Sets the minimum number of lines of a paragraph that must appear at the bottom of a page.


{ orphans:nLines}

Possible values


Variant that specifies or receives the minimum number of lines to print at the bottom of a page.

The property has a default value of 0. The Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) attribute is not inherited.


This property applies when the document is printed. If there are fewer lines than necessary to satisfy this rule, the lines are moved to the following page. The widows attribute takes precedence over the orphans attribute.


The following style rule ensures that at least three lines of a paragraph appear at the bottom and top of each printed page.

<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=8" />

<style type="text/css">
@media print {
    p {

Standards Information


This documentation is preliminary and subject to change.

Applies to

a, address, b, big, blockquote, body, caption, center, cite, code, col, colgroup, dd, dfn, dir, div, dl, dt, em, fieldset, form, hn, html, i, kbd, label, legend, li, listing, marquee, menu, ol, p, pre, s, samp, small, span, strike, strong, style, sub, sup, table, tbody, td, textarea, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, var, xmp

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