sp_dropdistributiondb (Transact-SQL)

Drops a distribution database. Drops the physical files used by the database if they are not used by another database. This stored procedure is executed at the Distributor on any database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


sp_dropdistributiondb [ @database= ] 'database'


  • [ **@database=**\] 'database'
    Is the database to drop. database is sysname, with no default.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)


sp_dropdistributiondb is used in all types of replication.

This stored procedure must be executed before dropping the Distributor by executing sp_dropdistributor.

sp_dropdistributiondb also removes a Queue Reader Agent job for the distribution database, if one exists.

To disable distribution, the distribution database must be online. If a database snapshot exists for the distribution database, it must be dropped before disabling distribution. A database snapshot is a read-only offline copy of a database, and is not related to a replication snapshot. For more information, see Database Snapshots (SQL Server).


-- This script uses sqlcmd scripting variables. They are in the form
-- $(MyVariable). For information about how to use scripting variables  
-- on the command line and in SQL Server Management Studio, see the 
-- "Executing Replication Scripts" section in the topic
-- "Programming Replication Using System Stored Procedures".

-- Disable publishing and distribution.
DECLARE @distributionDB AS sysname;
DECLARE @publisher AS sysname;
DECLARE @publicationDB as sysname;
SET @distributionDB = N'distribution';
SET @publisher = $(DistPubServer);
SET @publicationDB = N'AdventureWorks2012';

-- Disable the publication database.
USE [AdventureWorks2012]
EXEC sp_removedbreplication @publicationDB;

-- Remove the registration of the local Publisher at the Distributor.
USE master
EXEC sp_dropdistpublisher @publisher;

-- Delete the distribution database.
EXEC sp_dropdistributiondb @distributionDB;

-- Remove the local server as a Distributor.
EXEC sp_dropdistributor;


Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute sp_dropdistributiondb.

See Also


sp_adddistributiondb (Transact-SQL)

sp_changedistributiondb (Transact-SQL)

sp_helpdistributiondb (Transact-SQL)

Replication Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)


Disable Publishing and Distribution