BottomSum (MDX)

Sorts a specified set in ascending order, and returns a set of tuples with the lowest values whose sum is equal to or less than a specified value.


BottomSum(Set_Expression, Value, Numeric_Expression)


  • Set_Expression
    A valid Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) expression that returns a set.
  • Value
    A valid numeric expression that specifies the value against which each tuple is compared.
  • Numeric_Expression
    A valid numeric expression that is typically a Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) expression of cell coordinates that return a number.


The BottomSum function calculates the sum of a specified measure evaluated over a specified set, sorting the set in ascending order. The function then returns the elements with the lowest values whose total of the specified numeric expression is at least the specified value (sum). This function returns the smallest subset of a set whose cumulative total is at least the specified value. The returned elements are ordered smallest to largest.


The BottomSum function, like the TopSum function, always breaks the hierarchy.


The following example returns, for the Bike category, the smallest set of members of the City level in the Geography hierarchy in the Geography dimension for fiscal year 2003 whose cumulative total using the Reseller Sales Amount measure is at least the sum of 50,000 (beginning with the members of this set with the smallest number of sales).

SELECT BottomSum
      *[Date].[Fiscal].[Fiscal Year].[FY 2003]}
   , 50000
   , [Measures].[Reseller Sales Amount]
   ) ON 0,
   [Product].[Product Categories].Bikes ON 1
FROM [Adventure Works]

See Also


MDX Function Reference (MDX)

Help and Information

Getting SQL Server 2005 Assistance

Change History

Release History

17 July 2006

Changed content:
  • Updated syntax and arguments to improve clarity.
  • Added updated examples.