Using the WinForms ReportViewer Control

New: 17 July 2006

To view reports that have been deployed to a report server or reports that exist on the local file system, you can use the WinForms ReportViewer control to render them in a Windows application.

To add the ReportViewer Control to a Windows application
  1. Create a new Windows application using either Microsoft Visual C# or Microsoft Visual Basic.
    - Or -
    Open an exiting Windows application project and add a new form.
  2. Locate the ReportViewer control in the Toolbox. If the Toolbox is not visible, you can access it from the View menu by selecting Toolbox.
  3. Drag the ReportViewer control onto the design surface of the Windows Form.
    A ReportViewer control named reportViewer1 is added to the form.

After the control is added to the form the ReportViewer Tasks smart tag will appear prompting you to select a report. If the report you wish to view has been deployed to a report server select the <Server Report> option from the Choose Report drop-down list. Once the <Server Report> option is selected two additional properties will appear, Report Server Url and Report Path. The Report Server Url is the address to the report server and the Report Path is the full path to the report you want to render. If you want to view a report in local mode select either the Design a new report option to launch the report designer or select a report that is already part of the existing project.

Viewing Reports in Remote Processing Mode

The following example demonstrates how to render a report that has been deployed to a report server using the WinForms ReportViewer control. This example uses the Sales Order Detail report that is included with the AdventureWorks sample reports project. For more information about how to deploy this sample report, see AdventureWorks Report Samples.

public partial class Form1 : Form
{
    private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Set the processing mode for the ReportViewer to Remote
        reportViewer1.ProcessingMode = ProcessingMode.Remote;

        ServerReport serverReport = reportViewer1.ServerReport;

        // Get a reference to the default credentials
        System.Net.ICredentials credentials =
            System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

        // Get a reference to the report server credentials
        ReportServerCredentials rsCredentials =
            serverReport.ReportServerCredentials;

        // Set the credentials for the server report
        rsCredentials.NetworkCredentials = credentials;

        // Set the report server URL and report path
        serverReport.ReportServerUrl = 
            new Uri("http://localhost/reportserver");
        serverReport.ReportPath = 
            "/AdventureWorks Sample Reports/Sales Order Detail";

        // Create the sales order number report parameter
        ReportParameter salesOrderNumber = new ReportParameter();
        salesOrderNumber.Name = "SalesOrderNumber";
        salesOrderNumber.Values.Add("SO43661");

        // Set the report parameters for the report
        reportViewer1.ServerReport.SetParameters(
            new ReportParameter[] { salesOrderNumber });

        // Refresh the report
        reportViewer1.RefreshReport();
    }
}
Imports Microsoft.Reporting.WinForms

Public Class Form1

    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                           ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
                           Handles MyBase.Load

        'Set the processing mode for the ReportViewer to Remote
        reportViewer1.ProcessingMode = ProcessingMode.Remote

        Dim serverReport As ServerReport
        serverReport = reportViewer1.ServerReport

        'Get a reference to the default credentials
        Dim credentials As System.Net.ICredentials
        credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials

        'Get a reference to the report server credentials
        Dim rsCredentials As ReportServerCredentials
        rsCredentials = serverReport.ReportServerCredentials

        'Set the credentials for the server report
        rsCredentials.NetworkCredentials = credentials

        'Set the report server URL and report path
        serverReport.ReportServerUrl = _
           New Uri("http://localhost/reportserver")
        serverReport.ReportPath = _
           "/AdventureWorks Sample Reports/Sales Order Detail"

        'Create the sales order number report parameter
        Dim salesOrderNumber As New ReportParameter()
        salesOrderNumber.Name = "SalesOrderNumber"
        salesOrderNumber.Values.Add("SO43661")

        'Set the report parameters for the report
        Dim parameters() As ReportParameter = {salesOrderNumber}
        serverReport.SetParameters(parameters)

        'Refresh the report
        reportViewer1.RefreshReport()
    End Sub

End Class

Viewing Reports in Local Processing Mode

The following example demonstrates how to render a report that is part of the Windows application and has not been deployed to a report server. This example also uses the Sales Order Detail report from the AdventureWorks Report Samples project.

