Database.Shrink Method

Shrinks the database.

Namespace:  Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo
Assembly:  Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo (in Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo.dll)


Public Sub Shrink ( _
    percentFreeSpace As Integer, _
    shrinkMethod As ShrinkMethod _
Dim instance As Database
Dim percentFreeSpace As Integer
Dim shrinkMethod As ShrinkMethod

instance.Shrink(percentFreeSpace, shrinkMethod)
public void Shrink(
    int percentFreeSpace,
    ShrinkMethod shrinkMethod
void Shrink(
    int percentFreeSpace, 
    ShrinkMethod shrinkMethod
member Shrink : 
        percentFreeSpace:int * 
        shrinkMethod:ShrinkMethod -> unit 
public function Shrink(
    percentFreeSpace : int, 
    shrinkMethod : ShrinkMethod


  • percentFreeSpace
    Type: System.Int32
    An Int32 value that specifies how much to reduce the database in percent.


You can use the Shrink method to reduce the size of the files that make up the database manually. The data is stored more densely and unused pages are removed. Alternatively, you can shrink the database automatically at intervals by setting the AutoShrink option.



'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
Dim srv As Server
srv = New Server

'Reference the AdventureWorks2008R2 database.
Dim db As Database
db = srv.Databases("AdventureWorks2008R2")

'Shrink the database without truncating the log.
db.Shrink(20, ShrinkMethod.NoTruncate)

'Truncate the log.


$srv = new-Object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server("(local)")
$db = New-Object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Database
$db = $srv.Databases.Item("AdventureWorks2008R2")

$db.Shrink(20, [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.ShrinkMethod]'NoTruncate')