Do not declare read only mutable reference types







Breaking Change

Non Breaking


An externally visible type contains an externally visible read-only field that is a mutable reference type.

Rule Description

A mutable type is a type whose instance data can be modified. The System.Text.StringBuilder class is an example of a mutable reference type. It contains members that can change the value of an instance of the class. An example of an immutable reference type is the System.String class. After it has been instantiated, its value can never change.

The read-only modifier (readonly (C# Reference) in C#, ReadOnly (Visual Basic) in Visual Basic, and const (C++) in C++) on a reference type field (pointer in C++) prevents the field from being replaced by a different instance of the reference type but does not prevent the field's instance data from being modified through the reference type.

Read-only array fields are exempt from this rule but instead cause a violation of the Array fields should not be read only rule.

How to Fix Violations

To fix a violation of this rule, remove the read-only modifier or, if a breaking change is acceptable, replace the field with an immutable type.

When to Suppress Warnings

It is safe to suppress a warning from this rule if the field type is immutable.


The following example shows a field declaration that causes a violation of this rule.

Imports System
Imports System.Text

Namespace SecurityLibrary

    Public Class MutableReferenceTypes

        Shared Protected ReadOnly SomeStringBuilder As StringBuilder

        Shared Sub New()
            SomeStringBuilder = New StringBuilder()
        End Sub 

    End Class 

End Namespace
using System;
using System.Text;

namespace SecurityLibrary
    public class MutableReferenceTypes
        static protected readonly StringBuilder SomeStringBuilder;

        static MutableReferenceTypes()
            SomeStringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;

namespace SecurityLibrary
    public ref class MutableReferenceTypes
        static StringBuilder^ const SomeStringBuilder = 
           gcnew StringBuilder();

        static MutableReferenceTypes()