To add the Sales Order Detail report to a Windows application
  1. Open the Windows project the report will be added to

  2. From the Project menu, select Add Existing Item.

  3. Browse to the location where the AdventureWorks Report Samples project is installed.
    The default location is C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Samples\Reporting Services\Report Samples\AdventureWorks Sample Reports. For more information about how to install the samples, see Installing Samples.

  4. Select the Sales Order Detail.rdl file and click the Add button.
    The Sales Order Detail.rdl file should now be part of the project.

  5. Right-click the Sales Order Detail.rdl file in the Solution Explorer and select Rename. Rename the report to Sales Order Detail.rdlc and press ENTER.
    If the Solution Explorer is not visible, you can open it from the View menu by selecting Solution Explorer.

    Note

    Renaming the file extension from rdl to rdlc will allow you to edit the report using report designer for Microsoft Visual Studio 2005.

  6. After the report has been renamed, select the file and locate the Properties window. Change the Copy to Output Directory property to Copy if Newer.
    If the Properties window is not visible, you can open it from the View menu by selecting Properties Window.

The following code example will create a dataset for the sales order data and then render the Sales Order Detail report in local mode.

public partial class Form1 : Form
{
    private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Set the processing mode for the ReportViewer to Local
        reportViewer1.ProcessingMode = ProcessingMode.Local;

        LocalReport localReport = reportViewer1.LocalReport;

        localReport.ReportPath = "Sales Order Detail.rdlc";

        DataSet dataset = new DataSet("Sales Order Detail");

        string salesOrderNumber = "SO43661";

        // Get the sales order data
        GetSalesOrderData(salesOrderNumber, ref dataset);

        // Create a report data source for the sales order data
        ReportDataSource dsSalesOrder = new ReportDataSource();
        dsSalesOrder.Name = "SalesOrder";
        dsSalesOrder.Value = dataset.Tables["SalesOrder"];

        localReport.DataSources.Add(dsSalesOrder);

        // Get the sales order detail data
        GetSalesOrderDetailData(salesOrderNumber, ref dataset);

        // Create a report data source for the sales order detail 
        // data
        ReportDataSource dsSalesOrderDetail =
            new ReportDataSource();
        dsSalesOrderDetail.Name = "SalesOrderDetail";
        dsSalesOrderDetail.Value =
            dataset.Tables["SalesOrderDetail"];

        localReport.DataSources.Add(dsSalesOrderDetail);

        // Create a report parameter for the sales order number 
        ReportParameter rpSalesOrderNumber = new ReportParameter();
        rpSalesOrderNumber.Name = "SalesOrderNumber";
        rpSalesOrderNumber.Values.Add("SO43661");

        // Set the report parameters for the report
        localReport.SetParameters(
            new ReportParameter[] { rpSalesOrderNumber });

