pair of keys used in public-key cryptography. The private key is kept secret and is used to decrypt data that has been encrypted with the corresponding public key. For an introduction to this concept, see [CRYPTO] section 1.8 and [IEEE1363] section 3.1.
privilege attribute certificate (PAC): A Microsoft-specific authorization data present in the authorization data field of a ticket. The PAC contains several logical components, including group membership data for authorization, alternate credentials for non-Kerberos authentication protocols, and policy control information for supporting interactive logon.
procedural module: A collection of subroutines and functions.
process matching criteria (PMC): A resource policy object that selects a subset of currently executing processes. Since processes are dynamically created and terminated by the operating system in the course of running workloads, the WSRM Protocol uses PMCs as a means of identifying processes for resource management purposes. PMCs specify partial or full values to be matched against process property fields. Each PMC includes a name and a nonempty set of matching values and can also include a nonempty set of exclusion values. All running processes under management whose path and the associated user name match the values provided in a PMC are selected by that PMC, provided that they are not already selected by another PMC and do not match the exclusion values. Processes selected by a PMC specification at any given time are said to match, or be in, the PMC. A process can be selected by only one PMC at a time. The term resource group" and PMC are used interchangeably.
profile page: An ASP.NET webpage that includes Web Part controls that display data from a line-of-business (LOB) system. By default, it contains a single Web Part that displays the details of a single, primary EntityInstance. If the primary Entity has associated Entities and is the source of an Association, the profile page also contains a related Web Part for each associated Entity, and each related Web Part displays EntityInstances that are associated with the primary EntityInstance.
profile site: A page that can display detailed information about a user by using a URL prefix that can be concatenated with a login name, email address, or GUID that identifies the user.
ProgID: An identifier that is used by the Windows registry to uniquely identify an object and is in the form OLEServerName.ObjectName, for example, "Excel.Sheet" or "PowerPoint.Slide."
promotion: A search setting that can be associated with a set of keywords and that specifies the same query boost value for all of those keywords.
Property: A typed name/value pair that is associated with a MetadataObject. Properties enable consumers of a protocol client to annotate or decorate the MetadataObject with consumer-specific extensions. A MetadataObject can contain multiple Properties.
property bag: (1) A container that stores data but is not defined in the schema for a SharePoint list. Instead of interpreting data in a property bag, the server only passes the data in response to requests. See also metadict.
(2) A name/value pair that stores a property of a control or object, typically by using the IPropertyBag interface.
property ID: A 16-bit numeric identifier of a specific attribute (1). A property ID does not include any property type information.
property identifier: (1) A unique integer or a 16-bit, numeric identifier that is used to identify a specific attribute (1) or property.
(2) A numerical value that uniquely identifies a property in a property set.
(3) A DWORD value associated with an MSMQ object property that defines the property type and its semantic meaning.
(2) A set of attributes, identified by a GUID. Granting access to a property set grants access to all the attributes in the set.
(3) A set of properties, along with an FMTID, identifying the property set format and an associated class identifier (CLSID). The CLSID is used to identify the application or component that created the property set.
property tag: A 32-bit value that contains a property type and a property ID. The low-order 16 bits represent the property type. The high-order 16 bits represent the property ID.
property type: A 16-bit quantity that specifies the data type of a property value.
protected: A property that is applied manually to a file or a portion of a file, with or without a password, and that helps prevent users from accidentally or deliberately changing, moving, or deleting data.
protected content: (1) Any content or information, such as a file, Internet message, or other object type, to which a rights-management usage policy is assigned and is encrypted according to that policy. See also Information Rights Management (IRM).
(2) Content for which usage is governed by policies specified in a license.
(3) Any media content that has a DRM usage policy assigned to it, and is encrypted according to that policy.
