Mediation Server Component
Topic Last Modified: 2011-05-16
You must deploy Lync Server 2010 Mediation Server if you deploy the Enterprise Voice workload. This section describes basic functionality, dependencies, basic topologies, and planning guidelines.
Mediation Server translates signaling and, in some configurations, media between your internal Lync Server VoIP infrastructure and a public switched telephone network (PSTN) gateway or a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) trunk. On the Lync Server side, Mediation Server listens on a single mutual TLS (MTLS) transport address. On the gateway side, Mediation Server listens on a single TCP and single TLS transport address or a single TLS transport address. All qualified gateways must support TLS, but can enable TCP as well. TCP is supported for gateways that do not support TLS.
If you also have an existing Public Branch Exchange (PBX) in your environment, Mediation Server handles calls between Enterprise Voice users and the PBX. If your PBX is an IP-PBX, you can create a direct SIP connection between the PBX and Mediation Server. If your PBX is a Time Division Multiplex (TDM) PBX, you must also deploy a PSTN gateway between Mediation Server and the PBX.
In Lync Server 2010, the Mediation Server is collocated with the Front End Server by default. The Mediation Server can also be deployed in a stand-alone pool for performance reasons, or if you deploy SIP trunking, in which case the stand-alone pool is strongly recommended.
If you deploy Direct SIP connections to a qualified PSTN gateway that supports media bypass and DNS load balancing, a stand-alone Mediation Server pool is not necessary. A stand-alone Mediation Server pool is not necessary because qualified gateways are capable of DNS load balancing to a pool of Mediation Servers and they can receive traffic from any Mediation Server in a pool.
We also recommend that you collocate the Mediation Server on a Front End pool when you have deployed IP-PBXs or connect to an Internet Telephony Server Provider’s Session Border Controller (SBC), as long as any of the following conditions are met:
The IP-PBX or SBC is configured to receive traffic from any Mediation Server in the pool and can route traffic uniformly to all Mediation Servers in the pool.
The IP-PBX does not support media bypass, but the Front End pool that is hosting the Mediation Server can handle voice transcoding for calls to which media bypass does not apply.
You can use the Microsoft Lync Server 2010, Planning Tool to evaluate whether the Front End pool where you want to collocate the Mediation Server can handle the load. If your environment cannot meet these requirements, then you must deploy a stand-alone Mediation Server pool.
The main functions of the Mediation Server are as follows:
Encrypting and decrypting SRTP on the Lync Server side
Translating SIP over TCP (for gateways that do not support TLS) to SIP over mutual TLS
Translating media streams between Lync Server and the gateway peer of the Mediation Server
Connecting clients that are outside the network to internal ICE components, which enable media traversal of NAT and firewalls
Acting as an intermediary for call flows that a gateway does not support, such as calls from remote workers on an Enterprise Voice client
In deployments that include SIP trunking, working with the SIP trunking service provider to provide PSTN support, which eliminates the need for a PSTN gateway
The following figure shows the signaling and media protocols that are used by the Mediation Server when communicating with a basic PSTN gateway and the Enterprise Voice infrastructure.
Signaling and media protocols used by the Mediation Server
If you are using TCP or RTP/RTCP (instead of SRTP or SRTCP) on the network between the PSTN gateway and the Mediation Server, we recommend that you take measures to help ensure the security and privacy of the network.