        // Refresh the report
        reportViewer1.RefreshReport();
    }

    private void GetSalesOrderData(string salesOrderNumber,
                                   ref DataSet dsSalesOrder)
    {
        string sqlSalesOrder =
            "SELECT SOH.SalesOrderNumber, S.Name AS Store, " +
            "       SOH.OrderDate, C.FirstName AS SalesFirstName, " +
            "       C.LastName AS SalesLastName, E.Title AS " +
            "       SalesTitle, SOH.PurchaseOrderNumber, " +
            "       SM.Name AS ShipMethod, BA.AddressLine1 " +
            "       AS BillAddress1, BA.AddressLine2 AS " +
            "       BillAddress2, BA.City AS BillCity, " +
            "       BA.PostalCode AS BillPostalCode, BSP.Name " +
            "       AS BillStateProvince, BCR.Name AS " +
            "       BillCountryRegion, SA.AddressLine1 AS " +
            "       ShipAddress1, SA.AddressLine2 AS " +
            "       ShipAddress2, SA.City AS ShipCity, " +
            "       SA.PostalCode AS ShipPostalCode, SSP.Name " +
            "       AS ShipStateProvince, SCR.Name AS " +
            "       ShipCountryRegion, CC.Phone AS CustPhone, " +
            "       CC.FirstName AS CustFirstName, CC.LastName " +
            "       AS CustLastName " +
            "FROM   Person.Address SA INNER JOIN " +
            "       Person.StateProvince SSP ON " +
            "       SA.StateProvinceID = SSP.StateProvinceID " +
            "       INNER JOIN Person.CountryRegion SCR ON " +
            "       SSP.CountryRegionCode = SCR.CountryRegionCode " +
            "       RIGHT OUTER JOIN Sales.SalesOrderHeader SOH " +
            "       LEFT OUTER JOIN  Person.Contact CC ON " +
            "       SOH.ContactID = CC.ContactID LEFT OUTER JOIN" +
            "       Person.Address BA INNER JOIN " +
            "       Person.StateProvince BSP ON " +
            "       BA.StateProvinceID = BSP.StateProvinceID " +
            "       INNER JOIN Person.CountryRegion BCR ON " +
            "       BSP.CountryRegionCode = " +
            "       BCR.CountryRegionCode ON SOH.BillToAddressID " +
            "       = BA.AddressID ON  SA.AddressID = " +
            "       SOH.ShipToAddressID LEFT OUTER JOIN " +
            "       Person.Contact C RIGHT OUTER JOIN " +
            "       HumanResources.Employee E ON C.ContactID = " +
            "       E.ContactID ON SOH.SalesPersonID = " +
            "       E.EmployeeID LEFT OUTER JOIN " +
            "       Purchasing.ShipMethod SM ON SOH.ShipMethodID " +
            "       = SM.ShipMethodID LEFT OUTER JOIN Sales.Store" +
            "        S ON SOH.CustomerID = S.CustomerID " +
            "WHERE  (SOH.SalesOrderNumber = @SalesOrderNumber)";

        SqlConnection connection = new
            SqlConnection("Data Source=(local); " +
                          "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks; " +
                          "Integrated Security=SSPI");

        SqlCommand command =
            new SqlCommand(sqlSalesOrder, connection);

        command.Parameters.Add(
            new SqlParameter("SalesOrderNumber",
            salesOrderNumber));

        SqlDataAdapter salesOrderAdapter = new
            SqlDataAdapter(command);

        salesOrderAdapter.Fill(dsSalesOrder, "SalesOrder");
    }

    private void GetSalesOrderDetailData(string salesOrderNumber,
                           ref DataSet dsSalesOrder)
    {
        string sqlSalesOrderDetail =
            "SELECT  SOD.SalesOrderDetailID, SOD.OrderQty, " +
            "        SOD.UnitPrice, CASE WHEN " +
            "        SOD.UnitPriceDiscount IS NULL THEN 0 " +
            "        ELSE SOD.UnitPriceDiscount END AS " +
            "        UnitPriceDiscount, SOD.LineTotal, " +
            "        SOD.CarrierTrackingNumber, " +
            "        SOD.SalesOrderID, P.Name, P.ProductNumber " +
            "FROM    Sales.SalesOrderDetail SOD INNER JOIN " +
            "        Production.Product P ON SOD.ProductID = " +
            "        P.ProductID INNER JOIN " +
            "        Sales.SalesOrderHeader SOH ON " +
            "        SOD.SalesOrderID = SOH.SalesOrderID " +
            "WHERE   (SOH.SalesOrderNumber = @SalesOrderNumber) " +
            "ORDER BY SOD.SalesOrderDetailID";

        using (SqlConnection connection = new
            SqlConnection("Data Source=(local); " +
                          "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks; " +
                          "Integrated Security=SSPI"))
        {