(4) Any content or information (file, email) that has an RMS usage policy assigned to it, and is encrypted according to that policy. Also known as "Protected Information".
protection: A mechanism that helps restrict users from making unwanted changes to the data or structure of a workbook.
protocol data units (PDUs): Information that is delivered as a unit among peer entities of a network and that may contain control information, address information, or data. For more information on remote procedure call (RPC)-specific PDUs, see [C706-Ch12RPC_PDU_Encode].
protocol stream: A continuous stream of records flowing in one direction.
provisioned: A condition of an object that was created and deployed successfully.
proxy: (1) A computer, or the software that runs on it, that acts as a barrier between a network and the Internet by presenting only a single network address to external sites. By acting as a go-between that represents all internal computers, the proxy helps protects network identities while also providing access to the Internet.
(2) A network node that accepts network traffic originating from one network agent and transmits it to another network agent.
(3) Part of the Remoting Data Model. A Proxy forwards the invocations of Remote Methods from the client to the Server Object for execution. The Proxy contains the Request URI of the Server Object. For more information, see [MS-NRTP] section 3.1.1.
(4) Used as described in [RFC2616] section 1.3
(5) An entity that can receive logging messages from both a client and a proxy, or from a server that is streaming on behalf of another server.
PSOM channel: A packet, datagram, octet stream connection, or sequence of logical connections that exists between endpoints (5) that are not unique. The channel defines a unique identity for each endpoint (5) and helps secure communications between them. It uses a root distributed object to enable both logical connections between child distributed objects and the exchange of messages between peers. A single PSOM connection can contain multiple PSOM channels.
public address: (1) An IPv4 or IPv6 address that is on the Internet.
(2) An external global address used by a network address translation (NAT).
public IM connectivity: The ability of a protocol server deployment to interoperate with a public instant messaging (IM) provider.
public key: One of a pair of keys used in public-key cryptography. The public key is distributed freely and published as part of a digital certificate. For an introduction to this concept, see [CRYPTO] section 1.8 and [IEEE1363] section 3.1.
public key infrastructure (PKI): The laws, policies, standards, and software that regulate or manipulate certificates and public and private keys. In practice, it is a system of digital certificates, certificate authorities (CAs), and other registration authorities that verify and authenticate the validity of each party involved in an electronic transaction (3). For more information, see [X509] section 6.
public switched telephone network (PSTN): Public switched telephone network is the voice-oriented public switched telephone network. It is circuit-switched, as opposed to the packet-switched networks.
public view: A view of a list that is available to all users who have permission to access that list.
publish: (1) The process of making an InfoPath form template available for people to fill out by using Microsoft InfoPath or a web browser.
(2) The process of posting presence (1) information from a client device to a presence server by using the Wide Area Network Device Presence Protocol (WAN DPP).
(3) A SERVICE request that specifies which category (4) instances to publish for a presentity.
(4) To register a Peer Name by using an encrypted Remote Assistance Connection String that is associated as the payload.
(5) An operation that makes business rules available for use within the Master Data Services (MDS) system.
published: A condition of portions of a workbook that are marked as being available to the user when that workbook is processed by a protocol server.
published item: A specific named object that is in a published workbook.
published items snapshot: A snapshot that contains only the published items or published sheets from a workbook. If no published items are defined, a snapshot contains an entire workbook.
published range: A specific type of published item that represents a range of cells.
published sheet: A sheet (2) that is published.
published version: The version of a list item that is approved and can be seen by all users. The user interface (UI) version number for a published version is incremented to the next positive major version number and the minor version is "0" (zero). See also major version and minor version.
publisher: (1) A SIP protocol client that is making a publish request.
(2) An application that needs to publish historical data that may be of interest to other applications.
(4) A set of resources that are contained in the same workspace.
(5) In the context of events: The source of event generation. An application or component that writes to one or more event logs. An application that publishes events.
publisher-subscriber framework: An application framework that allows applications to expose historical data to other applications that might receive this data.
publishing level: An integer that is assigned to a document to indicate the publishing status of that version of the document.
publishing page: A document that binds to a page layout to generate an HTML page for display to a reader. Publishing pages have specific fields that contain the content that is displayed in an HTML page.