How to: Read and Write to a Newly Created Data File

The BinaryWriter and BinaryReader classes are used for writing and reading data, rather than character strings. The following code example demonstrates writing data to and reading data from a new, empty file stream (Test.data). After creating the data file in the current directory, the associated BinaryWriter and BinaryReader are created, and the BinaryWriter is used to write the integers 0 through 10 to Test.data, which leaves the file pointer at the end of the file. After setting the file pointer back to the origin, the BinaryReader reads out the specified content.

Example

Option Explicit On 
Option Strict On
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Class MyStream
    Private Const FILE_NAME As String = "Test.data"
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create the new, empty data file.
        If File.Exists(FILE_NAME) Then
            Console.WriteLine("{0} already exists!", FILE_NAME)
            Return
        End If
        Dim fs As New FileStream(FILE_NAME, FileMode.CreateNew)
        ' Create the writer for data.
        Dim w As New BinaryWriter(fs)
        ' Write data to Test.data.
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 10
            w.Write(CInt(i))
        Next i
        w.Close()
        fs.Close()
        ' Create the reader for data.
        fs = New FileStream(FILE_NAME, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
        Dim r As New BinaryReader(fs)
        ' Read data from Test.data.
        For i = 0 To 10
            Console.WriteLine(r.ReadInt32())
        Next i
        r.Close()
        fs.Close()
    End Sub
End Class
using System;
using System.IO;
class MyStream 
{
    private const string FILE_NAME = "Test.data";
    public static void Main(String[] args) 
    {
        // Create the new, empty data file.
        if (File.Exists(FILE_NAME)) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} already exists!", FILE_NAME);
            return;
        }
        FileStream fs = new FileStream(FILE_NAME, FileMode.CreateNew);
        // Create the writer for data.
        BinaryWriter w = new BinaryWriter(fs);
        // Write data to Test.data.
        for (int i = 0; i < 11; i++) 
        {
            w.Write( (int) i);
        }
        w.Close();
        fs.Close();
        // Create the reader for data.
        fs = new FileStream(FILE_NAME, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
        BinaryReader r = new BinaryReader(fs);
        // Read data from Test.data.
        for (int i = 0; i < 11; i++) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine(r.ReadInt32());
        }
        r.Close();
        fs.Close();
    }
}

Robust Programming

If Test.data already exists in the current directory, an IOException is thrown. Use FileMode.Create to always create a new file without throwing an IOException.

See Also

Tasks

How to: Create a Directory Listing

How to: Open and Append to a Log File

How to: Read Text from a File

How to: Write Text to a File

How to: Read Characters from a String

How to: Write Characters to a String

Concepts

Basic File I/O

Reference

BinaryReader

BinaryWriter

FileStream

FileStream.Seek

SeekOrigin