            SqlCommand command =
                new SqlCommand(sqlSalesOrderDetail, connection);

            command.Parameters.Add(
                new SqlParameter("SalesOrderNumber",
                salesOrderNumber));

            SqlDataAdapter salesOrderDetailAdapter = new
                SqlDataAdapter(command);

            salesOrderDetailAdapter.Fill(dsSalesOrder,
                "SalesOrderDetail");
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports Microsoft.Reporting.WinForms

Public Class Form1

    Private Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
                        Handles MyBase.Load

        'Set the processing mode for the ReportViewer to Local
        reportViewer1.ProcessingMode = ProcessingMode.Local

        Dim localReport As LocalReport
        localReport = reportViewer1.LocalReport

        localReport.ReportEmbeddedResource = _
            "ReportViewerIntro.Sales Order Detail.rdlc"

        Dim dataset As New DataSet("Sales Order Detail")

        Dim salesOrderNumber As String = "SO43661"

        'Get the sales order data
        GetSalesOrderData(salesOrderNumber, dataset)

        'Create a report data source for the sales order data
        Dim dsSalesOrder As New ReportDataSource()
        dsSalesOrder.Name = "SalesOrder"
        dsSalesOrder.Value = dataset.Tables("SalesOrder")

        localReport.DataSources.Add(dsSalesOrder)

        'Get the sales order detail data
        GetSalesOrderDetailData(salesOrderNumber, dataset)

        'Create a report data source for the sales 
        'order detail data
        Dim dsSalesOrderDetail As New ReportDataSource()
        dsSalesOrderDetail.Name = "SalesOrderDetail"
        dsSalesOrderDetail.Value = _
            dataset.Tables("SalesOrderDetail")

        localReport.DataSources.Add(dsSalesOrderDetail)

        'Create a report parameter for the sales order number 
        Dim rpSalesOrderNumber As New ReportParameter()
        rpSalesOrderNumber.Name = "SalesOrderNumber"
        rpSalesOrderNumber.Values.Add("SO43661")

        'Set the report parameters for the report
        Dim parameters() As ReportParameter = {rpSalesOrderNumber}
        localReport.SetParameters(parameters)

        'Refresh the report
        reportViewer1.RefreshReport()

    End Sub

    Private Sub GetSalesOrderData(ByVal salesOrderNumber As String, _
                               ByRef dsSalesOrder As DataSet)

        Dim sqlSalesOrder As String = _
            "SELECT SOH.SalesOrderNumber, S.Name AS Store, " & _
            "       SOH.OrderDate, C.FirstName AS SalesFirstName, " & _
            "       C.LastName AS SalesLastName, E.Title AS " & _
            "       SalesTitle, SOH.PurchaseOrderNumber, " & _
            "       SM.Name AS ShipMethod, BA.AddressLine1 " & _
            "       AS BillAddress1, BA.AddressLine2 AS " & _
            "       BillAddress2, BA.City AS BillCity, " & _
            "       BA.PostalCode AS BillPostalCode, BSP.Name " & _
            "       AS BillStateProvince, BCR.Name AS " & _
            "       BillCountryRegion, SA.AddressLine1 AS " & _
            "       ShipAddress1, SA.AddressLine2 AS " & _
            "       ShipAddress2, SA.City AS ShipCity, " & _
            "       SA.PostalCode AS ShipPostalCode, SSP.Name " & _
            "       AS ShipStateProvince, SCR.Name AS " & _
            "       ShipCountryRegion, CC.Phone AS CustPhone, " & _
            "       CC.FirstName AS CustFirstName, CC.LastName " & _
            "       AS CustLastName " & _
            "FROM   Person.Address SA INNER JOIN " & _
            "       Person.StateProvince SSP ON " & _
            "       SA.StateProvinceID = SSP.StateProvinceID " & _
            "       INNER JOIN Person.CountryRegion SCR ON " & _
            "       SSP.CountryRegionCode = SCR.CountryRegionCode " & _
            "       RIGHT OUTER JOIN Sales.SalesOrderHeader SOH " & _
            "       LEFT OUTER JOIN  Person.Contact CC ON " & _
            "       SOH.ContactID = CC.ContactID LEFT OUTER JOIN" & _
            "       Person.Address BA INNER JOIN " & _
            "       Person.StateProvince BSP ON " & _
            "       BA.StateProvinceID = BSP.StateProvinceID " & _
            "       INNER JOIN Person.CountryRegion BCR ON " & _
            "       BSP.CountryRegionCode = " & _
            "       BCR.CountryRegionCode ON SOH.BillToAddressID " & _
            "       = BA.AddressID ON  SA.AddressID = " & _
            "       SOH.ShipToAddressID LEFT OUTER JOIN " & _
            "       Person.Contact C RIGHT OUTER JOIN " & _
            "       HumanResources.Employee E ON C.ContactID = " & _
            "       E.ContactID ON SOH.SalesPersonID = " & _
            "       E.EmployeeID LEFT OUTER JOIN " & _
            "       Purchasing.ShipMethod SM ON SOH.ShipMethodID " & _
            "       = SM.ShipMethodID LEFT OUTER JOIN Sales.Store" & _
            "        S ON SOH.CustomerID = S.CustomerID " & _
            "WHERE  (SOH.SalesOrderNumber = @SalesOrderNumber)"

