Canonical Forms and Pattern Restrictions

The XSD pattern facet allows for the restriction of the lexical space of simple types. When a pattern restriction is put on a type for which there is more than one possible lexical representation, some values could cause unexpected behavior upon validation.

This behavior occurs because lexical representations of these values are not stored in the database. Therefore, the values are converted to their canonical representations when serialized as output. If a document contains a value whose canonical form does not comply with the pattern restriction for its type, the document is rejected if a user tries to reinsert it.

To prevent this, SQL Server rejects any XML document that contains values that cannot be reinserted, because of the violation of pattern restrictions by their canonical forms. For example, the value "33.000" does not validate against a type derived from xs:decimal with a pattern restriction of "33\.0+". Although "33.000" complies with this pattern, the canonical form, "33", does not.

Therefore, you should be careful when you apply pattern facets to types derived from the following primitive types: boolean, decimal, float, double, dateTime, time, date, hexBinary, and base64Binary. SQL Server issues a warning when you add any such components to a schema collection.

Imprecise serialization of floating-point values has a similar problem. Because of the floating-point serialization algorithm used by SQL Server, it is possible for similar values to share the same canonical form. When a floating-point value is serialized and then reinserted, its value may change slightly. In rare cases, this may result in a value that violates any of the following facets for its type on reinsertion: enumeration, minInclusive, minExclusive, maxInclusive, or maxExclusive. To prevent this, SQL Server rejects any values of types derived from xs:float or xs:double that cannot be serialized and reinserted.