        Using connection As New SqlConnection( _
                      "Data Source=(local); " & _
                      "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks; " & _
                      "Integrated Security=SSPI")

            Dim command As New SqlCommand(sqlSalesOrder, connection)

            Dim parameter As New SqlParameter("SalesOrderNumber", _
                salesOrderNumber)
            command.Parameters.Add(parameter)

            Dim salesOrderAdapter As New SqlDataAdapter(command)

            salesOrderAdapter.Fill(dsSalesOrder, "SalesOrder")

        End Using

    End Sub

    Private Sub GetSalesOrderDetailData( _
                           ByVal salesOrderNumber As String, _
                           ByRef dsSalesOrder As DataSet)

        Dim sqlSalesOrderDetail As String = _
            "SELECT  SOD.SalesOrderDetailID, SOD.OrderQty, " & _
            "        SOD.UnitPrice, CASE WHEN " & _
            "        SOD.UnitPriceDiscount IS NULL THEN 0 " & _
            "        ELSE SOD.UnitPriceDiscount END AS " & _
            "        UnitPriceDiscount, SOD.LineTotal, " & _
            "        SOD.CarrierTrackingNumber, " & _
            "        SOD.SalesOrderID, P.Name, P.ProductNumber " & _
            "FROM    Sales.SalesOrderDetail SOD INNER JOIN " & _
            "        Production.Product P ON SOD.ProductID = " & _
            "        P.ProductID INNER JOIN " & _
            "        Sales.SalesOrderHeader SOH ON " & _
            "        SOD.SalesOrderID = SOH.SalesOrderID " & _
            "WHERE   (SOH.SalesOrderNumber = @SalesOrderNumber) " & _
            "ORDER BY SOD.SalesOrderDetailID"

        Using connection As New SqlConnection( _
                      "Data Source=(local); " & _
                      "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks; " & _
                      "Integrated Security=SSPI")

            Dim command As New SqlCommand(sqlSalesOrderDetail, _
                                          connection)

            Dim parameter As New SqlParameter("SalesOrderNumber", _
                salesOrderNumber)
            command.Parameters.Add(parameter)

            Dim salesOrderDetailAdapter As New SqlDataAdapter(command)

            salesOrderDetailAdapter.Fill(dsSalesOrder, _
                "SalesOrderDetail")

        End Using

    End Sub

End Class

See Also

Concepts

Integrating Reporting Services Using the ReportViewer Controls

Other Resources

Installing Samples

Help and Information

Getting SQL Server 2005 Assistance